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Community Land Trust Brussels, Belgium

December 7, 2020

The Brussels Community Land Trust (CLTB) focuses on providing affordable housing for the most at-risk populations in the capital region of Belgium, such as low-income workers, immigrants, single mothers, seniors and people with disabilities. CLTB focuses on developing multi-family apartment buildings; it has constructed three projects with 48 units and has seven other projects under construction or study that would deliver more than 120 units. It is building highly energy efficient “net zero” housing developments that conform to sustainability requirements established by the Brussels-Capital Region. Several CLTB projects are also incorporating other green design features, such as green roofs, public gardens, and other community spaces to enhance both the environmental and social benefits of the project. It is exploring opportunities to build local energy cooperatives, to leverage incentives to build housing powered by renewable energy sources, and to shift development patterns to enhance access to transit and shift mobility patterns to emphasize biking and walking. CLTB is also working to develop “social economy hubs” in its projects to provide business incubation opportunities for the neighborhood and to support local job creation. For example, one of their development sites had old warehouses and rather than tear those buildings down immediately, CLTB worked with residents to organize temporary uses on the site including pop-up restaurants, cooking classes, and incubation of a catering business.

Author or Affiliated User: Jessica Grannis

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Bristol Community Land Trust, United Kingdom

December 6, 2020

The Bristol Community Land Trust (Bristol CLT) operating in the City of Bristol, in the United Kingdom, presents an example of a CLT that is benefiting from low-cost transfer of city-owned surplus land and delivering sustainable, resilient, affordable housing options for lower-income residents. Bristol CLT is building shared-equity and affordable rental units that meet the highest standards of energy efficiency and incorporate renewable energy with back-up batteries, air-source heat pumps, shared green space, “car share,” and other environmental and social amenities. The city adopted a policy in 2020 that will help the CLT develop affordable housing by recognizing the social, environmental, and economic benefits delivered by a project as part of the “consideration” it receives in exchange for the transfer of the land. This policy will better enable Bristol CLT to access low-cost land by rewarding the unique values of CLT-housing, including engaging residents, building social cohesion, and delivering permanently affordable housing. It also demonstrates how cities can change policies related to how they dispose of surplus lands to facilitate transfers to community-led organizations that will redevelop these properties for publicly beneficial uses, like affordable housing.

Author or Affiliated User: Jessica Grannis

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Resilient Houston - City of Houston, Texas Resilience Strategy

February 2020

Related Organizations: City of Houston, Texas, 100 Resilient Cities

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Community Heat Relief Plan

July 2019

The City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania addresses extreme heat and social disparities in its Beat the Heat Hunting Park Community Heat Relief Plan. The plan provides a roadmap of how to conduct an inclusive climate planning process through a community-based approach to combat urban heat emergencies. Beat the Heat was released in July 2019 by Philadelphia’s Office of Sustainability (OOS), in response to increased heat being identified as one of the main climate change threats in the city. OOS found that communities, where low-income residents and residents of color reside, are also most vulnerable to the heat. To cope with the heat disparities, OOS initiated the Beat the Heat pilot project in Hunting Park, which was identified as the most heat vulnerable neighborhood. The purpose of the project is to learn the causes of heat disparities and utilize a community-driven decision-making process to generate possible solutions for staying cool in the future. The plan is a collaborative work effort of city agencies, Hunting park organizations, residents, and community groups. Through the community engagement process, three priority areas were identified: 1. Staying cool and safe at home, 2. Staying cool and safe in public spaces, and 3. Greening and tree planting. The plan also provides a step-by-step Beat the Heat Toolkit for other urban communities to reduce social inequities and build climate resiliency.   



Related Organizations: City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Vibrant Cities Lab

Vibrant Cities Lab is an online hub promoting the implementation of urban forestry and green infrastructure with the latest research, best practices, and successful case studies from around the country. City managers, policymakers, and advocates can use the information provided to understand the many benefits of urban canopy (including climate adaptation benefits), advocate for equitable tree planting distribution, and build effective urban forestry programs to help build resilient communities.

