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Preparing for the Changing Climate: A Northeast-Focused Needs Assessment

June 2011

This report is the first region-wide overview of how communities in the Northeast are preparing for climate change, and what resources and assistance they need to succeed. The intent of the report is to provide a snapshot of the barriers and resource gaps that need to be addressed in order for local, regional, and state governments to effectively plan for and implement climate preparedness strategies.

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Application of Ecological and Economic Models of the Impacts of Sea-Level Rise to the Delaware Estuary

June 2010

This report, produced for the Partnership for the Delaware Estuary, describes a new method of climate adaptation planning that draws from the assessment of natural resource damages associated with oil spills and other episodic events. The proposed framework combines the wetland change modeling in SLAMM (Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model) with traditional damage assessment methods using habitat equivalency analysis (HEA). By combining a marsh migration model with a habitat equivalency model, the framework was developed for identifying and valuing the cost of efforts to address potential changes in wetlands habitats.

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Climate Change and the Delaware Estuary: Three Case Studies in Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

June 2010

This report summarizes the major changes expected in the Delaware Estuary due to climate change as well as the threats to three key resources: tidal wetlands, drinking water and bivalve shellfish. These three resources served as case studies representative of the Estuary's habitats, human/water interaction, and living resources respectively, allowing investigation of climate change impacts and  potential adaptation strategies in the Estuary.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Danielle Kreeger, Jennifer Adkins, Priscilla Cole, Ray Najjar, David Velinsky, Paula Conolly, John Kraeuter

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A Method to Assess Climate-Relevant Decisions: Applications in the Chesapeake Bay (External Review Draft)

June 2010

The goals of EPA’s Global Change Research Program (GCRP) are to assess the potential effects of climate change on water quality, air quality, ecosystem health, and human health, and to provide decision makers with information and tools that enable them to incorporate considerations of climate change into their decision making processes.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Susan H. Julius, Britta G. Bierwagen, Chris Pyke, J. Randall Freed, Susan Asam

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State and Local Governments Plan for Development of Most Land Vulnerable to Rising Sea Level along the U.S. Atlantic Coast

October 27, 2009

Based on the analysis of planning data and current policies of 131 state and local land use plans from Massachusetts to Florida, the study identifies those coastal areas likely to be affected by rising water levels and classifies them based on the extent of development already in place and the potential for future development. The report explains that the existing extensive development on the Atlantic coast creates the need for coastal protective structures, which could negatively impact wetlands.

Authors or Affiliated Users: J.G. Titus, D.E. Hudgens, D.L. Trescott, M. Craghan, W.H. Nuckols, C.H. Hershner, J.M. Kassakian, C.J. Linn, P.G. Merritt, T.M. McCue, J.F. O'Connell, J. Tanski, J. Wang

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The Potential Impacts of Global Sea Level Rise on Transportation Infrastructure

October 2008

Prepared by the U. S. Department of Transportation, this report provides a high-level estimate of the net effect of sea level-rise and storm surges to transportation infrastructure on the U. S. eastern seaboard by 2100. The study integrates estimates of eustatic sea-level rise based on IPCC scenarios and digital elevation maps to identify areas that will either be inundated or placed at risk during storms. These estimates do not account for local variations. Based on 9 modeling outputs, from 6cm to 59cm, the study identifies the roads, airports, ports, and rail lines at risk from New York down to Florida, and it provides quantitative data on the extent to which each state in the study area will be affected by sea-level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kevin M. Wright, Christopher Hogan

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.1: Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region

January 2009

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009 by the U. S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), collaborated on this report that discusses the impacts of sea-level rise on the physical characteristics of the coast, on coastal communities, and the habitats that depend on them in Mid-Atlantic coastal environments.

Authors or Affiliated Users: James G. Titus, K. Eric Anderson, Donald R. Cahoon, Dean B. Gesch, Stephen K. Gill, Benjamin T. Gutierrez, E. Robert Thieler, S. Jeffress Williams

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Climate Change and the Chesapeake Bay: State-of-the-Science Review and Recommendations

September 2008

This report from the Chesapeake Bay Program Science and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC) addresses the current understanding of climate change impacts on the tidal Chesapeake Bay, and identifies critical knowledge gaps and research priorities. It is intended to provide the basis for incorporating climate change considerations into resource management decisions.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Christopher R. Pyke, Raymond Najjar, Mary Beth Adams, Denise Breitburg, Carl Hershner, Robert Howarth, Michael Kemp, Margaret Mulholland, Michael Paolisso, David Secor, Kevin Sellner, Denice Wardrop, Robert Wood

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Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts, and Solutions

July 2007

This report describes the changing climate for the U. S. Northeast region and associated climate change impacts. Both high and low emission scenarios were analyzed to assess the impacts of two very different future climates on the region's coastal areas, marine fisheries, forests, agriculture, winter recreation, and human health sectors. Mitigation and adaptation policy options relevant to Northeast are presented, and the report includes a discussion on how to prioritize adaptation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter C. Frumhoff, James J. McCarthy, Jerry M. Melillo, Susanne C. Moser, Donald J. Wuebbles

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National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the Atlantic Coast

1999

One of three national assessments of U. S. coastal regions conducted in the late 1990's, this assessment focused on the Atlantic coastline, while the other two focused on the Gulf Coast and Pacific coastlines. The overall goal of these studies was to identify those portions of the U. S. coastal regions at risk and the nature of that risk (e. g. , inundation, erosion, etc. ). The long-term goal of this study is to predict future coastal changes with a degree of certainty useful for coastal management, following an approach similar to that used to map national seismic and volcanic hazards.

Authors or Affiliated Users: E. Robert Thieler, Erika S. Hammar-Klose

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