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FEMA Threat and Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (THIRA)

The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) is a 4 step common risk assessment process that supports a community in understanding its natural hazard risks, and estimating capability requirements. The THIRA process helps communities map their risks to the core capabilities, enabling them to determine desired outcomes, capability targets, and the resources required to achieve their capability targets. 

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast: Science, Impacts, and Solutions

July 2007

This report describes the changing climate for the U. S. Northeast region and associated climate change impacts. Both high and low emission scenarios were analyzed to assess the impacts of two very different future climates on the region's coastal areas, marine fisheries, forests, agriculture, winter recreation, and human health sectors. Mitigation and adaptation policy options relevant to Northeast are presented, and the report includes a discussion on how to prioritize adaptation strategies.

Related Organizations: Northeast Climate Impacts Assessment (NECIA), Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter C. Frumhoff, James J. McCarthy, Jerry M. Melillo, Susanne C. Moser, Donald J. Wuebbles

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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In Hot Water: Water Management Strategies to Weather the Effects of Global Warming

July 2007

A valuable resource for U. S. water managers, this report provides a full range of recommendations to consider when incorporating climate change into current agency planning and management activities. Strategies are organized into four categories: Evaluate the Vulnerability of Water, Develop Response Strategies to Reduce Future Impacts of Global Warming, Prevent Future Impacts by Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Increase Awareness of Global Warming and Water Impacts. A discussion on Integrated Regional Water Management Planning is also included.

Related Organizations: Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Barry Nelson, Monty Schmitt, Ronnie Cohen, Noushin Ketabi, Robert Wilkinson, Theo Spencer

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Habitats in the Pacific Northwest: An Analysis for Puget Sound, Southwestern Washington, and Northwestern Oregon

July 2007

This report, by the National Wildlife Federation, documents results from a study on the projected impacts of sea-level rise to key coastal habitats in the Pacific Northwest. The study modeled sea-level rise up to 2 meters, based on input from prior studies, and examined its effects including the inundation of estuarine beaches, loss of tidal flats and marshes, and the inundation of inland swamps. The report also provides a brief description of how these effects will impact wildlife. Finally, the report makes one broad recommendation for planners to account for sea-level rise in their habitat restoration projects.

Related Organizations: National Wildlife Federation

Authors or Affiliated Users: Patty Glick, Jonathan Clough, Brad Nunley

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change and Interacting Stressors: Implications for Coral Reef Management in the American Samoa

June 2007

This report focuses on the reefs of American Samoa as a case study for how managers can approach assessments of reef vulnerabilities to climate change and interacting stressors, identification of adaptive management strategies in response, and integration of management options with existing protocol.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Change and Land Use in Florida: Interdependencies and Opportunities

June 30, 2007

This report outlines the components of a sample state climate action plan as they relate to land use, including mitigation and adaptation options. The plan addresses enhanced resiliency to climate impacts related to land use in Florida, and the development of the capacity to participate in carbon markets and support economic development of the state. Climate projections for Florida are detailed, with specific attention to drought and the related impacts on agriculture, sea-level rise, and hurricanes.

Related Organizations: University of Florida, Century Commission for a Sustainable Florida

Author or Affiliated User: Stephen Mulkey

 

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Impacts of Global Warming on North Carolina's Coastal Economy

June 21, 2007

A scientific study was undertaken by researchers at four North Carolina universities to consider three aspects of the state's coastal economy and their vulnerability to a changing climate including: the impacts of sea-level rise on the coastal real estate market, the impacts of sea-level rise on coastal recreation and tourism, and the impacts of stronger tropical storms and hurricanes on business activity. The study used a range of moderate  assumptions, not best- or worst-case scenarios. This brief summary brochure is designed to present the main findings of the study for the benefit of the public and policy makers.

Related Organizations: University of North Carolina Wilmington, Duke University, Appalachian State University, East Carolina University Department of Geologic Sciences

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Oregon House Bill 3543: Global Warming Actions

June 2007

Oregon House Bill 3543 from then Governor Kulongoski establishes greenhouse gas reduction goals and Oregon's first Global Warming Commission. The Commission was designated responsible for making recommendations to meet the greenhouse gas reduction targets, as well as examining cap and trade systems, developing an educational strategy on global warming issues, and tracking global warming impacts on Oregon. In addition, the bill creates the Oregon Climate Research Institute in the Oregon University System.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Estimating Future Costs for Alaska Public Infrastructure at Risk from Climate Change

June 2007

The Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Alaska Anchorage created a model to estimate how much climate change could add to the costs of maintaining public infrastructure in Alaska in the near future (by 2030). This report describes how that model was developed, and presents preliminary estimates of additional public infrastructure costs resulting from climate change. The report concludes that a changing climate could make it 10 to 20 percent more expensive to build and maintain infrastructure, and that climate change induced damages could add $3.

Related Organizations: University of Alaska Anchorage, Institute of Social and Economic Research (University of Alaska-Anchorage)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter Larsen, Scott Goldsmith, Orson Smith, Meghan Wilson, Ken Strzepek, Paul Chinowsky, Ben Saylor

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Preparing for the Storm: Recommendations for Management of Risk from Coastal Hazards in Massachusetts

May 2007

Launched by the Romney Administration and the state legislature in 2006, the role of the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management's Coastal Hazards Commission (CHC) is to review existing coastal hazards practices and policies, identify data and information gaps, and make recommendations for administrative, regulatory, and statutory changes. The Commission released this report to summarize its findings after it reviewed coastal hazards associated with sea-level rise, hurricanes, northeasters and reduced sediment supply; moreover, it evaluated existing policies, potential knowledge gaps, and developed potential adaptation policies.

Related Organizations: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (MA CZM)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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