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FEMA: Mitigation Ideas - A Resource for Reducing Risk to Natural Hazards

January 2013

This document provides information for communities and local decision-makers to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. The mitigation actions are categorized into four types for each of the hazards discussed:

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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New York City Green Infrastructure Demonstration Projects

2014

New York City’s Green Infrastructure Program utilizes an adaptive management approach based on pilot project monitoring results and information collected and assessed from green infrastructure demonstration projects. Neighborhood Demonstration Areas were established in New York City pursuant to a March 2012 Modified Consent Order with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. This Order formalized the City’s inclusion of green infrastructure as an important component of its plan to reduce combined sewer overflows (CSOs) into local waterways, and improve the ecological health and quality of New York City harbor water.

Related Organizations: New York City Department of Environmental Protection, City of New York, New York

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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New York City Build it Back Program

June 2013

The Build It Back Program assists homeowners, landlords, and tenants affected by Hurricane Sandy in 2012 within all five boroughs of New York City, New York by rebuilding homes damaged or destroyed by the hurricane.  The City’s goal is to invest and create resilient neighborhoods through sustainable design, such as requiring new homes to be elevated above projected sea-level rise and flood heights. Registration for the program was announced on June 3, 2013, and as of the closing date for registration (October 31, 2013), the program received applications for more than 20,000 single‐family buildings; of which approximately 16,000 applicants completed the initial eligibility review.

Related Organizations: New York City Mayor's Office of Recovery and Resiliency, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), City of New York, New York

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Encouraging Adaptation to Climate Change: Long-Term Flood Insurance

December 2009

This paper from Resources for the Future (RFF), is focused on flooding impacts in the U. S. as a result of climate change, and in particular, the increases in severity and frequency of hurricanes. The authors examine potential issues that may arise from climate change given the rising population density in coastal regions and the expected volatility of weather patterns. The report also provides an overview of the risks and impediments to effective insurance markets in the face of climate change and outlines the need for and advantages of long-term insurance planning.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Howard Kunreuther, Erwann Michel-Kerjan

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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EPA Clean Water and Drinking Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy

October 4, 2010

This U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policy statement emphasizes the need for EPA to build on existing efforts to promote sustainable water infrastructure. EPA will work with states and water systems to employ comprehensive planning processes to deliver projects that are cost effective, resource efficient, and consistent with community sustainability goals.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Adapting to Climate Change at Olympic National Forests: Olympic National Park

August 2011

From the US Forest Service (USFS) Pacific Northwest Research Station, this technical report details a case study determining how to adapt federal land management practices to climate change on the Olympic Peninsula. In collaboration with the Olympic National Park, the Olympic Climate Change Case Study was conducted at Olympic National Forest and involved sensitivity assessments, reviews of management activities and constraints, and focus-area adaptation workshops.

Related Organizations: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), U.S. Forest Service (USFS), National Park Service (NPS)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Confusion Hill Bypass in Mendocino County, California

2009

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) completed the Confusion Hill Bypass project to reduce the vulnerability of Highway 101 in Northern California to landslides. Between 1996 and 2003, Caltrans spent a total of $14 million repairing and maintaining a 2-mile stretch of the highway. In the winter of 2002/2003, Highway 101 was closed 10 times due to landslides. Caltrans identified landslides and flooding as constant challenges in Caltrans District 1, which includes Confusion Hill in Mendocino County.

Related Organizations: California Department of Transportation (Caltrans)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Can Improve New York City’s Environment: Research on the Impacts of Mitigation Strategies

October 2008

Green “living” roofs and “cool” highly reflective roofs are building technologies that may offer solutions to mitigate the problems of the urban heat island effect.   Focusing on why these particular techniques may be incorporated into strategies for urban heat island mitigation, this paper reviews research assessing their environmental impacts, and discusses the effects of these "smart" rooftops on ambient air temperatures, energy use, and air quality.

Related Organizations: Sustainable South Bronx

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joyce Klein Rosenthal, Rob Crauderuff, Majora Carter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Porous Asphalt Study: “Effect of Road Shoulder Treatments on Highway Runoff Quality and Quantity”

July 1997

The Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC) studied the effectiveness of porous asphalt road shoulder treatments at reducing the quantity and improving the quality of highway stormwater runoff, compared to traditional asphalt and gravel. Out of the three treatments tested, the porous asphalt shoulders produced both the lowest volume of runoff and runoff with the lowest concentration of pollutants. The report suggests that although porous asphalt may have higher installation costs than traditional asphalt, the use of porous asphalt road shoulders may have long-term economic benefits along with safety and environmental advantages.

Related Organizations: Washington State Department of Transportation

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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California Extreme Heat Adaptation Final Guidance Document – Transportation Recommendations

October 2013

California’s Climate Action Team (CAT) developed the guidance document, Preparing California for Extreme Heat: Guidance and Recommendations, to provide California agencies with best practices for adapting to heat-related climate change impacts. Several of the recommendations focus on adaptations to the transportation sector and make recommendations for actions that can be taken by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to increase heat resilience. Transportation improvements, such as road pavement and the removal of vegetation, can contribute to higher temperatures in urban areas resulting in what are often referred to as urban heat islands.

Related Organizations: California Department of Public Health, California Climate Action Team (CAT)

Author or Affiliated User: Michael McCormick

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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