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Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in North America: The Road Ahead

March 11, 2008

This journal article provides an overview of the expected nature and direction of infectious diseases in North America under a changing climate. Vector-borne, zoonotic (infectious diseases of animal origin that may be transmitted to humans), water and food-borne diseases, and diseases with environmental reservoirs (e. g. , endemic fungal diseases) pose current and future challenges to health care providers and public health agencies. The authors predict that health consequences of climate change and changes in weather patterns and ecosystems will become increasingly more significant, with the most severe impacts in far northern regions (e.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amy Greer, Victoria Ng, David Fisman

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Hotter and Drier: The West's Changed Climate

March 2008

Comparing average temperatures in the last five years to 20th century averages, the West has experienced 70 percent more warming than the world as a whole. This report assesses impacts the West faces with rising temperatures and changes in precipitation levels and patterns. Chapters 6 and 7 provide an overview of mitigation actions to date (2008) and makes high-level recommendations for policymakers. Appendix A provides a 100-year analysis of warming for each of the 11 states in the West (1908-2007).

Authors or Affiliated Users: Stephen Saunders, Charles Montgomery, Tom Easley, Theo Spencer

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.7: Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure - Gulf Coast Study

March 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP investigates risks to transportation systems in the Gulf Coast from climate change, and assesses the steps managers and policy makers can take to ensure the safety and resilience of those transportation systems. The findings represent the first phase of a three phased research effort.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael J. Savonis, Virginia R Burkett, Joanne R. Potter

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change Effects on Stream and River Biological Indicators: A Preliminary Analysis (Final Report)

March 2008

The Clean Water Act mandates that states assess the biological, chemical, and physical condition of their aquatic resources using biological indicators that compare reference and non-reference sites to measure condition. The Office of Water developed guidance documents for establishing biocriteria in rivers and streams, lakes, estuaries, and wetlands, and is developing biocriteria for coral reefs. Climate change is projected to affect aquatic ecosystems through changes in water temperature, hydrological cycles, and degree days.

Resource Category: Monitoring and Reporting

 

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Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research

March 2008

The report is intended for managers and scientists working with AIS to provide them with information on the potential effects of climate change on AIS, strategies for adapting their management to accommodate these environmental changes, and highlight further research needs and gaps. Invasive species are one of the leading causes of degraded ecological condition and ecosystem services, and climate change has the potential to interact with this stressor through multiple mechanisms. The report assesses the state of the science of climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS).

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Chicago Area Climate Change Quick Guide: Adapting to the Physical Impacts of Climate Change - for municipalities and other organizations

March 2008

This document is a summary of a report on preparing the city of Chicago for climate change. It is one in a series of reports on this topic commissioned by the Chicago Climate Task Force, and was used by the Task Force in developing the Chicago Climate Action Plan. This summary report also shows the municipalities and businesses why taking action to prepare for climate change is important, and explains how to take action.

Author or Affiliated User: Julia Parzen

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Change: The Public Health Response

March 2008

This article from the American Journal of Public Health (March 2008, Vol. 98, No. 3) outlines a public health approach to climate change, based on the 10 essential public health services.  This approach would extend to both clinical and population health services and emphasize the coordination of government agencies (federal, state, and local), academia, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Howard Frumkin, Jeremy J. Hess, George Luber, Josephine Malilay, Michael McGeehin

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Preparing the Pacific Northwest for Climate Change

February 2008

This report presents an integrated framework for preparing natural, built, human and economic systems for climate change in the Pacific Northwest. This framework is intended to assist climate preparation efforts by public agencies, non-profits, and private companies throughout the Pacific Northwest. The report contains an integrated approach to climate change adaptation planning between each sector to enhance the benefits of climate adaptation across sectors. Sectors include: natural systems (biodiversity and ecosystems), built systems (transportation, water and energy infrastructure), human systems (public health, emergency management, and social services), and economic systems (forestry, agriculture, high-tech).

Resource Category: Planning

 

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The Capacity and Likelihood of Climate Change Adaptation in the World's Fisheries

February 13, 2008

Contributing scientists have calculated the likely impact of climate change on the distribution of more than 1,000 species of fish around the world. This research was carried out by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA), the Sea Around Us project at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and Princeton University.

Authors or Affiliated Users: William Cheung, Vicky Lam, Jorge Sarmiento, Kelly Kearney, Reg Watson, Daniel Pauly

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Impacts of Climate Change on Transportation: Freight Flow in Gulf Coast

2008

From the Transportation Research Board (TRB) report Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U. S. Transportation, this case study describes the transportation sector’s response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. It focuses on the storms’ impact to national-level freight movement, highlighting efforts to reroute traffic in order to avoid long-lasting disruptions. Despite damage to Gulf Coast transportation systems from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the region experienced only modest disruptions to freight flow because transportation system redundancies allowed traffic to be rerouted away from impacted areas.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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