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The Urban Implications of Living with Water (Boston, Massachusetts)

October 1, 2014

From the Urban Land Institute (ULI) of Boston/New England, this report examines the threats of climate change in Boston - specifically, sea level rise and its related impacts. The report also provides short-term, mid-term and long-term solutions, which the real estate community and public sector can adopt to improve preparedness and response to the effects of rising seas.

Related Organizations: Urban Land Institute

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Summer in the City: Hot and Getting Hotter

August 20, 2014

In this report from Climate Central, the combined impacts of climate change and urban heat islands are described, as taken from analysis of 60 of the biggest cities across the U.S. The study looked at how much hotter the urban environments are compared to nearby rural areas, and how these temperature differences have been changing since 1970.

Related Organizations: Climate Central

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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City Heights, San Diego Urban Greening Plan

August 5, 2014

The neighborhood of City Heights is centrally located in the San Diego, California metropolitan area. This Urban Greening Plan establishes a system of Green Streets within City Heights based on surrounding land use, traffic intensity, and function of the streets. The plan provides recommendations on how to successfully implement and maintain these Green Streets, and how to improve and protect the public spaces and resources found in the community. It integrates urban forestry through enhancements to the public right-of-way that include a street tree plan and landscape treatments, as well as bicycle and pedestrian facility improvements to increase active transportation, reduce the urban heat island effect and promote a healthy environment.

Related Organizations: City of San Diego, California

Resource Category: Planning

 

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City of Los Angeles Ordinance No.183149: Cool Roof for Reduction of Heat Island Effect

July 2, 2014

The Los Angeles City Council amended the city's Green Building Code to require that all new residential roofs be "cool roofs." The amendments require cool roofs on new and refurbished homes in Los Angeles and sets minimum requirements for cool materials. Starting on October 1, 2014, residential roofing materials were required to meet certain values for their solar reflectance index (a combined measure of solar reflectance and thermal emittance).

Related Organizations: Los Angeles City Council, City of Los Angeles, California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Cool Policies for Cool Cities: Best Practices for Mitigating Urban Heat Islands in North American Cities

June 17, 2014

This survey by the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) and the Global Cool Cities Alliance (GCCA) reviews the urban heat mitigation activities of 26 cities in the U.S. and Canada - representing all of the major climate zones, geographies, and city sizes across North America. They found that heat waves along with other natural disasters and extreme weather has motivated nearly two thirds of the cities surveyed to initiate urban heat island mitigation strategies.

Related Organizations: American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) , Global Cool Cities Alliance

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Prevalence and Cost of Urban Flooding

May 2014

Investigating Cook County, Illinois as a case study, this report assesses the financial cost related to urban flooding between 2007-2011.  Urban flooding as described here can include overflow from rivers and streams, sewage pipe backups, water seepage through building walls and floors, and stormwater accumulation. Cook County is primarily urban and densely populated with the City of Chicago making up approximately 54% of the population. The study found that urban flooding is chronic and often repetitive in this county, costing a total of $773 million in insurance claims over five years.

Related Organizations: Center for Neighborhood Technology, RainReady

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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City Resilience Framework

April 2014

Supported by The Rockefeller Foundation and developed by Arup’s International Development team, the City Resilience Framework is a holistic, evidence-based framework for understanding city resilience to inform urban planning and investment decisions. The Rockefeller Foundation is using the framework to create resilience-building agendas at city-level with current members of their 100 Resilient Cities Network. Presenting an inclusive method for articulating city resilience, the framework underpins and reinforces the City Resilience Index's full suite of indicators and variables.

Related Organizations: The Rockefeller Foundation, Resilient Communities for America, Arup

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Assessing the Health Impacts of Urban Heat Island Reduction Strategies in the Cities of Baltimore, Los Angeles, and New York

2014

The research summarized in this report quantifies the impact that typical urban heat island mitigation strategies - such as reflective roofs, cool pavements, and vegetation - have on ambient conditions and mortality during extreme heat events. The study estimated reductions in heat-related mortality in three cities: Baltimore, Maryland; Los Angeles, California; and New York, New York. The findings of this paper can help urban planners and city officials looking to further quantify the health and life-saving benefits of reducing summer urban heat islands (UHI) with cool surfaces and increased vegetation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jennifer Vanos, Laurence Kalkstein, David Sailor, Kurt Shickman, Scott Sheridan

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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EPA Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies

2008, 2014

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency compendium describes the causes and impacts of urban heat islands, and details green infrastructure strategies and other activities for reducing heat islands. Six reports present the multiple benefits that a community can achieve from implementing heat island reduction strategies. Voluntary and policy efforts undertaken by state and local governments to mitigate urban heat islands are also described.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Ready Boston: Municipal Vulnerability to Climate Change (2013)

October 29, 2013

Boston, Massachusetts' Mayor Thomas M. Menino administration’s report 'Climate Ready Boston: Municipal Vulnerability to Climate Change' identifies ways in which the City has and will prepare for the impacts of climate change on municipal operations. The report presents the assessments and key findings of Boston's Climate Preparedness Task Force. Short- and long-term vulnerabilities were examined for the City's sectors: Facilities and Capital Planning, Transportation and Water Infrastructure, Neighborhoods, and Public Health and Heat.

Related Organizations: City of Boston, Massachusetts

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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