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Avoiding Septic Shock: How Climate Change can cause Septic System Failure and Whether New England States are Prepared

February 2017

This white paper discusses climate change impacts on septic systems in New England, and whether states in the region are prepared for these impacts. The paper provides a state-by-state analysis of septic system regulations in New England and discusses how these regulatory frameworks are not fully considering climate change impacts, especially groundwater table rise. It also identifies challenges in septic system regulation, and suggests recommendations and best practices for how states and municipalities can work to change laws, amend rules, or adopt new policies or incentives to better construct, manage, and regulate septic systems to be resilient to climate change.

Author or Affiliated User: Elena Mihaly

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed Tribes

February 2017

The Upper Snake River Tribes include the Burns Paiute Tribe, Fort McDermitt Paiute Shoshone Tribe, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation, and Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation that together are represented by the Upper Snake River Tribes (USRT) Foundation. The USRT assessment focused on climate change vulnerabilities of their reservations in the 97,000 acre watershed in the Great Basin region - primarily in Idaho, with reservation lands extending into southwest Oregon and northeastern Nevada.

Related Organizations: Upper Snake River Tribes Foundation, Climate Impacts Group (CIG), Oregon Climate Change Research Institute (OCCRI)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Expanding vulnerability assessment for public lands: The social complement to ecological approaches

January 25, 2017

This report addresses how to measure the social vulnerability of rural populations in the context of public lands management, with an focus on Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands. Recognizing the need to better understand the climate vulnerabilities of those individuals and communities that depend upon resources managed on public lands, and the array of public land uses, federal agencies are asked to take into account both the needs and environmental impacts of human activities.  The paper highlights existing approaches to social vulnerability assessments and presents design principles for holistic social-ecological vulnerability assessments.

Related Organizations: Colorado State University, Western State Colorado University

Authors or Affiliated Users: Shannon M. McNeeley, Trevor L. Even, John B.M. Gioia, Corrine N. Knapp, Tyler A. Beeton

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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NOAA State Climate Summaries

January 10, 2017

The State Climate Summaries from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information consist of observed and projected climate change information for each U.S. state. The summaries describe assessment topics directly related to NOAA’s mission, specifically, historical climate variations and trends, future climate model projections of climate conditions during the 21st century, and past and future conditions of sea level and coastal flooding.

Related Organizations: National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Drought and Equity in California

January 9, 2017

Drought and Equity in California is the first statewide analysis of the impacts of the five-year and ongoing drought on California’s most vulnerable communities. Three major impacts of the drought are the focus of the report, including water supply shortages, drought charges and water affordability, and the drought impacts on salmon fisheries. The Pacific Institute finds that water shortages and price increases affected access to safe, affordable water for Californians, with the most severe impacts on several vulnerable populations.

Related Organizations: Pacific Institute, Environmental Justice Coalition for Water

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change: Improved Federal Coordination Could Facilitate Use of Forward-Looking Climate Information in Design Standards, Building Codes, and Certifications (GAO-17-3)

November 2016 (Rel. Date January 3, 2017)

In this report the Government Accountability Office (GAO) urges the Commerce Department to create a program to share new climate data with organizations that set standards for contractors, architects, housing and highway developers and other construction and engineering groups. In their analysis, GAO found that design standards and building codes generally use historical climate observations rather than forward-looking climate information. In the long-run, this could cost the government billions of dollars in repairs, insurance, and disaster relief.

Related Organizations: U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Third Oregon Climate Assessment Report (OCAR3)

January 2017

The Third Oregon Climate Assessment Report (OCAR3) released in January 2017 summarizes current climate change science and impacts for Oregon, while building on the previous assessment reports from 2010 and 2013. The legislatively mandated report was produced by the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute at Oregon State University in response to Oregon House Bill 3543 - “Global Warming Actions” - which requires a bi-annual assessment to the Legislative Assembly and Governor by the Research Institute with the likely effects of climate change on the state.

Related Organizations: Oregon Climate Change Research Institute (OCCRI)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Meghan M. Dalton, Kathie D. Dello, Linnia Hawkins, Philip W. Mote, David E. Rupp

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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California Climate Change and Health Profile Reports

2017

The CalBRACE (California Building Resilience Against Climate Effects) Project of the California Department of Public Health (DPH) developed 58 Climate Change and Health Profile Reports – one for each county in the state. The reports outline climate projections for extreme heat, sea level rise, wildfires, drought and air quality, as well as climate related health risks and indicators for social vulnerability.  Adaptation strategies are outlined for each county also, to address these public health impacts.

Related Organizations: California Department of Public Health

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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2016 Report on the Health of Colorado’s Forests: Fire and Water

January 2017

The 2016 Colorado State Forest Service (CSFS) report provides information on the health of Colorado’s 24. 4 million acres of forested land framed by the role that fire and water play in the state’s forest ecosystems. The report also details the impact of insects and diseases, especially the mountain pine beetle epidemic, which has killed over 3 million acres in the state and fueled an increase in forest fires. The CSFS recognizes that these risks, including increasingly severe wildfires, drought and insect infestations are likely to be amplified by climate change in the future.

Related Organizations: Colorado State Forest Service

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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NC ADAPT Adaptive Management Strategies for Farms and Forests

January 2017

The North Carolina Agriculture and Forestry Adaptation (NC ADAPT) Work Group investigates the impacts of climate change on North Carolina’s agriculture and forestry sectors, and has developed adaptive management recommendations that producers can use to build operational climate resilience. The Work Group created four stakeholder teams for Commodity Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Specialty Crops - and developed reports of adaptation needs, priorities and strategies for each of the four focal sectors.

Related Organizations: North Carolina Agriculture and Forestry Adaptation Work Group (NC-Adapt)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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