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Planning and Drought

January 2014

“Planning and Drought” (PAS Report No. 574) presents best practices and case studies in drought planning.   The report offers a comprehensive guide for citizens, planners, and communities to explore what drought is, how to track it, its impacts, and how planners and communities can prepare to mitigate its effects. This publication is the result of a partnership between the American Planning Association (APA), the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS).

Related Organizations: National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS), University of Nebraska, American Planning Association (APA)

Authors or Affiliated Users: James Schwab, Jeff Brislawn, Marilyn Hall, Cody Knutson, Marsha Prillwitz, Kelly Redmond, Mark Svoboda

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Innovative Approaches for Adapting to Water Variability in the West

May 2012

This brief reviews three approaches that communities are pursuing to adapt to climate change:

  • New Mexico's Active Water Resource Management program, which put rules into place that allow for temporary water use changes in real time in case of drought.
  • The Water Utility Climate Alliance (WUCA), which was founded by water managers concerned by a gap in climate assessment and adaptation science needed to support their decisions.
  • Colorado's Joint Front Range Climate Change Vulnerability Study, which brings together the state and water utilities to assess climate change's impact on local water availability.

Author or Affiliated User: Sarah Cottrell Propst

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Lessons on Climate Change and Poverty From the California Drought

August 19. 2015

This report describes how climate-related extreme weather events exacerbate existing socioeconomic inequalities. In this case, the report highlights the disproportionate challenges experienced by frontline communities during the California drought that began in 2012, which includes communities of color and low-income people living in tribal, rural, and farming communities. The report discusses the following topics: the causes and severity of California’s drought; the drought’s impacts on the national food system; demographics, water rights, and drought impacts in agricultural communities; and policy recommendations.

Related Organizations: Center for American Progress

Author or Affiliated User: Wendy Ortiz

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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CA Executive Order B-37-16: Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life

May 9, 2016

B-37-16 “Making Water Conservation a California Way of Life” is an executive order that builds on temporary statewide emergency water restrictions set forth by Governor Brown and the State Water Resources Control Board in 2015, to establish longer-term water conservation measures for California. In response to the extreme and persistent drought conditions along with warmer weather and reduced snowpack expected for the state, the 2016 executive order directs permanent changes to: use water more wisely, eliminate water waste, strengthen local drought resistance, and improve agricultural water use efficiency and drought planning.

Related Organizations: State of California, California Department of Water Resources

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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National Integrated Drought Information System Reauthorization Act of 2013 (HR 2431)

March 6, 2014

On March 6, 2014, President Obama signed a bipartisan law to renew federal support for the National Integrated Drought Information System - a drought program that seeks to reduce financial and environmental risks posed by sustained drought by providing forecasts and support to vulnerable communities. The legislation easily passed through Congress, with a 356-21 vote in the House and passing via unanimous consent in the Senate. The law would extend the program until 2018.

Related Organizations: The White House, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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National Drought Resilience Partnership

November 15, 2013

In November 2013 the Obama Administration announced a new partnership between seven Federal agencies to help communities better prepare for drought, through both drought assistance and preparedness planning. The interagency National Drought Resilience Partnership (NDRP) was established as part of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Caltrans Water Conservation Measures in Highway Landscaping

2014

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is using a variety of new materials and techniques to address drought conditions by reducing or eliminating water use on roadside landscaping.   New roadside landscaping projects may utilize recycled water, native grasses and plants that require little or no watering, innovative water collection techniques, and smart irrigation controls. Caltrans’ new water conservation efforts are designed to help meet or exceed state water use reduction goals and address growing water scarcity.

Related Organizations: California Department of Transportation (Caltrans)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Pure Water San Diego - Potable Water Reuse Program

2013

Pure Water San Diego, is the City of San Diego, California’s phased, multi-year sustainability program that intends to provide one-third of San Diego's water supply locally by 2035. The Pure Water Program will use proven water purification technology to clean recycled water to produce safe, high-quality drinking water. Environmental stressors and climate change impacts, such as ongoing drought in the Colorado River Basin, and reduced snowpack and runoff in Northern California have decreased the availability of local water supplies, and San Diego has turned to investing in adaptive alternatives.

Related Organizations: City of San Diego, California

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Drought-Ready Communities - A Guide to Community Drought Preparedness

May 2011

The Drought-Ready Communities pilot project culminated in 2010 with this "Guide to Community Drought Preparedness" that communities throughout the U.S. can use to understand and reduce their drought risk. The process outlined in the Guide is broad-based, recognizing that drought creates problems that go beyond the scope of which water suppliers alone can address.

Related Organizations: National Drought Mitigation Center, Oklahoma Climatological Survey, Illinois State Water Survey, Lower Platte River Corridor Alliance

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Analysis of Drought Impacts on Electricity Production in the Western and Texas Interconnections of the United States

December 2011

This study, produced by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory, analyzes the potential impact of drought on electricity generation within the western and Texas interconnections.  The report examines how electricity generation relies heavily on water resources and their availability, and illustrates the interdependence of energy and water in the electricity context. 

Related Organizations: Department of Energy

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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