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Coastal Flooding in the Northeast United States Due to Climate Change

December 2007

This report assesses the affects of sea level rise (SLR) on storm surge and flooding in the northeastern United States.   In this study, historical sea level information for storm surge anomalies at five sites in the region (from Massachusetts to New Jersey) was compiled and the impacts of climate change and local sea level effects were then added to this analysis. The change in recurrence intervals of storm surges due to possible SLR scenarios is estimated. Also, the study compares the boundaries of a 100-year coastal storm flooding event in Boston developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) with the flooding boundaries of these estimated storm surges for 2005 and 2100 to further prepare for the potential social and economic impacts of climate change on coastal areas.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Chris Watson, Paul Kirshen, Ellen Douglas, Allen Gontz, Jawon Lee, Yong Tian

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Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate

December 2007

This paper describes the current and projected impacts on Gulf coast wetlands from land development and water management practices, in concert with the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, flooding as well as sea-level rise. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. .

Author or Affiliated User: Robert R. Twilley

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Effects of Climate Change on Florida's Ocean and Coastal Resources

June 2009

The Florida Oceans and Coastal Council prepared this report in 2009 to provide a foundation for future discussions of the effects of global climate change on Florida's ocean and coastal resources, and to inform Floridians about the current state of scientific knowledge regarding climate change. The report provides a high-level overview of the impacts to infrastructure, human health and the economy, as well as key drivers such as increasing air temperatures, warming ocean temperatures, and sea level rise.

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Impacts of Global Warming on Hurricane-Related Flooding in Corpus Christi, Texas

June 2009

An analysis of impacts to Corpus Christi, Texas was undertaken to help understand and quantify the potential impacts of global warming on coastal flooding and related damages. The city’s location on the Gulf of Mexico makes it particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. If sea-level rise projections and the hurricane intensification scenarios used in this analysis are realized, significant increases in flood levels are projected, especially under higher emissions scenarios. This is projected to lead to major economic consequences resulting from increased property damage and displacement of families and businesses.

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The Impacts of Sea-Level Rise on the California Coast

May 2009

Provided by the California Energy Commission's Climate Change Center, this study includes a detailed analysis of California's infrastructure, property, and current population at risk from projected sea-level rise, as well as the cost of building structural measures to reduce that risk. Specifically, it identifies the risks of flooding and erosion to specific populations, roads, railways, power plants, water treatment plants, ports and airports, emergency and healthcare facilities, wetlands, coastal and San Francisco Bay properties, and groundwater aquifers.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Matthew Heberger, Heather Cooley, Pablo Herrera, Peter H. Gleick, Eli Moore

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An Adaptation Portfolio for the United States Coastal and Marine Environment

June 2009

This report presents a suite of federal, state and local policy actions to enhance the resilience of human and natural systems to the effects of climate change and variability for marine and coastal environments. Strategies discussed include: investments in habitat restoration, permitting decisions under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, the purchase of coastal lands, controls for reducing non-point and point source pollution upstream of intertidal estuaries, the inspection and prevention of invasive species, marine protected areas (MPAs), incentive‐based fishery management policies, and in general a better definition of rights to marine and coastal resources that creates stewardship incentives.

Authors or Affiliated Users: David Kling, James N. Sanchirico

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The Socio-Economic Impact of Sea Level Rise in the Galveston Bay Region

June 2009

This report seeks to illustrate the impact that climate change can have on communities in the Galveston Bay region. It focuses on two scenarios of sea-level rise,. 69 meters and 1. 5 meters, and the associated socio-economic impact on the Galveston Bay area for the next 100 years. For each of the model scenarios estimates are given for the impact on displaced populations; the number of buildings impacted and building-related economic losses; industrial, hazardous, superfund, solid waste sites; and water treatment plants.

Authors or Affiliated Users: David W. Yoskowitz, James Gibeaut, Ali McKenzie

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.1: Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region

January 2009

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009 by the U. S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), collaborated on this report that discusses the impacts of sea-level rise on the physical characteristics of the coast, on coastal communities, and the habitats that depend on them in Mid-Atlantic coastal environments.

Authors or Affiliated Users: James G. Titus, K. Eric Anderson, Donald R. Cahoon, Dean B. Gesch, Stephen K. Gill, Benjamin T. Gutierrez, E. Robert Thieler, S. Jeffress Williams

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Hazard Awareness and Risk Mitigation in Integrated Coastal Area Management

2009

This report from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) provides broad guidelines for coastal planners related to the risks presented by tsunamis, storm surge, extreme wind-forced waves, coastal erosion, and the effects rising sea levels. These guidelines are intended to assist federal and local policy makers and coastal managers and planners in the reduction of the risks to coastal communities, their infrastructure, and service-providing ecosystems from coastal hazards being exacerbated by climate change.

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The Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of Guam

December 2008

This report provides an assessment of the status of the coral reef ecosystems of Guam between 2004 and 2007. The findings of various monitoring activities, assessments, and stand-alone investigations conducted by local and federal agencies, educational/research institutions, and government contractors since 2004 were synthesized to obtain an updated, holistic view of the status of Guam’s reefs. Climate change is addressed as a significant factor in the decline of the coral reef in Guam.   'Climate Change, Coral Bleaching, and Ocean Acidification' is a sub-section of the report explaining that coral bleaching is an emerging threat, and will likely grow more severe with increasing sea surface temperatures associated with global climate change.

Authors or Affiliated Users: D. Burdick, V. Brown, J. Asher, C. Caballes, M. Gawel, L. Goldman, A. Hall, J. Kenyon, T. Leberer, E. Lundblad, J. McIlwain, J. Miller, D. Minton, M. Nadon, N. Pioppi, L. Raymundo, B. Richards, R. Schroeder, P. Schupp, E. Smith, B. Zgliczynski

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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