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Porous Asphalt Study: “Effect of Road Shoulder Treatments on Highway Runoff Quality and Quantity”

July 1997

The Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC) studied the effectiveness of porous asphalt road shoulder treatments at reducing the quantity and improving the quality of highway stormwater runoff, compared to traditional asphalt and gravel. Out of the three treatments tested, the porous asphalt shoulders produced both the lowest volume of runoff and runoff with the lowest concentration of pollutants. The report suggests that although porous asphalt may have higher installation costs than traditional asphalt, the use of porous asphalt road shoulders may have long-term economic benefits along with safety and environmental advantages.

Related Organizations: Washington State Department of Transportation

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California Extreme Heat Adaptation Final Guidance Document – Transportation Recommendations

October 2013

California’s Climate Action Team (CAT) developed the guidance document, Preparing California for Extreme Heat: Guidance and Recommendations, to provide California agencies with best practices for adapting to heat-related climate change impacts. Several of the recommendations focus on adaptations to the transportation sector and make recommendations for actions that can be taken by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to increase heat resilience. Transportation improvements, such as road pavement and the removal of vegetation, can contribute to higher temperatures in urban areas resulting in what are often referred to as urban heat islands.

Related Organizations: California Department of Public Health, California Climate Action Team (CAT)

Author or Affiliated User: Michael McCormick

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Flooded Bus Barns and Buckled Rails: Public Transportation and Climate Change Adaptation

August 2011

This report from the Federal Transit Administration compiles climate change adaptation analyses and information for use in adapting U.S. public transportation assets and services to climate change impacts. The report is targeted at transit professionals and aims to prompt the consideration of climate resiliency in the transit industry by providing sector-specific adaptation information.

Related Organizations: Federal Transit Administration (FTA)

Author or Affiliated User: Tina Hodges

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Charles River Watershed Association Green Infrastructure Demonstration Projects

The Charles River Watershed Association (CRWA), through its “Blue Cities Initiative,” develops demonstration projects that feature green infrastructure along streets and in other public and private spaces, with the goal of managing increases in precipitation caused by climate change. More frequent and intense rainfall events will increase the risks of flooding, sewer overflows, and water pollution in the Northeast. CRWA has implemented demonstration projects in the Boston metropolitan area to illustrate and assess the effectiveness of different green stormwater management techniques, including permeable pavements and roadside vegetation, and to encourage replication of these strategies in other areas.

Related Organizations: Charles River Watershed Association, City of Boston, Massachusetts, Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection

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Adapting to Climate Change While Planning for Disaster: Footholds, Rope Lines, and the Iowa Floods

December 20, 2011

This report uses the example of flood recovery after the 2008 Midwest floods to propose a more effective way for federal, state, and municipal governments to work together to address the impacts of climate change. The Environmental Protection Agency conducted a pilot project providing technical assistance to vulnerable cities in eastern Iowa, and the analysis was utilized as a case study for this report. The results of the Iowa Pilot Project are relevant to many climate change adaptation efforts around the country.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force

Authors or Affiliated Users: Robert R.M. Verchick, Abby Hall

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Forest-Climate Working Group

February 2009

The Forest-Climate Working Group (FCWG) is a broad and diverse coalition of forest stakeholders formed to develop consensus recommendations for U. S. forest components of federal climate legislation. The participants in the Forest-Climate Working Group — landowner, industry, conservation, wildlife, carbon finance, and forestry organizations — engaged in a year of facilitated consensus dialog to develop this policy platform. Their recommendations focus in three areas:  1) Offset Credits for Forest Carbon Activities; 2) Beyond Offsets - Incentive, Research, and Technical Assistance Programs; and 3) Forest Adaptation; which are detailed in this report.

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Urban Planning Tools for Quality Growth, 2002 Supplement

2002

Originally released in 2000, Urban Planning Tools for Quality Growth ( “The Toolbox”) has been a resource for municipalities seeking to create quality neighborhoods and projects, and to balance growth with the preservation of sensitive lands and other precious resources. Envision Utah re-issued this guide with four additional chapters, including one on Urban Forestry. While this is an older publication (2002) it is still useful in understanding the benefits of urban forestry (including the mitigation of urban heat island effect and the absorption of CO2), steps for creating an urban forestry plan, and considerations for species selection and planting.

Related Organizations: Envision Utah

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Better-Defined Rights and Responsibilities in Marine Adaptation Policy

December 2009

This issue brief discusses key elements of marine environment adaptation policy, including rights, resources, and governance. The brief recommends establishing better-defined rights and responsibilities for commercial and recreational fisheries in order to create an adaptation portfolio for marine and coastal resources. In addition, the report suggests establishing a broader ocean governance framework that includes comprehensive planning, allocation of dominant use zones and user rights within zones, and ecological standards.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: James N. Sanchirico

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Building Community Resilience with Nature-Based Solutions: A Guide for Local Communities

August 2020

In 2020, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) published this guide to help communities identify the multiple benefits of nature-based solutions (NBS) and incorporate NBS into their efforts to build resilience to increasing climate change hazards. The guide includes a range of information about different types of NBS, determining their value, and implementing NBS to aid communities at different phases of the hazard mitigation process. Communities looking to build community and political support for NBS, to fund NBS, and to incorporate NBS into new and existing local plans and policies can all benefit from this guide.

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

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Adaptations to Sustain High-Quality Freshwater Supplies in Response to Climate Change

June 2010

This issue brief recommends a number of actions to help create a policy environment that encourages adaptive responses in times of hydrological uncertainty.   Policy recommendations include, for example, increasing redundancy among natural and built freshwater systems to provide higher levels of functional resiliency; linking regional and national levels of data collection and modeling of hurricanes, floods, and droughts to improve long-term forecasts and proactive, adaptive responses; and additional coordination of federal and state agencies to enhance adaptive responses through long-term strategic planning of shared solutions to water scarcity.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: Alan P. Covich

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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