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National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast

2000

In this report, the relative vulnerability (the Coastal Vulnerability Index, or CVI) of different coastal environments to sea-level rise is quantified for the U. S. Gulf of Mexico Coast region. This initial classification is based upon variables such as coastal geomorphology, regional coastal slope, rate of sea-level rise, wave and tide characteristics, and historical shoreline change rates. The combination of these variables and the association of these variables to each other furnishes a broad overview of sub-regions where physical changes are likely to occur due to sea-level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: E. Robert Thieler, Erika S. Hammar-Klose

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Confronting Climate Change in the Gulf Coast Region: Prospects for Sustaining Our Ecological Heritage

October 2001

This report from the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Ecological Society of America explores the potential risks of climate change to Gulf Coast ecosystems in the context of pressures from land use. Its purpose is to help the public and policymakers understand the most likely ecological consequences of climate change in the region over the next 50 to 100 years, and prepare to safeguard the economy, culture, and natural heritage of the Gulf Coast.

Authors or Affiliated Users: R.R. Twilley, E.J. Barron, H.L. Gholz, M.A. Harwell, R.L. Miller, D.J. Reed, J.B. Rose, E.H. Siemann, R.G. Wetzel, R.J. Zimmerman

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Using Climate Forecasts for Drought Management

January 2006

This report synthesizes a 4-year study of the use of the climate forecasts for drought management in the state of Georgia. The study investigates the needs and potential benefits of seasonal forecast information for water management. It provides a method for translating NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) seasonal precipitation outlooks into a forecast precipitation index (FPI) that is tailored for water managers in the southeastern United States. This case study is also beneficial, as it represents the integration of climate forecasts into decision-making procedures for a public agency, and provides the economic valuation of that forecast information.

Author or Affiliated User: Anne C. Steinemann

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Long Beach, Mississippi Concept Plan – Oak Park

August 2006

In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and significant property destruction, the city of Long Beach, MS developed a proposed comprehensive plan for the city that included a concept for a new public green space called Oak Park to buffer the downtown area from storm surge from the Gulf of Mexico.   The plan placed the park between a new roadway to the north and the coastline and Highway 90, which would be redesigned, to the south.  The plan was designed to both revitalize the town aesthetically and provide natural protection for residents from storm events.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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The Resilient Coast: Policy Frameworks for Adapting the Built Environment to Climate Change and Growth in Coastal Areas of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico

August 2007

This report assesses policies and governance structures to mitigate hazards on the U. S. Gulf Coast, and makes recommendations for coastal communities to adapt to the impacts they will face due to climate change. Existing federal and state frameworks for coastal land use and hazard mitigation planning in the Gulf are explored. The strengths and weaknesses of federal laws (including the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the Coastal Zone Management Act and the National Flood Insurance Program), as well as state and local planning authorities in the Gulf states, are presented.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John S. Jacob, Stephanie Showalter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States

December 2007

This report presents four case studies of climate change impacts in different regions of the country: The Heat is On: Climate Change & Heatwaves in the Midwest; The Importance of Climate Change for Future Wildfire Scenarios in the Western United States; Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate; and Ramifications of Climate Change for Chesapeake Bay Hypoxia (also in the clearinghouse as individual entries). Each case study focuses on a specific type of impact of particular concern to a U.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kristie L. Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl, Dominique Bachelet, Robert R. Twilley, Donald F. Boesch

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate

December 2007

This paper describes the current and projected impacts on Gulf coast wetlands from land development and water management practices, in concert with the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, flooding as well as sea-level rise. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. .

Author or Affiliated User: Robert R. Twilley

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.7: Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure - Gulf Coast Study

March 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP investigates risks to transportation systems in the Gulf Coast from climate change, and assesses the steps managers and policy makers can take to ensure the safety and resilience of those transportation systems. The findings represent the first phase of a three phased research effort.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael J. Savonis, Virginia R Burkett, Joanne R. Potter

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Analysis of Coastal Climate Adaptation Strategies for Southeast U.S. Coastal Cities

April 25, 2008

This Master’s project identifies primary and secondary climate change impacts to coastal areas of the Southeast U.S.  The author proposes three resiliency criteria and applies this decision-making framework as a means of evaluating potential adaptation response strategies for sea-level rise. These criteria include adequate adaptive capacity, environmental sustainability, and the win-win nature of the adaptive measures.

Author or Affiliated User: Ulla-Brott O. Reeves

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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New Frameworks for Managing Dynamic Coasts: Legal and Policy Tools for Adapting U.S. Coastal Zone Management to Climate Change

June 2008

This paper, published in the Sea Grant Law and Policy Journal, identifies policy and governance reforms that could make coastal communities and ecosystems more resilient to the effects of sea level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Sandra S. Nichols, Carl Bruch

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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