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Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts, and Solutions

July 2007

This report describes the changing climate for the U. S. Northeast region and associated climate change impacts. Both high and low emission scenarios were analyzed to assess the impacts of two very different future climates on the region's coastal areas, marine fisheries, forests, agriculture, winter recreation, and human health sectors. Mitigation and adaptation policy options relevant to Northeast are presented, and the report includes a discussion on how to prioritize adaptation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter C. Frumhoff, James J. McCarthy, Jerry M. Melillo, Susanne C. Moser, Donald J. Wuebbles

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Potential Climate Change Impacts on Marine Resources of the Northeastern United States

2007

This report synthesizes an assessment of potential changes in marine ecosystems off the northeastern United States in response to projected climate and emission scenarios, with a focus on temperature effects on living marine resources. It reviews likely impacts on the northeast continental shelf, and highlights potential effects on the distribution and abundance of the American lobster and Atlantic cod to illustrate the range of possible impacts throughout the region.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael Fogarty, Lewis Incze, Richard Wahle, David Mountain, Allan Robinson, Andrew Pershing, Katherine Hayhoe, Anne Richards, James Manning

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Potential for Shoreline Changes Due to Sea-Level Rise Along the U.S. Mid-Atlantic Region

2007

In 2007, thirteen scientists convened for a two-day meeting to exchange  information and develop a consensus opinion on potential future coastal changes for the mid-Atlantic coast in response to sea-level rise. This 2007 report is the result of this workshop, providing an overview of how sea level rise could impact mid-Atlantic coast landforms, from New York to Virginia. Four different scenarios for sea level rise were considered and applied to specific areas of the Atlantic coast: a) the long-term sea-level rise rate observed over the 20th century would persist over the 21st century; b) the 20th century rate would increase by 2 mm/yr; c) the 20th century rate would increase by 7 mm/yr; and d) sea-level would rise by 2 m over the next few hundred years.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Benjamin T. Gutierrez, S. Jeffries Williams, E. Robert Thieler

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Striking a Balance - A Guide to Coastal Dynamics and Beach Management in Delaware

2004

This report provides historical background and knowledge of coastal dynamics and beach management in Delaware, outlines the forces affecting Delaware's beaches - including the balance between development and protection of coastal resources, and explains statewide coastal management policies and the measures taken to mitigate the effects of erosion.

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the Atlantic Coast

1999

One of three national assessments of U. S. coastal regions conducted in the late 1990's, this assessment focused on the Atlantic coastline, while the other two focused on the Gulf Coast and Pacific coastlines. The overall goal of these studies was to identify those portions of the U. S. coastal regions at risk and the nature of that risk (e. g. , inundation, erosion, etc. ). The long-term goal of this study is to predict future coastal changes with a degree of certainty useful for coastal management, following an approach similar to that used to map national seismic and volcanic hazards.

Authors or Affiliated Users: E. Robert Thieler, Erika S. Hammar-Klose

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Organization

Chesapeake Research Consortium (CRC)

The Chesapeake Research Consortium (CRC) is a non-profit corporation chartered by the State of Maryland. It is an association of six institutions, each with long-standing research on problems affecting the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed. The participating institutions are the Johns Hopkins University, University System of Maryland, Smithsonian Institution, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Old Dominion University, and Pennsylvania State University.

 

 

Organization

Maryland and Delaware Climate Change Education, Assessment and Research (MADE CLEAR) Program

The Maryland and Delaware Climate Change Education, Assessment and Research (MADE CLEAR) program brings together scientists and educators to provide teachers with tools and resources on climate change science and impacts so that they are more prepared to teach these complex subjects in the classrooms. The program’s main focus is on providing a support system for middle and high school teachers, but it also engages universities, state departments of education, and educators from natural resource agencies, museums, and aquariums.

 

 

Organization

Office of the Delaware State Climatologist

The Office of the Delaware State Climatologist (ODSC) is the principal scientific extension service for weather and climate information for the State of Delaware. The Office resides within the Department of Geography and the College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment at the University of Delaware. Dr. Daniel J. Leathers serves as the Delaware State Climatologist.

 

 

Organization

USGS Maryland-Delaware-D.C. Water Science Center

The USGS Maryland-Delaware-District of Columbia Water Science Center provides current real-time data on surface water, ground water, streamflow, and water quality from sites throughout the MD-DE-DC area. The center also has a number of reports covering water conditions, freshwater use, the Chesapeake Bay, historical data, and other topics.

 

 

Organization

Delaware Sea Grant

Delaware Sea Grant conducts research in areas ranging from seafood safety to coastal hazards through hands-on research and educational activities, and sharing information on coastal topics with stakeholders. Delaware Sea Grant funds projects for the broad area of Ocean and Environmental Literacy, and more specifically: 1) Healthy Coastal Ecosystems, 2) Sustainable Coastal Development, 3) Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply, and 4) Hazard Resilience in Coastal Communities.