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Coastal Tourism, Sustainability, and Climate Change in the Caribbean

April 20, 2017

From The Center for Responsible Travel (CREST) this 2 volume book examines climate change impacts on the coastal tourism environment, and discusses adaptive solutions that aim to help grow the tourism trade sustainably. Volume I is focused on impacts to Hotels and Beaches, and Volume II on “Supporting Activities” including Golf, Sustainable Food Sourcing, and Airlines and Airports. Both volumes offer essays and case studies by 33 different experts that discuss how tourism sectors in the Caribbean both contribute to, and are impacted by, climate change.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kreg Ettenger, Martha Honey, Samantha Hogenson

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Expanding vulnerability assessment for public lands: The social complement to ecological approaches

January 25, 2017

This report addresses how to measure the social vulnerability of rural populations in the context of public lands management, with an focus on Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands. Recognizing the need to better understand the climate vulnerabilities of those individuals and communities that depend upon resources managed on public lands, and the array of public land uses, federal agencies are asked to take into account both the needs and environmental impacts of human activities.  The paper highlights existing approaches to social vulnerability assessments and presents design principles for holistic social-ecological vulnerability assessments.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Shannon M. McNeeley, Trevor L. Even, John B.M. Gioia, Corrine N. Knapp, Tyler A. Beeton

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Implications of Climate Change for Rhode Island Wastewater Collection and Treatment Infrastructure

March 2017

This assessment for Rhode Island investigates how increasing storm intensities and flooding from climate change can impact wastewater treatment systems, including plants and pump stations throughout the state. The study presents the projected implications of climate change on Rhode Island’s nineteen public wastewater treatment facilities that are at risk of inundation, as by design they utilize low elevations, often in riverine or coastal floodplains. The RI Department of Environmental Management collaborated with the state’s Office of Housing and Community Development to evaluate these natural hazards, and begin integrating climate change considerations into wastewater system planning and design.

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Cambridge, Massachusetts Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment - Part 2

February 2017

The City of Cambridge, Massachusetts has analyzed the climate risks projected for the area from sea level rise, storm surge, and resulting flooding. A summary report and two technical reports are provided which document the modeling of future climate driven sea level rise impacts, and the results of the vulnerability assessment for key assets and populations. This Part 2 report complements the Cambridge Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Part 1 that was published in 2015, which focuses on risks from increasing temperatures and precipitation.

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A global economic assessment of city policies to reduce climate change impacts

May 29, 2017

This report provides a quantitative assessment of the economic costs of the joint impacts of local and global climate change for all main cities around the world. The study was conducted by an international team of economists looking at the combined impact of global and local climate change on urban economies, with a focus on urban heat. Published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the analysis of 1,692 cities shows that the total economic costs of climate change for cities this century could be 2.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Francisco Estrada, W. J. Wouter Botzen, Richard S. J. Tol

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Avoiding Septic Shock: How Climate Change can cause Septic System Failure and Whether New England States are Prepared

February 2017

This white paper discusses climate change impacts on septic systems in New England, and whether states in the region are prepared for these impacts. The paper provides a state-by-state analysis of septic system regulations in New England and discusses how these regulatory frameworks are not fully considering climate change impacts, especially groundwater table rise. It also identifies challenges in septic system regulation, and suggests recommendations and best practices for how states and municipalities can work to change laws, amend rules, or adopt new policies or incentives to better construct, manage, and regulate septic systems to be resilient to climate change.

Author or Affiliated User: Elena Mihaly

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California Heat Assessment Tool (CHAT)

2019

The California Heat Assessment Tool (CHAT) was developed to help state and local public health officials understand how heat vulnerability will change with increasing temperatures due to climate change. The tool helps users identify heat vulnerable areas based upon changes in high heat days under different climate scenarios and social, health and environmental vulnerability factors. The study defines "Heat Health Events" (HHEs) as heat events that cause negative public health impacts - and the study found that vulnerable groups may be more sensitive to high-heat days by as much as 6 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit as compared to the general population.

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NOAA State Climate Summaries

January 10, 2017

The State Climate Summaries from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information consist of observed and projected climate change information for each U.S. state. The summaries describe assessment topics directly related to NOAA’s mission, specifically, historical climate variations and trends, future climate model projections of climate conditions during the 21st century, and past and future conditions of sea level and coastal flooding.

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Medical Alert! Climate Change is Harming Our Health

March 15, 2017

From the newly formed Medical Society Consortium on Climate & Health, this report discusses urgent and compounding public health impacts from climate change.  The Consortium is composed of physicians from 11 medical societies, representing over half of the nation’s doctors, who determined a need to share their concern about the health consequences of climate change with the public.  The opening summary concludes with this: “In sum, we are sounding the alarm that the ultimate danger of climate change is that it poses a danger to the health of every American now and in the future.

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Post Hurricane Sandy Transportation Resilience Study in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut

October 2017

The Federal Highway Administration led a Hurricane Sandy Resiliency Study to inform ways to improve resilience of the tri-state New York - New Jersey - Connecticut region's transportation system and to inform disaster recovery efforts. The study, which began in 2013 and was completed in late 2017, involved a detailed assessment of the impacts and disruption caused by Hurricane Sandy as well as from several other extreme weather events occurring in the area in 2011, and analyzed vulnerability and risk to the tri-state transportation system at three different scales: regional (entire study area), subarea (corridor/small network), and facility.

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