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National Park Service Coastal Adaptation Strategies Handbook

October 31, 2016

The National Park Service (NPS) has developed the Coastal Adaptation Strategies Handbook to support coastal area park responses to the climate change effects associated with coastal storms and sea level rise. This handbook reviews climate change impacts on coastal parks; identifies useful resources and adaptation strategies; provides examples of approaches to address coastal vulnerabilities from NPS as an agency and for individual parks, and offers policy and decision-making guidelines. The report provides guidance for NPS managers, partners, and other practitioners in selecting and implementing climate change adaptation strategies in estuarine and coastal areas, including the Great Lakes.

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City of Tybee Island, Georgia, Sea-Level Rise Adaptation Plan

April 17, 2016

Tybee Island is a barrier island located 18 miles away from Savannah, Georgia - accessible only by a single causeway. The Tybee Island Sea-Level Rise Adaptation Plan identifies how more frequent coastal flooding and sea-level rise could impact low-lying infrastructure on the island; and provides a synthesis of the public engagement processes, technical research, and sea-level rise adaptation strategies.  The City of Tybee Island partnered with Georgia Sea Grant, the University of Georgia, and Stetson University to develop this sea-level rise adaptation plan.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jason M. Evans, Jill Gambill, Robin J. McDowell, P. Warwick Prichard, Charles S. Hopkinson

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San Francisco Sea Level Rise Action Plan

March 2016

Led by San Francisco Planning and San Francisco Public Works, the Sea Level Rise Action Plan describes the objectives for future sea level rise and coastal flooding planning and mitigation in the City and County of San Francisco, California. The plan summarizes current climate science, relevant policies and regulations, and vulnerability and risk assessments conducted to date; provides a roadmap with both short-term and long-term sea level rise adaptation actions; and establishes a framework for further assessment, adaptation planning, and implementation.

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Maryland Coast Smart Community Scorecard

The Coast Smart Community Scorecard is a self-assessment tool for coastal communities in Maryland that offers a practical method to assess preparedness for coastal hazards and climate change impacts. The Scorecard provides a mechanism for planners, natural resource managers, emergency management professionals and other local officials to identify ways that they can integrate coastal hazard impacts into existing planning, management, and regulatory programs.

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Virginia Coastal Resilience Master Planning Framework

In October 2020, the Commonwealth of Virginia published the Virginia Coastal Resilience Master Planning Framework (Framework), which presents the Commonwealth's strategy for implementing coastal protection and adaptation measures to increase the flood resilience of coastal communities and economies. The Framework presents the core principles of the Commonwealth's approach to coastal adaptation and protection and describes how Virginia will develop and implement its first Coastal Resilience Master Plan (Master Plan) by the end of 2021.

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Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas — State of Hawaii: Assessing the Feasibility and Implications of Managed Retreat Strategies for Vulnerable Coastal Areas in Hawaii

February 2019

In February 2019, the State of Hawaii Office of Planning, Coastal Zone Management Program (CZMP), published a report: Assessing the Feasibility and Implications of Managed Retreat Strategies for Vulnerable Coastal Areas in Hawaii (report). CZMP drafted the report in response to a request for the state to evaluate the potential for a managed retreat program in Hawaii. In developing the report, CZMP designed and implemented a three-phased approach that consisted of conducting background research; evaluating how retreat could apply in four different area typologies; and convening an interdisciplinary symposium to engage experts and stakeholders. As a result, CZMP concluded that it is not currently possible for Hawaii to develop a step-by-step plan to implement managed retreat for areas in the state threatened by sea-level rise and other coastal hazards; however, the report contains recommendations for potential next steps, including assembling an interdisciplinary committee to work towards achieving a statewide consensus about a managed retreat vision and efforts to formulate a retreat strategy. Both Hawaii’s three-phased approach and the final report provide helpful examples of how one state designed and implemented a comprehensive process led by its CZMP to evaluate the potential for retreat. This case study is one of 17 case studies featured in a report written by the Georgetown Climate Center, Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas: Lessons and Tools from 17 Case Studies.

