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Global Climate Change and Wildlife

February 6, 2007

This 2007 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report for Congress addresses three topics: climate change effects on wildlife, the ability for wildlife to adapt to climate change, and policy implications. This high-level report identifies potential legislative implications that could result from climate change. For example, wildlife laws and management plans developed with an understanding of the life history, distribution, and habitat needs of species may warrant assessments to see if they function as desired under projected climate conditions.

Related Organizations: Congressional Research Service (CRS)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Pervaze A. Sheikh; M. Lynne Corn, Jane A. Leggett, Peter Folger

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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New York City Zoning Code - Permeable pavement requirements

2007

Since 2007, New York City’s zoning code has required parking lots for community facilities to allow permeable pavements where appropriate. Parking lots with more than 18 spaces or more than 6,000 sq ft must capture stormwater through perimeter plantings and planting islands. The lot must be properly graded to drain runoff to those plantings. Both types of plantings must include trees of a certain diameter and spacing, and all vegetation must be from a list of pre-approved species. The objectives of these zoning requirements are to better manage stormwater on parking lots and reduce urban temperatures by providing shade.

Related Organizations: City of New York, New York

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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East Hampton, New York Coastal Erosion Overlay District

July 2006

Adopted by the Town of East Hampton, New York in 2006, this ordinance (Town of East Hampton Code, Section 255-3-80) includes provisions, among others, to create a Coastal Erosion Overlay District to protect the town's coastline from the effects of coastal erosion measures (i. e. , projects designed to control or prevent coastal flooding and erosion and adjacent upland areas, including coastal ecosystems) in areas at risk of flooding and erosion. The town's natural resources include wetlands, watercourses, tidal waters, natural drainage areas, watersheds, and water recharge areas, as well as beaches, dunes, bluffs, and other coastal features.

Related Organizations: Town of East Hampton, New York

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maine Sand Dune Rules

June 8, 2006

Maine’s coastal sand dunes are resources of state significance under Maine's Natural Resources Protection Act (NRPA) (38 Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 480-A. ) To protect these coastal features, the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) established these rules to provide guidance to applicants seeking permits under the NRPA for certain activities in a coastal sand dune system. DEP evaluates proposed developments with consideration of the projected impacts of sea level rise, and may impose restrictions on the density and location of development.

Related Organizations: Maine Department of Environmental Protection

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Alaska HCR 30: Created the Alaska Climate Impact Commission (2006)

May 2006

In May 2006, the Alaska Legislature adopted House Concurrent Resolution 30, creating an Alaska Climate Impact Commission. The Commission was charged with assessing the impacts and costs of climate change to Alaska and developing recommendations for preventative measures potentially implemented by Alaskan communities and governments. The eleven-member commission released its final report in March 2008. 

Related Organizations: State of Alaska

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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King County (Washington) Executive Order on Land Use Strategies for Global Warming Preparedness

March 22, 2006

In March 2006, King County, Washington Executive Ron Sims issued Executive Orders on Global Warming Preparedness that directed King County to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for anticipated climate change impacts. This order requires that King County Departments employ coordinated strategies of land use to mitigate and adapt to global warming.

Related Organizations: King County, Washington

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Executive Order S-03-05 - Global warming impacts

June 1, 2005

On June 1, 2005, Governor Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order S-03-05, requiring the Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to report to the Governor and the state legislature by January 2006, and every two years afterwards, on the impacts of global warming to California.

Related Organizations: California Office of the Governor

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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St. George, Utah Erosion Hazard Zones and Flood Damage Prevention Ordinance

1999

St. George, Utah established Erosion Hazard Zones (EHZ) adjacent to its rivers based on a 100-year planning period. The City incorporated the EHZ into their Flood Damage Prevention Ordinance in 1999. The ordinance does not prohibit development, but allows for better consideration of, and mitigation of, flooding and erosion risks.

Related Organizations: City of St. George, Utah

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Rising Seas, Coastal Erosion, and the Takings Clause: How to Save Wetlands and Beaches Without Hurting Property Owners 

1998

This law review article discusses ways in which states can protect their public trust lands from sea-level rise while remaining respectful of property owners' rights and investments. The article examines land use planning options by which coastal states might retain some of their public trust tidelands 'in perpetuity' no matter how much the sea rises, at least in areas that have not yet been developed.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Author or Affiliated User: James Titus

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

February 11, 1994

On February 11, 1994, President Clinton signed E.O. 12898 which directs federal agencies to make achieving environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing disproportionately high and adverse human health, environmental, economic and social effects of its activities on minority and low-income populations.  Agencies are further directed to identify potential effects and mitigation measures in consultation with affected communities.

Related Organizations: Federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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