Executive Order 13514: Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance

On October 5, 2009, President Obama signed Executive Order 13514, that set sustainability goals for Federal agencies and focuses on making improvements in their environmental, energy and economic performance. The Order establishes an integrated strategy towards sustainability in the Federal Government, and makes the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions a priority for Federal agencies. In addition, every federal agency is directed to develop, implement, and annually update an integrated Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. The third round of these federal agency Sustainability Plans, released on February 7, 2013, include Climate Change Adaptation Plans for the first time - outlining initiatives to reduce the vulnerability of Federal programs, assets, and investments to the impacts of climate change.

E.O. 13514 required federal agencies to set a 2020 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target within 90 days, establishing a process under which agency-defined greenhouse gas emissions targets are to be set and reported to the President through the Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ). It also requires agencies to meet a number of energy, water, and waste reduction targets, including:

  • 30% reduction in vehicle fleet petroleum use by 2020
  • 26% improvement in water efficiency by 2020
  • 50% recycling and waste diversion by 2015
  • 95% of all applicable contracts will meet sustainability requirements
  • Implementation of the 2030 net-zero-energy building requirement
  • Implementation of the stormwater provisions of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, section 438
  • Development of guidance for sustainable Federal building locations in alignment with the Livability Principles put forward by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Transportation, and the Environmental Protection Agency.

E.O. 13514 was developed by the CEQ, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive, expanding upon the energy reduction and environmental performance requirements of E.O. 13423. The OMB and CEQ will monitor agencies’ progress and results through the OMB Scorecard process, agency annual energy reports to DOE, agency reporting in the Federal Automotive Statistical Tool (FAST), and by assessing agencies’ annual Sustainability Plans. In order to enable an open, transparent and participatory government, agency Sustainability Plans, OMB Scorecard assessments, and GHG inventories will be made available on the Performance.gov and Data.gov websites.


Publication Date: October 5, 2009

Author or Affiliated User:

  • President Obama

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Resource Category:

Resource Types:

  • Executive order

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