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Climate Change and Massachusetts Fish and Wildlife Reports

April 2010

In April 2010, the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife (MassWildlife) and Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences published a series of three reports that address the impact of climate change on ecosystems and species. Funded by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Doris Duke Foundation, the objective was to make "climate-smart" the State's existing State Wildlife Action Plan (SWAP). The SWAP provides a roadmap for the conservation of wildlife and habitat in the state, including 22 critical habitat types and 257 priority animals in need of conservation action.

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EPA Fact Sheet: Climate Change and Ecosystems

April 2010

From the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this document briefly summarizes the impacts of climate change on ecosystems.

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Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

2010

Evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism. This report, requested by Congress, reviews the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems, the chemistry of seawater, and the physiology of marine organisms. The report reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program.

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Moving Towards Climate Change Adaptation: the Promise of the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative for Addressing the Region's Vulnerability to Climate Disruption

2010

The purpose of this report is to provide an up-to-date review of the extent to which climate change is occurring in the Yellowstone to Yukon (Y2Y) region of the US and Canadian Rocky Mountains, and to assess the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative's vision and programs as an effective response to climate disruption.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Lisa Graumlich, Wendy L. Francis

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A Framework for Categorizing the Relative Vulnerability of Threatened and Endangered Species to Climate Change (External Review Draft)

November 2009

The framework presented in this report may be used to categorize the relative vulnerability of species to climate change. There are four modules that compose this framework. These modules walk the user through a systematic process for (1) categorizing a species’ baseline vulnerability to extinction or major population reduction, (2) categorizing a species’ vulnerability to future climate change, (3) developing a matrix that provides an overall score of the species’ vulnerability to non-climate and climate change stressors, and (4) qualitatively determining the uncertainty in the estimate of a species’ vulnerability.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Hector Galbraith, Jeff Price

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The Capacity and Likelihood of Climate Change Adaptation in the World's Fisheries

February 13, 2008

Contributing scientists have calculated the likely impact of climate change on the distribution of more than 1,000 species of fish around the world. This research was carried out by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA), the Sea Around Us project at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and Princeton University.

Authors or Affiliated Users: William Cheung, Vicky Lam, Jorge Sarmiento, Kelly Kearney, Reg Watson, Daniel Pauly

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Assessing the Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species

2008

This report presents a conceptual framework and review of the interactive effects of climate change and invasive species in freshwater ecosystems. It explains the complex interactions between climate change and invasive species that will influence how aquatic ecosystems and their biota will respond to fluctuating environmental conditions.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Frank J. Rahel, Julian D. Olden

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Hotter and Drier: The West's Changed Climate

March 2008

Comparing average temperatures in the last five years to 20th century averages, the West has experienced 70 percent more warming than the world as a whole. This report assesses impacts the West faces with rising temperatures and changes in precipitation levels and patterns. Chapters 6 and 7 provide an overview of mitigation actions to date (2008) and makes high-level recommendations for policymakers. Appendix A provides a 100-year analysis of warming for each of the 11 states in the West (1908-2007).

Authors or Affiliated Users: Stephen Saunders, Charles Montgomery, Tom Easley, Theo Spencer

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Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research

March 2008

The report is intended for managers and scientists working with AIS to provide them with information on the potential effects of climate change on AIS, strategies for adapting their management to accommodate these environmental changes, and highlight further research needs and gaps. Invasive species are one of the leading causes of degraded ecological condition and ecosystem services, and climate change has the potential to interact with this stressor through multiple mechanisms. The report assesses the state of the science of climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS).

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The Chesapeake Bay and Global Warming: A Paradise Lost for Hunters, Anglers, and Outdoor Enthusiasts?

September 2007

The National Wildlife Federation maintains a Chesapeake Bay and Global Warming webpage on which this report and other resources are available (scroll down to find the heading and link). This report focuses on the threat that global warming poses for fish and wildlife in the Chesapeake Bay region.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amanda Staudt, Douglass B. Inkley, Patty Glick

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