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Heat in U.S. Prisons and Jails: Corrections and the Challenge of Climate Change

August 31, 2015

This paper from the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law addresses how increased temperatures and heat waves caused by climate change affect prisons, jails, and their staff and inmate populations. Recommendations are offered for what correctional departments can do to prepare for greater heat and minimize the dangers it poses.  

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Ecosystem-Service Assessment: Research Needs for Coastal Green Infrastructure

August 2015

The Coastal Green Infrastructure and Ecosystem Services Task Force of the National Science and Technology Council has recommended priority areas of research to support the integration of green infrastructure into coastal resilience planning. This report focuses on the ecosystem services provided by coastal green infrastructure (CGI) and recommends areas for prioritized Federal research to support the integration of CGI.

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Tribal Energy System Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Extreme Weather

September, 2015

From the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy, this report provides an overview of some of the tribal infrastructure and communities' vulnerability to climate change in the U.S. The Department aims to support tribal energy and economic infrastructure resilience by outlining tribal vulnerabilities on a regional level, and providing recommendations to aid tribes in designing more resilient energy infrastructure and management practices.

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Tribal Energy Systems Vulnerability to Climate Change and Extreme Weather

September 2015

This report from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Indian Energy assesses climate change and extreme weather impacts on tribal energy infrastructure and systems in the U.S. It includes information about the impacts from climate change and extreme weather events on both onsite and offsite tribally owned and non-tribally owned energy infrastructure. 

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Adapting to Rising Tides Program: Preserving Shoreline Parks in the Face of Climate Change

September 2015

The Bay Conservation and Development Commission’s (BCDC) Adapting to Rising Tides (ART) Program supports climate adaptation planning across ten shoreline counties in the San Francisco Bay area of California. This report focuses on the East Bay Regional Park District’s (EBRPD) shoreline parks in Contra Costa and Alameda Counties. The ART Program staff worked with EBRPD staff to assess the vulnerability and risk for all EBRPD shoreline parks. The report describes the current condition of those parks the demographics of the populations EBRPD serves, the vulnerability and risks for shoreline parks due to climate change, potential adaptation responses, and recommendations for building shoreline park resilience.

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Oregon Health Authority Climate Health Impact Assessments

2014

Oregon Health Authority (OHA), Oregon’s state public health agency, conducted three climate-focused Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) between 2011 and 2014 in order to determine the potential health benefits of greenhouse gas reduction projects. Requested by Metro Regional Government (Metro), Portland’s regional planning authority for transportation and land use, OHA’s HIA found that adopting the climate strategies proposed by Metro could reduce heart disease, stroke, and diabetes 2-4% by improving air quality and increasing active transportation. The HIAs also focused on the inequities of disease burden based on proximity to high volume roads, leading to increased injuries and respiratory disease, among other impacts; increasing active transportation and reducing the number of vehicles on the road could help to reduce this inequity. From the HIAs, OHA determined that implementing these strategies could also save over $100 million annually in health care costs. The 39-member Advisory Committee that helped shape and give feedback to the HIA included some community representatives and a representative from the Oregon Health Authority’s Office of Equity and Inclusion, but was primarily made up of local and regional government representatives. 

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When You Can’t Go Home - the Gulf Coast 10 Years After Katrina

August 18, 2015

This issue brief by the Center for American Progress discusses how climate change and extreme weather events are contributing to an increase in the displacement of Americans from their homes and communities. The article reviews the impacts of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 including the effects of displacement of 1. 5 million people in the region; and describes the thousands more people that have been displaced by other extreme weather disasters. The analysis recommends several steps that policymakers can take to find and assist climate-displaced people, highlighting the compounded impacts on vulnerable populations.

Author or Affiliated User: Danielle Baussan

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European Road Authorities’ Climate Risk Assessment Tools: RIMAROCC and ROADAPT Projects

May 2015

European nations collaborated on two research projects beginning in 2009 to develop a detailed climate change risk assessment methodology and tools for adapting transportation systems and infrastructure. The first project, entitled “RIMAROCC” (Risk Management for Roads in a Changing Climate), produced a risk assessment framework to support decision-making regarding roads in light of climate change impacts. The more recent “ROADAPT” (Roads for Today, Adapted for Tomorrow) project developed guidelines and tools to be used with the RIMAROCC risk assessment framework, to better inform detailed vulnerability and socioeconomic impact assessments, and selection of adaptation strategies.

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Populations Vulnerable to Climate Change in New Jersey: Update of a Statistical Analysis

June 2015

In order to characterize and locate frontline communities in New Jersey, this study examines the demographic and geographic attributes of socially-vulnerable groups and their exposure to flooding (the cause of nearly all past presidential declarations in the state). The research revealed that a disproportionate number of highly socially-vulnerable census tracts are located in flood hazard areas.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kelly Pflicke (Bickers), Michael Greenberg, Jennifer Whytlaw, Jeanne Herb, Marjorie Kaplan

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MassDOT-FHWA Pilot Project Report: Climate Change and Extreme Weather Vulnerability Assessments and Adaptation Options for the Central Artery

June 2015

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) commissioned a pilot project to assess climate change vulnerability of the Central Artery and Tunnel System (CA/T) for the City of Boston, Massachusetts in 2013 - 2015. Through sea level rise and storm surge modeling for Boston, the study found that this critical transportation system is highly vulnerable to flooding. The pilot team developed adaptation strategies for current and future implementation, and initiated an emergency response plan for tunnel protection.

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