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State Hazard Mitigation Plans and Climate Change: Rating the States

November 2013

In accordance with federal law, all states must have an approved statewide hazard mitigation plan (SHMP) in order to receive federal disaster mitigation funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The 50-state survey considers to what extent and in what manner climate change related issues are incorporated into existing plans, with all states categorized and ranked. The SHMPs analyzed were all approved by FEMA during the period 2010 to 2012, with the exceptions of Indiana (the latest version available was from 2008), New Hampshire and Vermont (the 2013 draft versions were used).

Related Organizations: Columbia University

Author or Affiliated User: Matthew Babcock

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Ready and Resilient: A Guide to Extreme Weather for Saint Paul Residents

June 2014

This report, aimed at residents, provides a climate impact assessment for St. Paul, Minnesota and educates city residents on measures they can take to protect themselves. 

Authors or Affiliated Users: Samantha Burlager, Akilah Sanders-Reed

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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The Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes

July 11, 2014

‘The Atlas of Mortality and Economic Losses from Weather, Climate and Water Extremes 1970-2012’ describes the distribution and impacts of weather, climate, and water-related disasters and highlights measures to increase resilience. The report considers the importance of historical, geo-referenced information about deaths and damages to estimate risks before the next disaster occurs. This information is intended to support practical decisions on reducing potential impacts by, for example, improved early warning systems, retrofitting critical infrastructure, or enforcing new building codes.

Related Organizations: World Meteorological Organization (WMO) , Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) of the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Mapping Urban Risk: Flood Hazards, Race, and Environmental Justice in New York

January 1, 2009

This paper applies a more nuanced method for mapping population data to estimate the number of people potentially impacted by flood hazards in New York City.  The authors find that the number of people living in the floodplain in New York City is undercounted by traditional mapping methods by 37-72% compared to their method, and that this undercounting was not evenly spread across racial and ethnic groups. The paper also provides a literature review that outlines: why and how various groups of people may be impacted differently by the same disaster event, a review of environmental justice more broadly, and an overview of flood hazards in the U.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Juliana Mantaay, Andrew Maroko

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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FEMA Threat and Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (THIRA)

The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) is a 4 step common risk assessment process that supports a community in understanding its natural hazard risks, and estimating capability requirements. The THIRA process helps communities map their risks to the core capabilities, enabling them to determine desired outcomes, capability targets, and the resources required to achieve their capability targets. 

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Coastal Storm Surge Scenarios for Water Utilities

December 2011

The Coastal Storm Surge Scenarios for Water Utilities, created by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), provides a visual representation using a map interface of hurricane strike frequency and worst-case coastal storm surge inundation scenarios (Storm surge inundation refers to the abnormal rise of water generated by a storm, over and above the predicted astronomical tides). This map aims to illuminate historical trends in coastal storm surges and flooding, in order to aid decision-makers tasked with improving coastal resiliency and emergency preparedness.

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Hazards - United States (Hazus)

Hazards-United States (Hazus) is a nationally applicable standardized methodology that contains models for estimating potential losses from earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes. Hazus uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to estimate physical, economic, and social impacts of disasters. It graphically illustrates the limits of identified high-risk locations due to earthquake, hurricane, and floods. Users can then visualize the spatial relationships between populations and other more permanently fixed geographic assets or resources for the specific hazard being modeled, a crucial function in the pre-disaster planning process.

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Using Geographic Tools to identify industrial and commercial facilities for which pollution prevention efforts may reduce exposure to hazards associated with climate-related flooding

February 2017

This New Jersey focused report describes a Rutgers University project using geospatial analytical tools with environmental, flood, and climate data to inform state and federal program’s operations, local resilience planning, and public awareness. Rutgers researchers created a database of of 1,302 active industrial and commercial facilities in New Jersey and determined their vulnerability to flood impacts as climate conditions change, and the potential future exposures in communities where these facilities reside.

Related Organizations: Rutgers University

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jeanne Herb, Matt Campo, Jennifer Whytlaw

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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FEMA Risk Mapping, Assessment and Planning (Risk MAP)

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Risk MAP provides high quality flood maps and information, tools to better assess the risk from flooding and planning and outreach support to communities to help them take action to reduce flood risk. Each Risk MAP flood risk project is tailored to the needs of each community and may involve different products and services. 

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) and Google Real-Time Road Closure Maps

September 2011

The Google Crisis Response Team and the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) partnered to develop a real-time road closure map for Vermont in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene. This tool provided information on the location and severity of damaged infrastructure so that state government agencies and the public could safely and efficiently navigate Vermont’s roads, and manage the damage in the aftermath of the storm.

Related Organizations: Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans), Google.org

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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