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Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States

December 2007

This report presents four case studies of climate change impacts in different regions of the country: The Heat is On: Climate Change & Heatwaves in the Midwest; The Importance of Climate Change for Future Wildfire Scenarios in the Western United States; Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate; and Ramifications of Climate Change for Chesapeake Bay Hypoxia (also in the clearinghouse as individual entries). Each case study focuses on a specific type of impact of particular concern to a U.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kristie L. Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl, Dominique Bachelet, Robert R. Twilley, Donald F. Boesch

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Gulf Coast Wetland Sustainability in a Changing Climate

December 2007

This paper describes the current and projected impacts on Gulf coast wetlands from land development and water management practices, in concert with the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, flooding as well as sea-level rise. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U. S. .

Author or Affiliated User: Robert R. Twilley

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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The Resilient Coast: Policy Frameworks for Adapting the Built Environment to Climate Change and Growth in Coastal Areas of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico

August 2007

This report assesses policies and governance structures to mitigate hazards on the U. S. Gulf Coast, and makes recommendations for coastal communities to adapt to the impacts they will face due to climate change. Existing federal and state frameworks for coastal land use and hazard mitigation planning in the Gulf are explored. The strengths and weaknesses of federal laws (including the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the Coastal Zone Management Act and the National Flood Insurance Program), as well as state and local planning authorities in the Gulf states, are presented.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John S. Jacob, Stephanie Showalter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Long Beach, Mississippi Concept Plan – Oak Park

August 2006

In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and significant property destruction, the city of Long Beach, MS developed a proposed comprehensive plan for the city that included a concept for a new public green space called Oak Park to buffer the downtown area from storm surge from the Gulf of Mexico.   The plan placed the park between a new roadway to the north and the coastline and Highway 90, which would be redesigned, to the south.  The plan was designed to both revitalize the town aesthetically and provide natural protection for residents from storm events.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Using Climate Forecasts for Drought Management

January 2006

This report synthesizes a 4-year study of the use of the climate forecasts for drought management in the state of Georgia. The study investigates the needs and potential benefits of seasonal forecast information for water management. It provides a method for translating NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) seasonal precipitation outlooks into a forecast precipitation index (FPI) that is tailored for water managers in the southeastern United States. This case study is also beneficial, as it represents the integration of climate forecasts into decision-making procedures for a public agency, and provides the economic valuation of that forecast information.

Author or Affiliated User: Anne C. Steinemann

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Confronting Climate Change in the Gulf Coast Region: Prospects for Sustaining Our Ecological Heritage

October 2001

This report from the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Ecological Society of America explores the potential risks of climate change to Gulf Coast ecosystems in the context of pressures from land use. Its purpose is to help the public and policymakers understand the most likely ecological consequences of climate change in the region over the next 50 to 100 years, and prepare to safeguard the economy, culture, and natural heritage of the Gulf Coast.

Authors or Affiliated Users: R.R. Twilley, E.J. Barron, H.L. Gholz, M.A. Harwell, R.L. Miller, D.J. Reed, J.B. Rose, E.H. Siemann, R.G. Wetzel, R.J. Zimmerman

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise: Preliminary Results for the U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast

2000

In this report, the relative vulnerability (the Coastal Vulnerability Index, or CVI) of different coastal environments to sea-level rise is quantified for the U. S. Gulf of Mexico Coast region. This initial classification is based upon variables such as coastal geomorphology, regional coastal slope, rate of sea-level rise, wave and tide characteristics, and historical shoreline change rates. The combination of these variables and the association of these variables to each other furnishes a broad overview of sub-regions where physical changes are likely to occur due to sea-level rise.

Authors or Affiliated Users: E. Robert Thieler, Erika S. Hammar-Klose

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Organization

America's Energy Coast

America’s Energy Coast (AEC) is an initiative of the America’s WETLAND Foundation. AEC is a diverse group of major businesses and industries, national environmental and conservation organizations, scientists and researchers, and coastal interests from across the four energy-producing states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama – collectively known as America’s Energy Coast

 

 

Organization

America's WETLAND Foundation

America's WETLAND Foundation advocates for the conservation and restoration of the coastal and inland wetlands of Lousiana and surrounding areas, with particular focus on the impacts of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the role wetlands play as storm buffers, and the risks wetland losses pose to energy and other infrastructure. America's WETLAND Foundation has been linked with government entities and figures, environmental groups, and Lousiana businesses, and is currently funded by private donations from numerous sources, including Shell, Chevron, BP, and other major energy corporations.

 

 

Organization

Mississippi State Climatologist

The Mississippi State Climatologist is located in the Department of Geosciences, Mississippi State University. This office provides climate information to the public and conducts research into the influences of climate on environmental processes and human activities in the state and region.