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The US Economic Impacts of Climate Change and the Costs of Inaction

October 2007

This report presents a review of economic studies for the U. S. , as related to some predicted impacts of climate change. The "costs of inaction" are evaluated - how a failure to reduce greenhouse gases can make response and adaptation to climate impacts even more expensive. The analysis is not focused on the costs of controlling emissions, rather it considers resultant expenses, such as rebuilding communities and other ripple economic effects on many sectors, in order to develop a more comprehensive estimate of financial impact.

Related Organizations: University of Maryland, University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Environmental Research (CIER)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Matthias Ruth, Dana Coelho, Daria Karetnikov

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Florida and Climate Change: The Costs of Inaction

November 2007

This report was the first detailed analysis of the potential consequences of continued climate change for the state of Florida's economy. The report concludes that, if left unchecked, climate change will significantly harm Florida’s economy in the next several decades, and that impacts on just three sectors - tourism, electric utilities, and real estate - together with effects of hurricanes, would shrink Florida’s Gross State Product by 5% by the end of the century.

Related Organizations: Tufts University

Authors or Affiliated Users: Elizabeth Stanton, Frank Ackerman

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Ramifications of Climate Change for Chesapeake Bay Hypoxia

December 2007

This paper examines how both climate variability and potential climate change can affect hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay and can present additional challenges to ongoing ecosystem restoration. It is one of four case studies in a report entitled, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. Past observations are used to elucidate the multiple influences of climate on hypoxia and its consequences to the Bay ecosystems.

Related Organizations: University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Donald F. Boesch, Victoria J. Coles, David G. KimmelW. David Miller

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The Heat is On: Climate Change and Heatwaves in the Midwest

December 2007

This paper from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change) reviews the projected intensity and frequency of heat waves in the Midwestern United States for the 21st century, potential public health ramifications and related adaptation options. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines the impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U.

Related Organizations: National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kris Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Coastal Flooding in the Northeast United States Due to Climate Change

December 2007

This report assesses the affects of sea level rise (SLR) on storm surge and flooding in the northeastern United States.   In this study, historical sea level information for storm surge anomalies at five sites in the region (from Massachusetts to New Jersey) was compiled and the impacts of climate change and local sea level effects were then added to this analysis. The change in recurrence intervals of storm surges due to possible SLR scenarios is estimated. Also, the study compares the boundaries of a 100-year coastal storm flooding event in Boston developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) with the flooding boundaries of these estimated storm surges for 2005 and 2100 to further prepare for the potential social and economic impacts of climate change on coastal areas.

Related Organizations: Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA), Tufts University, University of Massachusetts

Authors or Affiliated Users: Chris Watson, Paul Kirshen, Ellen Douglas, Allen Gontz, Jawon Lee, Yong Tian

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Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate

December 2007

This paper describes the current and projected impacts on Gulf coast wetlands from land development and water management practices, in concert with the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, flooding as well as sea-level rise. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. .

Related Organizations: Louisiana State University, The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Author or Affiliated User: Robert R. Twilley

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Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States

December 2007

This report presents four case studies of climate change impacts in different regions of the country: The Heat is On: Climate Change & Heatwaves in the Midwest; The Importance of Climate Change for Future Wildfire Scenarios in the Western United States; Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate; and Ramifications of Climate Change for Chesapeake Bay Hypoxia (also in the clearinghouse as individual entries). Each case study focuses on a specific type of impact of particular concern to a U.

Related Organizations: University of Maryland, Louisiana State University, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Oregon State University, The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kristie L. Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl, Dominique Bachelet, Robert R. Twilley, Donald F. Boesch

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The Importance of Climate Change for Future Wildfire Scenarios in the Western United States

December 2007

This report reviews current and projected climate variables that may affect the frequency and severity of wildfires in the Western U. S. for the 21st century. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, titled "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. This section summarizes projections for the 21st century from vegetation models that integrate knowledge of past fire occurrence to simulate changes in fire patterns and their effect on carbon sequestration in western states.

Related Organizations: Oregon State University, The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), U.S. Forest Service (USFS)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Dominique Bachelet, James M. Lenihan, Ronald P. Neilson

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Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability - Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

2007

This report summarizes current scientific understanding of the impacts of climate change on natural, managed, and human systems around the world, the capacity of these systems to adapt, and their vulnerability. It builds upon past IPCC assessments and incorporates new knowledge gained since the Third Assessment. Consistent with all IPCC reports, the WGII contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report is a comprehensive assessment of the peer-reviewed published literature and selected gray literature on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability.

Related Organizations: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Martin L. Parry, Osvaldo F. Canziani, Jean P. Palutikof, Paul J. van der Linden, Clair E. Hanson

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The Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation (TRB Special Report 290)

2008

This report was published by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies in order to provide guidance to federal, state and local transportation decision makers - with the intention of building the capacity to create adaptation strategies. It identifies ways transportation infrastructure, across different modes and in a variety of U.S. regions, will be impacted by climate change, and makes strategic recommendations. 

Related Organizations: Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies, The National Academies

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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