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Case Study: Harlem Heat Project

February 23, 2017

The Harlem Heat Project is a community-based initiative that began in New York City in the summer of 2016. It combines crowd-sourcing, data reporting, and narrative journalism to tell the story or urban heat islands in New York City. Non-profit journalism and community-based organizations came together to provide low-cost heat sensors to homeowners in "heat-vulnerable" areas of Harlem in New York City. The data was used to tell the story of disproportionate risks to extreme heat for lower-income and communities of color as a result of increasing temperatures from climate change.

Related Organizations: WE ACT for Environmental Justice, AdaptNY, I See Change

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Achieving Urban Resilience: Washington D.C.

December 12, 2016

Achieving Urban Resilience illustrates the environmental, health and economic benefits that Washington, D. C. could gain from citywide adoption of smart surface technologies such as cool roofs, green roofs, solar PV, porous pavements, bio-retention, rainwater harvesting, reflective pavements, permeable pavements, and urban trees. The report quantifies the benefits of adopting cost-effective strategies to manage sun and rainfall at a city level, and documents how the District could save at least $5 billion over 40 years with smart surface strategies.

Related Organizations: District Department of Energy and the Environment (DDOE) - Washington DC, District Department of General Services - Washington DC, Capital E

Authors or Affiliated Users: Greg Kats, Keith Glassbrook

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Heat in the Heartland: Climate Change and Economic Risk in the U.S.

January 23, 2015

From the Risky Business Project, “Heat in the Heartland” details how extreme heat from unmitigated climate change could transform the Midwest's communities and economy. This assessment defines the range of potential economic consequences on agriculture and businesses, as well as discusses the related impacts on labor productivity, livestock, energy use, public health, crime, fresh water supply and tourism. The report concludes that the most severe risks can still be avoided through early investments in resilience and immediate action to mitigate global warming.

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Adapting to Urban Heat: A Tool Kit for Local Governments

August 2012

This tool kit is designed to help local governments reduce the effects of increased heat on their communities and citizens. It provides an analytic tool for policy makers to consider a combination of four built-environment changes (cool roofs, green roofs, cool pavements, and urban forestry), providing clear criteria for selecting among these approaches. 

Related Organizations: Harrison Institute, Georgetown Climate Center

Author or Affiliated User: Sara Hoverter

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Assessing the Health Impacts of Urban Heat Island Reduction Strategies in the Cities of Baltimore, Los Angeles, and New York

2014

The research summarized in this report quantifies the impact that typical urban heat island mitigation strategies - such as reflective roofs, cool pavements, and vegetation - have on ambient conditions and mortality during extreme heat events. The study estimated reductions in heat-related mortality in three cities: Baltimore, Maryland; Los Angeles, California; and New York, New York. The findings of this paper can help urban planners and city officials looking to further quantify the health and life-saving benefits of reducing summer urban heat islands (UHI) with cool surfaces and increased vegetation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jennifer Vanos, Laurence Kalkstein, David Sailor, Kurt Shickman, Scott Sheridan

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Heat is On: U.S. Temperature Trends

June 2012

This report from Climate Central presents a state-by-state analysis of warming over the past 100 years and shows where it warmed the most and where it warmed the least. The report is timely, as the first five months of 2012 were the warmest on record in the U.S, and the 12 month period ending May 2012 was the warmest 12 month period on record in the country. 

Related Organizations: Climate Central

Authors or Affiliated Users: Claudia Tebaldi, Dennis Adams-Smith, Nicole Heller

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Socioeconomic indicators of heat-related health risk supplemented with remotely sensed data

October 16, 2009

This study evaluates a potential method for determining localized risk from extreme heat events (EHEs) in urban environments by integrating socio-demographic risk factors with estimates of land surface temperature.  Methods that provide more spatially specific information may better inform planning and intervention in areas where increased prevalence of heat-related illness and EHEs are likely to occur.

Related Organizations: International Journal of Health Geographics

Authors or Affiliated Users: Daniel P. Johnson, Jeffrey S. Wilson, George C. Luber

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Adapting to Climate Change: Public Health

June 2009

This issue brief shares results from a climate adaptation research project conducted by Resources for the Future (RFF). The report describes the projected health consequences of climate change impacts, and offers strategies to mitigate some of these adverse effects on public health. 

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: Jonathan M. Samet

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Can Improve New York City’s Environment: Research on the Impacts of Mitigation Strategies

October 2008

Green “living” roofs and “cool” highly reflective roofs are building technologies that may offer solutions to mitigate the problems of the urban heat island effect.   Focusing on why these particular techniques may be incorporated into strategies for urban heat island mitigation, this paper reviews research assessing their environmental impacts, and discusses the effects of these "smart" rooftops on ambient air temperatures, energy use, and air quality.

Related Organizations: Sustainable South Bronx

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joyce Klein Rosenthal, Rob Crauderuff, Majora Carter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Heat is On: Climate Change and Heatwaves in the Midwest

December 2007

This paper from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change) reviews the projected intensity and frequency of heat waves in the Midwestern United States for the 21st century, potential public health ramifications and related adaptation options. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines the impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U.

Related Organizations: National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kris Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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