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Estimating Future Costs for Alaska Public Infrastructure at Risk from Climate Change

June 2007

The Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Alaska Anchorage created a model to estimate how much climate change could add to the costs of maintaining public infrastructure in Alaska in the near future (by 2030). This report describes how that model was developed, and presents preliminary estimates of additional public infrastructure costs resulting from climate change. The report concludes that a changing climate could make it 10 to 20 percent more expensive to build and maintain infrastructure, and that climate change induced damages could add $3.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter Larsen, Scott Goldsmith, Orson Smith, Meghan Wilson, Ken Strzepek, Paul Chinowsky, Ben Saylor

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Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability - Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

2007

From the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group II, this report summarizes the 2007 scientific understanding of the impacts of climate change on natural, managed, and human systems around the world, the capacity of these systems to adapt, and their vulnerability. It builds upon past IPCC assessments and incorporates new knowledge gained since the Third Assessment. Consistent with all IPCC reports, the WGII contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report is a comprehensive assessment of the peer-reviewed published literature and selected gray literature on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Martin L. Parry, Osvaldo F. Canziani, Jean P. Palutikof, Paul J. van der Linden, Clair E. Hanson

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The US Economic Impacts of Climate Change and the Costs of Inaction

October 2007

This report presents a review of economic studies for the U. S. , as related to some predicted impacts of climate change. The "costs of inaction" are evaluated - how a failure to reduce greenhouse gases can make response and adaptation to climate impacts even more expensive. The analysis is not focused on the costs of controlling emissions, rather it considers resultant expenses, such as rebuilding communities and other ripple economic effects on many sectors, in order to develop a more comprehensive estimate of financial impact.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Matthias Ruth, Dana Coelho, Daria Karetnikov

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The Chesapeake Bay and Global Warming: A Paradise Lost for Hunters, Anglers, and Outdoor Enthusiasts?

September 2007

The National Wildlife Federation maintains a Chesapeake Bay and Global Warming webpage on which this report and other resources are available (scroll down to find the heading and link). This report focuses on the threat that global warming poses for fish and wildlife in the Chesapeake Bay region.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amanda Staudt, Douglass B. Inkley, Patty Glick

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Climate Change Impacts on Forestry

August 16, 2007

Changing temperature and precipitation patterns and increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2 are likely to drive significant changes in natural and modified forests. This article provides a scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change on forests worldwide giving significant attention to forests in the U. S. This review is focused on publications that discuss the changes in commercial forestry, excluding the ecosystem functions of forests and non-timber forest products. The report concentrates on potential direct and indirect impacts of climate change on the forest industry, including economic impacts, the projections of future trends in commercial forestry, the possible role of biofuels, and changes in supply and demand.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrei P. Kirilenko, Roger A. Sedjo

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Climate and Land Use Change Effects on Ecological Resources in Three Watersheds: A Synthesis Report

August 2007

The effects of global change drivers differ by place and in scale, necessitating place-specific impacts information to enable stakeholders to respond appropriately. Place and scale also determine appropriate adaptation strategies and expected outcomes. Three watershed case study assessments were conducted to advance the capability of managers to consider climate and land use change in watershed management decisions. The case studies were of the San Pedro River Watershed, the Sacramento River Watershed, and several small watersheds in Maryland (see Related Links).

Authors or Affiliated Users: Susan H. Julius, Britta G. Bierwagen, Thomas E. Johnson, Randall Freed, Susan Asam, Sandra Shapiro

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Unnatural Disaster: Global Warming and Our National Parks

July 11, 2007

The National Parks Conservation Association, (NPCA) report, "Unnatural Disaster," demonstrates the impacts of climate change by highlighting anticipated effects U.S. national parks. It offers recommended actions for federal, state, and local governments, along with individuals, to slow or stop the damage from climate change on national parks.

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A Discussion of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Shorelines of the Northeastern USA

July 10, 2007

This report, prepared for the 2007 Northeast Climate Impact Assessment (see separate entry), provides a broad overview of how sea-level rise will impact the coast of the northeastern United States. Different possible rates of sea-level rise and the primary impact of shoreline retreat is discussed. The report explains how local features determine the extent of shoreline retreat in a given area and addresses how sea-level rise could affect different ecosystems, including estuaries, salt marshes, and barrier island systems.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrew D. Ashton, Jeffrey P. Donnelly, Rob L. Evans

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FEMA Threat and Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (THIRA)

The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) is a 4 step common risk assessment process that supports a community in understanding its natural hazard risks, and estimating capability requirements. The THIRA process helps communities map their risks to the core capabilities, enabling them to determine desired outcomes, capability targets, and the resources required to achieve their capability targets. 

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Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts, and Solutions

July 2007

This report describes the changing climate for the U. S. Northeast region and associated climate change impacts. Both high and low emission scenarios were analyzed to assess the impacts of two very different future climates on the region's coastal areas, marine fisheries, forests, agriculture, winter recreation, and human health sectors. Mitigation and adaptation policy options relevant to Northeast are presented, and the report includes a discussion on how to prioritize adaptation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter C. Frumhoff, James J. McCarthy, Jerry M. Melillo, Susanne C. Moser, Donald J. Wuebbles

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