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A Discussion of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Shorelines of the Northeastern USA

July 10, 2007

This report, prepared for the 2007 Northeast Climate Impact Assessment (see separate entry), provides a broad overview of how sea-level rise will impact the coast of the northeastern United States. Different possible rates of sea-level rise and the primary impact of shoreline retreat is discussed. The report explains how local features determine the extent of shoreline retreat in a given area and addresses how sea-level rise could affect different ecosystems, including estuaries, salt marshes, and barrier island systems.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrew D. Ashton, Jeffrey P. Donnelly, Rob L. Evans

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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The Resilient Coast: Policy Frameworks for Adapting the Built Environment to Climate Change and Growth in Coastal Areas of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico

August 2007

This report assesses policies and governance structures to mitigate hazards on the U. S. Gulf Coast, and makes recommendations for coastal communities to adapt to the impacts they will face due to climate change. Existing federal and state frameworks for coastal land use and hazard mitigation planning in the Gulf are explored. The strengths and weaknesses of federal laws (including the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the Coastal Zone Management Act and the National Flood Insurance Program), as well as state and local planning authorities in the Gulf states, are presented.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John S. Jacob, Stephanie Showalter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Role of Coastal Zone Management Programs in Adaptation to Climate Change - Final Report of the CSO Climate Change Work Group

September 2007

The Coastal States Organization’s (CSO) Climate Change Work Group prepared this report to explore the current and future roles of state coastal zone management programs in addressing climate change.

Resource Category: Monitoring and Reporting

 

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Ramifications of Climate Change for Chesapeake Bay Hypoxia

December 2007

This paper examines how both climate variability and potential climate change can affect hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay and can present additional challenges to ongoing ecosystem restoration. It is one of four case studies in a report entitled, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. Past observations are used to elucidate the multiple influences of climate on hypoxia and its consequences to the Bay ecosystems.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Donald F. Boesch, Victoria J. Coles, David G. KimmelW. David Miller

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Coastal Flooding in the Northeast United States Due to Climate Change

December 2007

This report assesses the affects of sea level rise (SLR) on storm surge and flooding in the northeastern United States.   In this study, historical sea level information for storm surge anomalies at five sites in the region (from Massachusetts to New Jersey) was compiled and the impacts of climate change and local sea level effects were then added to this analysis. The change in recurrence intervals of storm surges due to possible SLR scenarios is estimated. Also, the study compares the boundaries of a 100-year coastal storm flooding event in Boston developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) with the flooding boundaries of these estimated storm surges for 2005 and 2100 to further prepare for the potential social and economic impacts of climate change on coastal areas.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Chris Watson, Paul Kirshen, Ellen Douglas, Allen Gontz, Jawon Lee, Yong Tian

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate

December 2007

This paper describes the current and projected impacts on Gulf coast wetlands from land development and water management practices, in concert with the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, flooding as well as sea-level rise. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. .

Author or Affiliated User: Robert R. Twilley

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Assessment of Redefining Florida's Coastal High Hazard Area

January 2008

This report examines how a 2006 legislative change to Coastal High Hazard Area (CHHA) policies of HB 1359 changed the CHHA boundaries and may compromise resiliency and land development in Florida's coastal communities, particularly in light of concerns regarding climate change and sea-level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: James F. Murley, Ana Puszkin Chevlin, Ann-Margaret Esnard, Rachel Kalin

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Preparing for a Sea Change in Florida: A Strategy to Cope with the Impacts of Global Warming on the State's Coastal and Marine Systems

2008

This report by the Florida Coastal and Ocean Coalition details how climate change could impact the state's coastal areas, and broadly outlines possible adaptation solutions. It is intended to provide guidelines for concrete, science-based action on the critical issues Florida faces in light of climate change and to stimulate informed debate for the preservation of Florida's natural resources.

Author or Affiliated User: Patty Glick

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Sea Level Rise in the Coastal Waters of Washington State

January 2008

This scientific analysis provides low, medium, and high estimates of sea-level rise for the Northwest Olympic Peninsula, Central and Southern Coasts, and Puget Sound areas for 2050 and 2100, to support both public and private investment and other decision making. The authors examine four key factors that influence local SLR, including thermal expansion of the ocean, melting land ice, local winds, and local land changes (e. g. from tectonic movement and isostatic rebound), to calculate these projections.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Alexander Petersen, Spencer Reeder, Hugh Shipman, Lara Whitely Binder

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Massachusetts StormSmart Coasts Program

2008

StormSmart Coasts is a program for coastal management decision makers and communities, providing the latest and best information on coastal weather and climate hazards. The successful launch of the Massachusetts StormSmart Coasts initiative in 2008 led to the development of a national network in 2009. The network is a partnership of coastal decision makers supported by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Coastal Services Center, Northeast Regional Ocean Council, Gulf of Mexico Alliance, and others which represent the StormSmart Coasts Network.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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