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Niches, models, and climate change: Assessing the assumptions and uncertainties

August 28, 2009

Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, this paper provides a brief perspective on “ecological niches” - describing how niche thinking and modeling have been used to project changes in the distributions of species, and assessing several related assumptions and uncertainties. These areas are illustrated using examples from research on California birds. The paper concludes with an assessment the usefulness of niche-based models for projecting climate-change impacts on biodiversity and the resulting implications for conservation and management.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John A. Wiens, Diana Stralberg, Dennis Jongsomjit, Christine A. Howell, Mark A. Snyder

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN) and Portal

The Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN) launched in November 2010 as a new National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Pathways project. It builds on the efforts of the Climate Literacy Network and the establishment of the Climate Literacy: Essential Principles of Climate Science, to steward a broad collection of educational resources that facilitate students, teachers, and citizens in becoming climate literate.

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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U.S. Forest Service (USFS): Climate Change Resource Center

The USFS Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) is a reference website for resource managers and decision makers who need information and tools to address climate change - regarding both mitigation and adaptation - in planning and implementing projects. The website offers educational information, including basic science modules that explain climate and climate impacts, decision-support models, maps, simulations, case studies, and numerous toolkits and publications.

Resource Category: Adaptation Websites

 

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Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland's Vulnerability to Climate Change - Phase II: Building societal, economic, and ecological resilience

January 2011

The Maryland Commission on Climate Change released its Phase II Strategy for Reducing Maryland’s Vulnerability to Climate Change on January 24, 2011. The report outlines strategies to reduce Maryland's vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise, increased temperature and changes in precipitation within the following sectors: Human Health; Agriculture; Forest and Terrestrial Ecosystems; Bay and Aquatic Environments; Water Resources; and Population Growth and Infrastructure.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force

July 19, 2010

This report is the final set of recommendations from the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force. The Task Force, a group of 24 senior federal officials led by the Council on Environmental Quality was tasked by President Obama in June 2009 with developing recommendations to enhance the nation's ability to maintain healthy, resilient, and sustainable ocean, coastal, and Great Lake resources for the benefit of present and future generations. One of the National Priority Objectives identified as a premise to the recommendations is to strengthen resiliency of coastal communities and marine and Great Lakes environments, and their abilities to adapt to climate change impacts and ocean acidification.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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America's Climate Choices - Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change

May 19, 2010

Prepared by the National Research Council's Panel on Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change, this report is one in a series of five studies requested by Congress, known as America’s Climate Choices. This report discusses the impacts of climate change, makes recommendations to prepare the nation for adaptation choices, and highlights adaptation activities occurring at state and local levels.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Federal Climate Change Adaptation Plans

February 7, 2013

On February 7th, 2013, 35 federal agencies released their third annual Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans, which for the first time included Climate Change Adaptation Plans to help federal agencies reach sustainability and climate change resilience goals. Web links to all current Federal Adaptation Plans can be found on this site. 

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Urban Drought Guidebook 2008 Updated Edition

2008

Updated in 2008, the focus of the guide is to provide water managers a step-by-step process to anticipate and respond to potentially severe drought and other water shortages. Examples of well-conceived and executed plans in California and other parts of the country are provided to illustrate recommendations whenever possible. It also demonstrates that successful programs are commonly the result of a cooperative effort between water suppliers and their customers. This guidebook presents examples of efforts by water suppliers throughout the United States, along with a wide array of approaches to address variable water supply and demand scenarios throughout the state.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Climate Change Impacts on Forestry

August 16, 2007

Changing temperature and precipitation patterns and increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2 are likely to drive significant changes in natural and modified forests. This article provides a scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change on forests worldwide giving significant attention to forests in the U. S. This review is focused on publications that discuss the changes in commercial forestry, excluding the ecosystem functions of forests and non-timber forest products. The report concentrates on potential direct and indirect impacts of climate change on the forest industry, including economic impacts, the projections of future trends in commercial forestry, the possible role of biofuels, and changes in supply and demand.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrei P. Kirilenko, Roger A. Sedjo

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Colorado River Basin Water Management: Evaluating and Adjusting to Hydroclimatic Variability

February 2007

This brief from the National Research Council of the National Academies summarizes an assessment of existing sources of scientific information - including temperature and streamflow records, tree-ring based reconstructions, and climate model projections - and how they relate to Colorado River Basin water supplies and demands, water management, and drought. 

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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