Texas 2017 Coastal Resiliency Master Plan

From the Texas General Land Office (GLO), the Coastal Resiliency Master Plan was developed to guide future management of the state’s coastline in support of sustaining resilient local communities and coastal ecosystems. Climate impacts and coastal hazards including coastal erosion, sea level rise, coastal storm surge, habitat loss and degradation, and water quality decline are becoming more severe in Texas - and the GLO established a series of Resiliency Strategies as presented in the plan to address these hazards in a system-wide approach.

The coastal economy in Texas is highly at risk from sea-level rise and other climate hazards. Activities that rely on coastal resources in Texas include waterborne commerce, petroleum exploration and refining, petroleum and chemical product manufacturing, commercial and recreational fishing, and tourism and ecotourism. The ocean economy supports over 70,000 businesses and 1.6 million workers in Texas with total wages in excess of $37 billion within the coastal counties1

Part 3: A Valuable Texas Coast describes this economic significance as well as the value of the environmental features of the coastal landscape including bay estuaries, barrier islands and peninsulas, dunes, wetlands and oyster reefs. The related coastal ecosystem services are detailed - such as habitat, water purification, erosion control and flood and storm protection.

Part 4: A Vulnerable Texas Coast highlights several impacts that can directly alter coastal communities and increase their vulnerability including ‘Nature-Based Coastal Pressures’ such as tropical storms, hurricanes and extreme weather events; as well as accruing impacts such as sea-level rise, loss of freshwater inflow and sediment deficits (lack of beach re-noursishment).

The top “Issues of Concern” for the Texas coast were established - and hundreds of projects already in motion or proposed for bringing resiliency to the coastal region were vetted for the ability to address these priority concerns. Those that best address: Project Cost; Economics and Benefits; Physical and Risk Impacts; Project Feasibility and Constructibility; Environmental Impacts; and Sediment Management -  became “Tier 1” or focal projects for implementation.

The GLO’s assessment and planning process yielded the following 8 top Resiliency Strategies:

    1. Restoration of Beaches and Dunes
    2. Bay Shoreline Stabilization and Estuarine Wetland Restoration (Living Shorelines)
    3. Stabilizing the Texas Gulf Intracoastal Waterway
    4. Freshwater Wetlands and Coastal Uplands Conservation
    5. Delta and Lagoon Restoration
    6. Oyster Reef Creation and Restoration
    7. Rookery Island Creation and Restoration
    8. Plans, Policies and Programs (Establishes a framework to address coastal resiliency priorities through legislative and administrative changes and coastal program enhancements.)

Because of the diversity and expanse of the Texas coast, the coast is broken up into four regions for the purposes of this planning effort. The four coastal regions are each described along with the specifics on the economic and ecosystem services provided in each area.

Section 6 presents Regional snapshots for the four coastal regional priority Issues of Concern.  These issues/impacts are paired with the recommended “Tier 1” projects for that region, organized by focal Resiliency Strategy.

Section 6 presents Regional snapshots for the four coastal regional priority Issues of Concern.  These issues/impacts are paired with the recommended “Tier 1” projects for that region, organized by focal Resiliency Strategy.

 

 

 

 

        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the recommended Tier 1 projects - individual project description sheets are provided that identify the specific resiliency strategy the project addresses, the need for and the benefits provided by the project, the applied project types that would be utilized, an estimated project cost range, and a map of the project location.

 

Publication Date: March 2017

Related Organizations:

  • Texas General Land Office

Sectors:

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Resource Types:

  • Plans (other)

States Affected:

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