Hazard Awareness and Risk Mitigation in Integrated Coastal Area Management

This report from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) provides broad guidelines for coastal planners related to the risks presented by tsunamis, storm surge, extreme wind-forced waves, coastal erosion, and the effects rising sea levels. These guidelines are intended to assist federal and local policy makers and coastal managers and planners in the reduction of the risks to coastal communities, their infrastructure, and service-providing ecosystems from coastal hazards being exacerbated by climate change.

Section 3 of the report defines and describes the characteristics of each of these hazards, delineating between rapid onset and long-term progressive hazards. Section 4 provides guidelines for identifying and quantifying the hazard to a specific locale. Section 5 aims to guide the determination of the social, physical, economic and environmental vulnerabilities of coastal communities who may be affected by the possible impacts of inundation. It details specific steps for conducting and communicating the results of a vulnerability assessment with these parameters in mind. Section 5 also provides the framework for conducting a risk assessment. Chapter 7 discusses raising awareness, emergency preparedness, and early warning systems.

The guidelines are a response to the needs expressed by IOC Member States (MS) to enhance awareness of these hazards; to improve the ability of MS to assess the risks; and to provide MS with recommendations of best practice in the management of the risks within the framework of Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM).




Publication Date: 2009

Related Organizations:

  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)


Resource Category:

Resource Types:

  • Planning guides


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