 

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Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas — Punta Gorda, Florida: Climate Adaptation and Comprehensive Plans and Updates

July 15, 2020

The harborside city of Punta Gorda, Florida has responded to the threat of coastal storms and climate change impacts with two different plans - a Climate Adaptation Plan and a local comprehensive plan - to promote, manage, and protect the city’s natural resources and plan for development in a way that minimizes risks to people and property and conserves ecosystems. The Adaptation Plan is unique because it was developed through a “citizen-driven process” designed to identify effective local responses to climate change and includes a variety of adaptation options that enjoy broad community support, including managed retreat or “planned relocation.” The city incorporated the Climate Adaptation Plan into its comprehensive plan to ensure that climate change is considered in land-use decisionmaking efforts. In 2019, the city released an update to its Adaptation Plan that identifies the city’s progress to date and future adaptation actions the city could consider implementing. Punta Gorda provides a useful example of how effective community engagement can enhance adaptation planning and build community support for managed retreat strategies and how adaptation plans can be used to inform future land-use decisions to ensure safer, more resilient development. This case study is one of 17 case studies featured in a report written by the Georgetown Climate Center, Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas: Lessons and Tools from 17 Case Studies.

 

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Louisiana Strategic Adaptations for Future Environments (LA SAFE) Adaptation Strategies

May 2019

Louisiana Strategic Adaptations for Future Environments (LA SAFE) is a community-based planning and capital investment process that will help the state fund and implement several projects, including for managed retreat, to make its coasts more resilient. In 2016, Louisiana’s Office for Community Development–Disaster Recovery Unit received a nearly $40 million grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development through the National Disaster Resilience Competition and additional state and nongovernmental funds to implement LA SAFE. The grant will support the design and implementation of ten resilience projects to address impacts in six coastal parishes that were affected by Hurricane Isaac in 2012 (Jefferson, Lafourche, Plaquemines, St. John the Baptist, St. Tammany, and Terrebonne). Building on LA SAFE’s community-driven framework for adaptation and the ten state-funded projects, the state is continuing to work with the six parishes to mainstream and institutionalize adaptation and resilience at both the regional and parish levels. In May 2019, the state released a regional adaptation strategy and six parish-level strategies to support long-term adaptation planning. Each strategy follows LA SAFE’s framework for identifying projects to meet different adaptation and development goals based on flood risk to ensure that future regional and local projects are similarly designed to advance comprehensive approaches. These strategies will assist the parishes to develop and invest in additional projects that will be more resilient to coastal impacts over the state's 50-year planning horizon and achieve multiple benefits for communities. These strategies can serve as an example for other state, regional, and local jurisdictions considering long-term, comprehensive planning for adaptation and managed retreat. 

 

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California Sea-Level Rise Guidance - 2018 Update

March 14, 2018

The Ocean Protection Council’s 2018 update of the California Sea-Level Rise Guidance is designed in support of state agencies and local governments preparation for and adaption to sea-level rise (SLR). The report includes a step-by-step approach to SLR risk analysis, and incorporating these projections into planning, permitting, and investment decisions. Recommended adaptation strategies are given for priorities such as bolstering the resilience vulnerable communities and coastal habitats, and incorporating climate change impacts into project design and coastal planning.

Author or Affiliated User: Jennifer Phillips

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Florida Adaptation Planning Guidebook

June 2018

The Florida Adaptation Planning Guidebook, developed at the culmination of the state's multi-year Community Resiliency Initiative, provides a step-by-step framework to assist local governments in Florida with preparing for the impacts of sea-level rise, particularly impacts of coastal flooding and erosion, and changes in ecosystems. The guidebook describes the steps of adaptation planning in the context of existing requirements and optional designations under state legislation passed since 2011, including the optional Adaptation Action Areas designation (Community Planning Act) and the requirements to consider sea-level rise in redevelopment policies (SB 1094, Peril of Flood Act).

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