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Critical Issues in Aviation and the Environment

April 2014

The Transportation Research Board (TRB) reviews the critical concerns and research priorities for environmental issues impacted by and affecting aviation activities in this report, including the issue of climate change.  TRB evaluated the aviation impacts on noise, air quality, climate change, and water quality; sustainable solutions to minimize impacts; and processes and tools for solution implementation. Adaptation planning and preparedness is addressed with the general recommendation that downscaled, region-specific climate projections should be incorporated into airport planning processes and operations.

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The Economic Case for Restoring Coastal Ecosystems

April 2014

The Center for American Progress (CAP) and Oxfam America collaborated with a research team to identify and analyze 3 coastal restoration sites of the 50 that NOAA funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. A detailed economic analysis of three sites was produced that exemplify the potential economic benefits of coastal restoration. The sites analyzed for the report are an oyster reef and sea grass restoration project in the Seaside Bays of Virginia, an oyster reef project in Mobile Bay, Alabama, and salt marsh restoration in San Francisco Bay, California.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael Conathan, Jeffrey Buchanan, Shiva Polefka

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Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability: Summary for Policymakers - IPCC Working Group II Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5)

March 31, 2014

The most comprehensive assessment of scientific knowledge on global climate change to date, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) is being released in four parts between September 2013 and November 2014. The AR5 contains contributions from three Working Groups. Working Group I assesses the physical science basis of climate change, Working Group II assesses impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability, while Working Group III assesses the mitigation of climate change.

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2014 Heatwave Business Impacts, City of Melbourne, Australia

March 24, 2014

The City of Melbourne, Australia conducted this study to get an understanding of the perceived impacts of a 2014 heatwave on the Melbourne business community. Melbourne has experienced several extreme heatwaves in recent years and climate projections show an increase in heatwaves in the future. This is a unique study because most research has been related to impacts of urban heat on the personal health of individuals, rather than impacts to businesses. 

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Toward a Climate-Resilient Austin

May 1, 2014

This report initiates the City’s planning process for climate adaptation and resiliency for Austin, Texas; which was commissioned by the Austin City Council. Drawing on climate projections for Central Texas, the report includes a preliminary analysis of Austin’s climate-related threats and potential impacts to the operations and assets of nine city departments. Final recommendations are provided, focused on improving climate projections and vulnerability assessments, integrating resilience strategies within departmental planning, and coordinating with regional partners.

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State of the Forest 2014 Report: Roaring Fork Watershed, Colorado

April 3, 2014

From the Aspen Center for Environmental Studies (ACES), the 2014 State of the Forest Report presents an in-depth look at the health of regional forests, including climatic factors and insect and disease infestations currently impacting local forests. This graphically-rich magazine style report is intended to help inform policy that promotes managing for healthy forests by federal, state, and local governments as well as NGOs and private citizens living in and around the wildland-urban interface.

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Delaware Climate Change Impact Assessment

March 2014

The Delaware Climate Change Impact Assessment is a comprehensive statewide report produced by the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) Division of Energy and Climate. The report includes a summary of past climate trends and future climate projections for Delaware, and a synthesis of the best available climate science that describes current and future impacts of temperature, precipitation, and sea level rise. The climate change impacts are detailed for five key sectors including public health, water resources, agriculture, wildlife and ecosystems, and infrastructure.

Author or Affiliated User: Jennifer de Mooy

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Climate Change: Evidence and Causes

February 27, 2014

The US National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of the UK jointly produced “Climate Change: Evidence & Causes,” building upon the climate-related work from both national academies, as well as on the newest climate change assessment from the U. N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The report reviews what is well understood about climate change, and where research is needed. It also presents current areas of active debate and ongoing research, such as the link between ocean heat content and the rate of warming.

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Extreme Weather Events: Limiting Federal Fiscal Exposure and Increasing the Nation's Resilience (GAO-14-364T)

February 12, 2014

This report represents the testimony provided by Mark Gaffigan, the Managing Director of Natural Resources and Environment for the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) before the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the U.S. Senate. This testimony is based on reports the GAO issued from March 2007 to November 2013.

Author or Affiliated User: Mark Gaffigan

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A Geospatial Dataset for U.S. Hurricane Storm Surge and Sea-level Rise Vulnerability: Development and Case Study Applications

April 2014

Published in the ‘Climate Risk Management’ journal, this study presents the results of an effort to develop storm surge inundation layers for the eastern U.S. - a first pass assessment of exposure to hurricane storm surge and sea-level rise for the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coasts. The results include multiple inundation mapping overlays reflecting both hurricanes of different intensities as well as various scenarios of sea-level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Megan C. Maloney, Benjamin L. Preston

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