Related Organizations: American Forests, U.S. Forest Service (USFS), National Association of Regional Councils

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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National Integrated Heat Health Information System - Urban Heat Island Mapping Campaign

2018

The National Integrated Heat Health Information System (NIHHIS) Urban Heat Island Mapping Campaign provides technical and financial support to urban areas to help them identify neighborhoods at greatest risk from heat stress. NIHHIS is an integrated system that develops science-based products and services for urban areas to understand and reduce health risks related to extreme heat, which is likely to increase in frequency and severity in many urban areas as a result of climate change. Cities receive training, loaned equipment, and data processing and other technical support through the Mapping Campaign. Once complete, each participating city has detailed heat distribution data and maps, as well as a final report detailing the work and findings.

Related Organizations: NOAA Climate Program Office, Centers for Disease Control (CDC), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Funding

 

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ND-GAIN Urban Adaptation Assessment

October 2018

The Urban Adaptation Assessment (UAA) is an interactive database within a visual platform to support city leaders in decisionmaking related to climate adaptation and resilience.   The tool utilizes data from over 270 cities within the United States, including all 50 states and Puerto Rico, whose populations are above 100,000. The UAA is free, open source data - in a user friendly tool to help prioritize climate strategies and mechanisms for sustained urban climate resilience.  For each city, indicators of climate vulnerabilities in the built environment, and indicators of social vulnerability are established and mapped at a sub-city or census tract level.

Related Organizations: Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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2018 Green Cincinnati Plan, Ohio: Leveraging Resilience to Become a Climate Haven

April 2018

The City of Cincinnati, Ohio assesses opportunities for local investments in housing and critical services for people relocating in response to climate change in the 2018 Green Cincinnati Plan. The plan is built on three central pillars: Sustainability, Equity and Resilience, and is a strategic document to guide the city’s goals and objectives to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and become more climate resilient. Cincinnati identifies itself as a future “climate haven” that may receive people relocating from more vulnerable areas impacted by climate change, like coastal areas experiencing sea-level rise and flooding. Cincinnati uses the Green Plan to set a roadmap for making preparations to accommodate people moving to the city as a result of this domestic climate “in-migration.” The city has assessed the potential number of people that may relocate there in the future, and conducted a cost-benefit analyses to estimate the fiscal costs for this in-migration. As a result of this analysis, the city proposes how it could move forward with preparing for a new population. This includes identifying future and existing opportunities and programs for supplemental and long-term housing, funding sources to support housing and economic investments, and other “peer” climate haven cities, like Duluth, Minnesota, that can serve as a resource for Cincinnati. Ultimately, Cincinnati finds that it is feasible to become a climate haven, but that it will have to proactively prepare for new residents. The Green Cincinnati Plan can serve as an example for other local jurisdictions anticipating receiving people moving away from their homes in response to climate change.

Related Organizations: City of Cincinnati, Ohio

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Resilient Los Angeles - 100RC Resilience Strategy for Los Angeles, California

March 2, 2018

The City of Los Angeles, California - in partnership with The Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) - released its first citywide Resilience Strategy. The plan describes nearly 100 adaptive actions for extreme events, disaster preparedness and resilient infrastructure, as well as pervasive issues such as social inequities, and climate change. Los Angeles Mayor Garcetti signed an executive directive in conjunction with the Strategy, that requires City departments to appoint Chief Resilience Officers, who will play a significant role in furthering the implementation of the 100 RC strategy.

Related Organizations: City of Los Angeles, California, 100 Resilient Cities

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Upper Manhattan Climate Action Manual

2017

The Upper Manhattan Climate Action Manual describes building resilience to climate change in Upper Manhattan and greater New York City. The manual was designed to complement the Northern Manhattan Climate Action Plan produced in 2015, and further connects climate change resiliency, preparedness, and addressing social inequality in New York City. 

Related Organizations: Center for Social Inclusion

Author or Affiliated User: Aurash Khawarzad

Resource Category: Planning

 

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