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Climate Change, Resilience and Fairness - How Nonstructural Adaptation Can Protect and Empower Socially Vulnerable Communities on the Gulf Coast

April 2016

Utilizing case studies from extreme flooding events, this paper synthesizes lessons learned, hazard mitigation strategies, and best practices in adaptation. The focus is on nonstructural adaptation strategies such as disaster planning and mitigation, and property buyouts. The best practices for implementing nonstructural adaptation strategies are also discussed with respect to impacts on, and solutions for, vulnerable communities.  The paper is grounded in three case studies of flooding events that each caused widespread damage, occurred across a range of demographic and socio-economic conditions, and involved both structural and nonstructural post-disaster adaptation strategies.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Gulf of Mexico Climate Change Adaptation Inventory

June 24, 2011

The Climate Change Adaptation Inventory is a compilation of climate adaptation activities and research initiatives taking place at the federal, state, and local levels in communities adjacent to the Gulf of Mexico. The inventory focuses specifically on those projects and efforts that address climate change or sea level rise. Research activities captured by the inventory are limited to those projects that have applications to coastal communities, particularly planning and development, land management, and socioeconomic initiatives.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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NPS Gulf Islands National Seashore - Fort Pickens Ferry System

September 2015

In order to maintain cost-effective, sustainable visitor access to the Gulf Islands National Seashore (GUIS), the National Park Service (NPS) proposed the development of passenger ferry service from Pensacola, Florida, to Fort Pickens. Santa Rosa Island, the site of Fort Pickens and part of GUIS, is susceptible to coastal storms and erosion. The Fort Pickens Road within GUIS is frequently damaged by storms, including hurricanes in 2004 and 2005. The transportation system in the Fort Pickens area is particularly vulnerable to disruptions caused by these impacts.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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City of Waveland, Mississippi Local Hazard Mitigation Plan

March 2013

The City of Waveland, Mississippi developed this Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) 2013 update to document Waveland’s hazard mitigation planning process, and to identify relevant vulnerabilities and strategies the City will use to increase resiliency and sustainability. Waveland was "ground zero" of Hurricane Katrina's landfall on August 29, 2005. The city received massive damage and is still in the process of recovering and rebuilding. 

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Waveland, Mississippi Local Hazard Mitigation Plan Update – Critical Evacuation Routes

March 2013

The City of Waveland, Mississippi developed its Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) in 2013 to update its 2007 plan, document the city’s hazard mitigation planning process, and identify relevant vulnerabilities and strategies to increase resiliency. The 2013 LHMP added climate change as a new hazard not previously addressed, as well as several other climate-related hazards such as coastal erosion, drought, extreme heat, and flooding. The LHMP assesses Waveland’s vulnerability to the hazards identified, as well as its hazard mitigation capabilities, and identifies evacuation planning as a high priority action item in light of the vulnerabilities identified.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Impacts and Adaptation Options in the Gulf Coast

June 2012

This report from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) reviews observed and projected changes for the Gulf Coast regional climate hazards, as well as potential impacts and adaptation options. It specifically details the impacts from sea level rise, wetland loss and hurricanes, and further examines the risks that climate change poses to the region’s energy and fishing industries. The report concludes that climate impacts are already occurring across these sectors, and outlines adaptation measures that can be implemented, while reducing the region’s vulnerability and the costs associated with future impacts.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Hal Needman, David Brown, Lynne Carter

Resource Category: Planning

 

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The State of Marine and Coastal Adaptation in North America: A Synthesis of Emerging Ideas

January 2011

This report presents EcoAdapt's synthesis of climate adaptation projects throughout North America's marine and coastal environments. The report provides an overview of key climate change impacts on the natural and built environments in marine and coastal U.S., Canada, and Mexico, and a thorough review of adaptation options available to marine and coastal managers.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Rachel M. Gregg, Lara J. Hansen, Kirsten M. Feifel, Jessica L. Hitt, Jessi M. Kershner, Alex Score, Jennie R. Hoffman

Resource Category: Planning

 

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City of Biloxi, Mississippi's 2009 Comprehensive Plan

December 2009

In 2009, the City of Biloxi, Mississippi, updated its 2020 Comprehensive Plan to reflect a new vision of Biloxi as a “prosperous, resilient city for the 21st century. ” Hurricane Katrina highlighted the city’s land use vulnerabilities and development challenges. In the land-use chapter (ch. 3) the plan discusses potential impacts from climate change, including an anticipated rise in sea levels of between 2 to 4 feet, increasingly intense storms, and more heavy downpour events.  Further, the plan identifies sea-level rise and warming ocean temperatures as a threat to wetlands, aquatic ecosystems, and indigenous tree cover.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Gulf Coast Governors' Action Plan II: For Healthy and Resilient Coasts (2009-2014)

2009

The Gulf of Mexico Alliance, a network of federal agencies and Gulf Coast state agencies, resource managers and planners, prepared this 5-year regional plan for action that addresses several climate related issues facing the Gulf. The plan addresses four distinct challenges: 1) the need to maintain healthy Gulf Coast economies while using coastal resources sustainably; 2) the imperative of improving the health of Gulf ecosystems; 3) adapting to sea-level rise; and 4) mitigating the effects of decreased water quality.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Long Beach, Mississippi Concept Plan – Oak Park

August 2006

In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and significant property destruction, the city of Long Beach, MS developed a proposed comprehensive plan for the city that included a concept for a new public green space called Oak Park to buffer the downtown area from storm surge from the Gulf of Mexico.   The plan placed the park between a new roadway to the north and the coastline and Highway 90, which would be redesigned, to the south.  The plan was designed to both revitalize the town aesthetically and provide natural protection for residents from storm events.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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