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Extreme Weather and Climate Change: Understanding the Link and Managing the Risk

December 2011

This white paper was provided by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), - previously the Pew Center on Global Climate Change - describing the current and future severity of extreme weather events resulting from global warming, and approaches for managing this risk.   The report prioritizes the understanding of the meaning of risk of extreme weather and how it relates to changes in the climate system as being crucial to assessing vulnerability and planning for the future.   Recent extreme weather is reviewed for the last decade, and incorporated into a description of overall climate trends.

Related Organizations: The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Daniel G. Huber, Jay Gulledge

Resource Category: Monitoring and Reporting

 

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Dallas-Fort Worth Airport Operational Changes to Manage Extreme Snow and Ice Events

2011

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) has introduced maintenance and operations procedures for snow and ice removal in cases of unusual snow events that would limit the airport’s role as one of the world’s busiest airports.   After experiencing a large snow and ice storm in 2011, DFW could not handle the snow-clearing needs to keep the airport operating at full capacity. The storm occurred right before the Super Bowl in 2011, halting the flow of thousands of visitors using the airport for travel and bringing attention to the need to better manage severe winter storms.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Trends in Extreme Precipitation Events for the Northeastern United States 1948-2007

March 2010

Based on the number and frequency of extreme precipitation events since the release of their 2005 report, entitled "Indicators of Climate Change in the Northeast," the authors sought to update information for this particular indicator in the Northeast, and apply more rigorous analysis to better enable local communities to take appropriate actions.

Related Organizations: University of New Hampshire, Climate Solutions New England (CSNE), Clean Air Cool Planet (CA-CP)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Adapting to Extreme Events: Managing Fat Tails

May 2010

This issue brief by Resources for the Future suggests that improved management of catastrophic risks should be a part of adaptation planning at federal, state, and local levels. The report describes how actions can be incorporated into adaptation plans to reduce losses and improve the ability to insure these risks.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Carolyn Kousky, Roger Cooke

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 3.3: Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands

June 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) created between 2004 and 2009 by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U.S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP assesses the state of knowledge concerning changes in weather and climate extremes in North America, Hawaii, the Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Thomas R. Karl, Gerald A. Meehl, Christopher D. Miller, Susan J. Hassol, Anne M. Waple, William L. Murray

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Florida “Sacrificial” Roads Projects

2007

Recognizing the increasing maintenance and replacement costs for coastal roads in Florida due to more frequent flooding and storm surge, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) – Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division (EFL), assisted the National Park Service and other partners designing specific that are prone to be frequently washed out to have minimal environmental impact. Rising sea levels and coastal storms, which are projected to increase in intensity as a result of climate change, are creating more challenges for building and maintaining transportation infrastructure along coastal shorelines.

Related Organizations: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), National Park Service (NPS)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Hazards - United States (Hazus)

Hazards-United States (Hazus) is a nationally applicable standardized methodology that contains models for estimating potential losses from earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes. Hazus uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to estimate physical, economic, and social impacts of disasters. It graphically illustrates the limits of identified high-risk locations due to earthquake, hurricane, and floods. Users can then visualize the spatial relationships between populations and other more permanently fixed geographic assets or resources for the specific hazard being modeled, a crucial function in the pre-disaster planning process.

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Program

Administered by FEMA, the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP, CFDA Number: 97. 039) provides grants to state and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration.  HMGP funding is only available to applicants that reside within a Presidentially declared disaster area.   The purpose of the HMGP is to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters and to enable mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster Purpose: The program’s purpose is to provide funding to states and communities to implement activities that will help them reduce risks of damage and loss of life and property from future natural disasters and hazards.

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Funding

 

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Eye of the Storm: Report of the Governor's Commission to Rebuild Texas

December 13, 2018

The Governor’s Commission to Rebuild Texas was established just after Hurricane Harvey devastated the Gulf Coast region of the state in August 2017. Governor Abbott directed the commission to determine ways to improve the process of disaster response and to develop strategies for protecting the region against future storms. The Commission’s report details the magnitude and impacts of Harvey; assesses the federal, state and local response to the disaster; and offers recommendations on how Texas can better prepare for future disasters.

Related Organizations: State of Texas, Governor's Commission to Rebuild Texas, Texas A&M University

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Building Gulf Coast Resilience - Opportunities After Deepwater Horizon

August 1, 2018

From the Georgetown Climate Center, this report presents recommendations for enhancing Gulf Coast resilience as state and federal agencies implement projects to restore ecosystems affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Over 134 million gallons of crude oil was released into the Gulf of Mexico affecting 1,300 miles of coastline from Texas to Florida. Over the next 15 years, more than $20 billion will flow to the region for projects to restore ecosystems and economies affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Related Organizations: Georgetown Climate Center

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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