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Updates to the Demographic and Spatial Allocation Models to Produce Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios (ICLUS Version 2)

2017

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s modeling tool, Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios (ICLUS) supports land use and change modeling based on nationwide modeled population, residential development, and impervious surface cover changes by decade to the year 2100. The second version (v2) of ICLUS released in 2017 includes updated population and land use data sets, and addresses limitations identified in ICLUS v1 in both the migration and spatial allocation models. The EPA suggests that improvements in ICLUS v2 facilitate the analysis of scenarios of climate change impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation options - including the use of ICLUS v2 outputs in models projecting emissions from developed land uses to determine consequences for water and air quality endpoints, as well as human health.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Smart Growth Fixes for Climate Adaptation and Resilience: Changing Land Use and Building Codes and Policies to Prepare for Climate Change

January 2017

This report focuses on ways that local governments can prepare for climate change impacts through land use and building policies. The report focuses on smart growth strategies that offer multiple benefits beyond climate preparedness including cost-savings, energy efficiency, increasing transportation options, and building economic opportunities. The strategies presented in the report are categorized as modest adjustments, major modifications, and wholesale changes, in order to help local governments determine which options are most appropriate for their own community.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Change: Improved Federal Coordination Could Facilitate Use of Forward-Looking Climate Information in Design Standards, Building Codes, and Certifications (GAO-17-3)

November 2016 (Rel. Date January 3, 2017)

In this report the Government Accountability Office (GAO) urges the Commerce Department to create a program to share new climate data with organizations that set standards for contractors, architects, housing and highway developers and other construction and engineering groups. In their analysis, GAO found that design standards and building codes generally use historical climate observations rather than forward-looking climate information. In the long-run, this could cost the government billions of dollars in repairs, insurance, and disaster relief.

Related Organizations: U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Subdivision Design and Flood Hazard Areas

2017

From the American Planning Association (APA), this report discusses strategies for using local subdivision ordinances and the site plan review process to enhance flood resilience. Recommendations are given for creating standards that protect natural floodplain function. The report discusses how climate change is increasing flood risks in communities.

Related Organizations: American Planning Association (APA), Association of State Floodplain Managers

Author or Affiliated User: James Schwab

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Comprehensive Open Space Acquisition Strategy 2016-2020 Green Plan For Connecticut

2017

Developed in 2017 by the state’s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP), along with its municipal partners, conservation organizations, and water companies, this update to Connecticut's Green Plan highlights ways for the agency to preserve open space - especially areas that are threatened by development. A 5-Year Action Strategy which covers the period of time from the end of the previous plan through 2020 is included to help unify the efforts of DEEP, stakeholders, and conservation actors with implementation.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Greening Your Community through Cost-Effective LID

This series of five fact sheets explain Low Impact Development (LID), Green Infrastructure (GI), and sustainable design in order to help communities understand and adopt smart land use. This information describes how LID and GI not only help to manage stormwater and improve groundwater supplies, but also can reduce flooding, improve water quality, lower maintenance costs, and increase property values. MassAudubon suggests that preserving existing GI is a first line of defense against climate impacts such as increased storm intensities, while achieving long-term cost savings.

Related Organizations: Massachusetts Audubon Society

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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My Strong Home - Home Risk Mitigation Loans

2017

MyStrongHome is a public-benefit corporation which aims to help homes and communities in coastal areas in South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana to be better protected from extreme weather by financing and managing home upgrades, especially new storm-ready roofs, to meet resilient building standards. By providing an “end-to-end” solution, from assessment and financing through construction and insurance, MyStrongHome makes home risk mitigation more accessible to homeowners.

Resource Category: Funding

 

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OMB Standards and Finance to Support Community Resilience

December 21, 2016

The White House has been coordinating efforts in partnership with insurance and finance leaders on strategic objectives to increase community resilience and insurability since 2014. From the White House Office of Management and Budget, Standards and Finance to Support Community Resilience is designed to identify opportunities for continued collaboration and help ensure that “future investments will be climate smart from the start, that damaged communities build back smarter, and that both public and private sectors are poised to seize new opportunities to achieve resilience.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Modernizing HUD’s Consolidated Planning Process to Narrow the Digital Divide and Increase Resilience to Natural Hazards

December 16, 2016

This final rule updates the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) Consolidated Plan planning process to require states and local governments to consider two additional concepts: 1) the availability of broadband access, and 2) the vulnerability of housing occupied by low- and moderate-income households to natural hazards risks, many of which may be increasing due to climate change. Consolidated Plans are used by state and local governments receiving HUD funds to assess their affordable housing and community development needs, so that they may make place-based investment decisions.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Achieving Urban Resilience: Washington D.C.

December 12, 2016

Achieving Urban Resilience illustrates the environmental, health and economic benefits that Washington, D. C. could gain from citywide adoption of smart surface technologies such as cool roofs, green roofs, solar PV, porous pavements, bio-retention, rainwater harvesting, reflective pavements, permeable pavements, and urban trees. The report quantifies the benefits of adopting cost-effective strategies to manage sun and rainfall at a city level, and documents how the District could save at least $5 billion over 40 years with smart surface strategies.

Related Organizations: District Department of Energy and the Environment (DDOE) - Washington DC, District Department of General Services - Washington DC, Capital E

Authors or Affiliated Users: Greg Kats, Keith Glassbrook

Resource Category: Planning

 

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