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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.5: Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States

February 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009 by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U.S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP summarizes currently knowledge about direct and indirect effects of climate change on energy consumption, production, and supply in the U.S.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Thomas J. Wilbanks, Vatsal Bhatt, Daniel E. Bilello, Stanley R. Bull, James Ekmann, William C. Horak, Y. Joe Huang, Mark D. Levine, Michael J. Sale, David K. Schmalzer, Michael J. Scott

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A Screening Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Mitigation in the Great Lakes and New England Regions

February 2008

This report presents the potential implications of climate change on combined sewer overflow (CSO) mitigation in the Great Lakes and New England Regions. It is not a detailed analysis of individual systems in these regions. The purpose of this assessment was 1) to determine whether the potential implications of climate change on CSOs in these regions warranted further consideration and study, and 2) to evaluate the need for decision support tools and information that would enable combined sewer system (CSS) managers to incorporate the consideration of climate change into their decision making processes.

Related Organizations: National Center for Environmental Assessment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ICF International

Authors or Affiliated Users: John Furlow, Thomas Johnson, Britta G. Bierwagen, J. Randall Freed, Jeremy Sharfenberg, Sarah Shapiro

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Health Impact Assessment of Global Climate Change: Expanding on Comparative Risk Assessment Approaches for Policy Making

January 3, 2008

This article, published in the 'Annual Review of Public Health,' describes the need for health impact assessments (HIA) to systematically identify and quantify the many pathways through which climate change can affect health. The authors advocate HIAs as a tool for public health stakeholders and policy makers to evaluate the economic, political, quality of life, and ethical dimensions of the impacts of climate change on human health. .

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jonathan Patz, Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Holly Gibbs, Rosalie Woodruff

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Alaska Climate Impact Assessment Commission 2008 Final Report

March 17, 2008

In May 2006, the Alaska Legislature adopted House Concurrent Resolution 30, creating an Alaska Climate Impact Commission. The Commission was charged with assessing the impacts and costs of climate change to Alaska and developing recommendations for preventative measures potentially implemented by Alaskan communities and governments. The eleven-member commission released their final report in March 2008

Related Organizations: Joint Alaska Climate Impact Assessment Commission

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Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in North America: The Road Ahead

March 11, 2008

This journal article provides an overview of the expected nature and direction of infectious diseases in North America under a changing climate. Vector-borne, zoonotic (infectious diseases of animal origin that may be transmitted to humans), water and food-borne diseases, and diseases with environmental reservoirs (e. g. , endemic fungal diseases) pose current and future challenges to health care providers and public health agencies. The authors predict that health consequences of climate change and changes in weather patterns and ecosystems will become increasingly more significant, with the most severe impacts in far northern regions (e.

Related Organizations: Canadian Medical Association

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amy Greer, Victoria Ng, David Fisman

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Hotter and Drier: The West's Changed Climate

March 2008

Comparing average temperatures in the last five years to 20th century averages, the West has experienced 70 percent more warming than the world as a whole. This report assesses impacts the West faces with rising temperatures and changes in precipitation levels and patterns. Chapters 6 and 7 provide an overview of mitigation actions to date (2008) and makes high-level recommendations for policymakers. Appendix A provides a 100-year analysis of warming for each of the 11 states in the West (1908-2007).

Related Organizations: Rocky Mountain Climate Organization, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Stephen Saunders, Charles Montgomery, Tom Easley, Theo Spencer

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.7: Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure - Gulf Coast Study

March 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP investigates risks to transportation systems in the Gulf Coast from climate change, and assesses the steps managers and policy makers can take to ensure the safety and resilience of those transportation systems. The findings represent the first phase of a three phased research effort.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael J. Savonis, Virginia R Burkett, Joanne R. Potter

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Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research

March 2008

The report is intended for managers and scientists working with AIS to provide them with information on the potential effects of climate change on AIS, strategies for adapting their management to accommodate these environmental changes, and highlight further research needs and gaps. Invasive species are one of the leading causes of degraded ecological condition and ecosystem services, and climate change has the potential to interact with this stressor through multiple mechanisms. The report assesses the state of the science of climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS).

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

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Vulnerability of Major Wastewater Facilities to Flooding from Sea-Level Rise in King County, Washington

July 2008

King County's Wastewater Treatment Division maintains 77 major facilities, 40 of which are situated adjacent to tidally-influenced water bodies. As effects of climate change continue to grow, the potential for flooding at these facilities as the result of sea-level rise must be assessed and mitigated. The first step in planning for the effects of sea-level rise is to identify which facilities are at risk. This report identifies these facilities and their potential for flooding, considering the effects of both sea-level rise and storm surges, and then recommends the next steps in planning for this change.

Related Organizations: King County, Washington

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 3.3: Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate. Regions of Focus: North America, Hawaii, Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands

June 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) created between 2004 and 2009 by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U.S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP assesses the state of knowledge concerning changes in weather and climate extremes in North America, Hawaii, the Caribbean, and U.S. Pacific Islands.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Thomas R. Karl, Gerald A. Meehl, Christopher D. Miller, Susan J. Hassol, Anne M. Waple, William L. Murray

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