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NWF Climate-Smart Communities Program

The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) Climate-Smart Communities program helps cities and towns use nature-based approaches to prepare themselves for the impacts of climate change in ways that support people, wildlife, and habitat. The program aims to prepare communities for climate impacts; refrain from responses that are maladaptive for wildlife; and prepare for extreme weather such as heat waves, drought, wildfires, water shortages, flooding, sea level rise, and more. 

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Sustainable Water Systems: Step One-Redefining the Nation's Infrastructure Challenge

2009

This study examines the challenges that the drinking water and wastewater systems of the U.S. face in maintaining and replacing their pipes, treatment plants, and other critical infrastructure. The report offers policy recommendations, key principles of sustainable water infrastructure, and guiding elements of water management in light of climate change. This resource is applicable to water management at all levels.

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Spencer Creek Bridge Replacement and Highway 101 Realignment

May 9, 2006

While replacing the Spencer Creek Bridge, the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) also realigned vulnerable sections of Highway 101 approaching the bridge, shifting the highway 50 feet inland in order to avoid expected sea cliff erosion impacts over the intended design life of the bridge and highway.

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The Resilient Coast: Policy Frameworks for Adapting the Built Environment to Climate Change and Growth in Coastal Areas of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico

August 2007

This report assesses policies and governance structures to mitigate hazards on the U. S. Gulf Coast, and makes recommendations for coastal communities to adapt to the impacts they will face due to climate change. Existing federal and state frameworks for coastal land use and hazard mitigation planning in the Gulf are explored. The strengths and weaknesses of federal laws (including the Coastal Barrier Resources Act, the Coastal Zone Management Act and the National Flood Insurance Program), as well as state and local planning authorities in the Gulf states, are presented.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John S. Jacob, Stephanie Showalter

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Climate Change and Interacting Stressors: Implications for Coral Reef Management in the American Samoa

June 2007

This report focuses on the reefs of American Samoa as a case study for how managers can approach assessments of reef vulnerabilities to climate change and interacting stressors, identification of adaptive management strategies in response, and integration of management options with existing protocol.

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Greenhouse Effect, Sea Level Rise and Barrier Islands: Case Study of Long Beach Island, New Jersey

1990

Published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1990, this article discusses the likely impacts of future sea level rise on developed barrier islands, and provides a case study of Long Beach Island, New Jersey. 

Author or Affiliated User: James Titus

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Preparing for the Storm: Recommendations for Management of Risk from Coastal Hazards in Massachusetts

May 2007

Launched by the Romney Administration and the state legislature in 2006, the role of the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management's Coastal Hazards Commission (CHC) is to review existing coastal hazards practices and policies, identify data and information gaps, and make recommendations for administrative, regulatory, and statutory changes. The Commission released this report to summarize its findings after it reviewed coastal hazards associated with sea-level rise, hurricanes, northeasters and reduced sediment supply; moreover, it evaluated existing policies, potential knowledge gaps, and developed potential adaptation policies.

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Using Climate Forecasts for Drought Management

January 2006

This report synthesizes a 4-year study of the use of the climate forecasts for drought management in the state of Georgia. The study investigates the needs and potential benefits of seasonal forecast information for water management. It provides a method for translating NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC) seasonal precipitation outlooks into a forecast precipitation index (FPI) that is tailored for water managers in the southeastern United States. This case study is also beneficial, as it represents the integration of climate forecasts into decision-making procedures for a public agency, and provides the economic valuation of that forecast information.

Author or Affiliated User: Anne C. Steinemann

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Healing Troubled Waters: Preparing Trout and Salmon Habitat for a Changing Climate

October 2007

Trout Unlimited's report, Healing Troubled Waters, explains how climate change will impact trout and salmon populations and the waters in which they live. Based on research by Trout Unlimited scientists, the report provides recommendations for what can be done to help fish and rivers withstand these changes.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jack E. Williams, Amy L. Haak, Nathaniel G. Gillespie, Helen M. Neville, Warren T. Colyer

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Cool Surfaces and Shade Trees to Reduce Energy Use and Improve Air Quality in Urban Areas

2001

This article, published in Elsevier in 2002, outlines how cool surfaces (cool roofs and cool pavements) and urban trees can have a substantial effect on urban air temperature and, hence, can reduce cooling-energy use and smog. Using a dozen metropolitan cities as case studies, this paper demonstrates an estimate of about 20% of the national cooling demand can be avoided through a large-scale implementation of heat-island mitigation measures. This amounts to 40 TWh/ year savings, worth over $4B per year by 2015, in cooling-electricity savings alone.

Authors or Affiliated Users: H. Akbari, M. Pomerantz, H. Taha

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