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California Coastal Commission DRAFT Coastal Adaptation Planning Guidance: Residential Development

March 2018

In March 2018, the California Coastal Commission (CCC) released Draft Coastal Adaptation Guidance for Residential Development (Draft Guidance) to provide local governments sea-level rise adaptation strategies and example legal and policy tools for residential development. CCC is an independent, quasi-judicial state agency that exercises oversight for activities affecting California’s coast. Through the Draft Guidance, CCC seeks to provide state and local decisionmakers with tools to address the complexities associated with coastal land uses across approaches to residential development that are compounded by variation in the physical environment. Specifically, the Draft Guidance offers a range of legal and policy tools to help facilitate local planning for resilient shorelines and protect coastal resources, including through potential managed retreat strategies. The guidance explores the advantages and disadvantages of many adaptation options, and offers model policy language that could be used to implement best practices. The guidance and model policy language examples may be useful for other coastal jurisdictions planning for or regulating the impacts of sea-level rise on development as the language can be customized and adapted to specific situations and contexts. This guidance can assist coastal managers, local governments, and planners to address climate impacts within their jurisdictions and improve the resiliency of their coastlines and communities.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Minot, North Dakota Floodplain Buyouts and Affordable, Resilient Housing “Buy-In” Program

January 2016

In January 2016, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) awarded the City of Minot, North Dakota $74.3 million through its National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC) to implement several projects to improve the city’s resilience to flooding from the Souris River. In June 2011, Minot experienced a catastrophic flood. The flood, in combination with a “boom-bust” oil economy and lack of affordable housing, motivated the city to envision a more resilient future for its residents, economy, and environment. Among its winning projects, the city will implement a voluntary buyout program for homes most vulnerable to flooding along the Souris River and make resilient, affordable housing investments in higher, upland “Resilient Neighborhoods” located outside of the city’s floodplain to relocate homeowners and renters. Minot’s unique “buyouts for buy-in” model will help to preserve the city’s tax base and community cohesion. The city will also undertake projects to restore the floodplain, preserve open space, create recreational greenways, and provide resilient city hubs that offer economic job development and other services. Local policymakers and planners can consider the Minot example to equitably relocate people and development out of vulnerable flood or coastal areas to safer, higher ground as a part of comprehensive managed retreat strategies. 

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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California Coastal Commission: 2015 Sea Level Rise Policy Guidance

August 12, 2015

The California Coastal Commission Adopted Sea Level Rise Policy Guidance was released in 2015, and amended with a Science Update in 2018. The Guidance document offers an overview of the best available science on sea level rise for California, coastal adaptation strategies, and recommended methodology for addressing sea level rise in Coastal Commission planning and regulatory actions.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Massachusetts H 4835 - An Act Promoting Climate Change Adaptation, Environmental and Natural Resource Protection and Investment in Recreational Assets and Opportunity

August 21, 2018

Massachusetts Governor Baker has authorized over $2. 4 billion in capital allocations for investments in adaptation to climate change, protecting environmental resources and green space across the state.  H 4835 enables critical financing for the state and local level environmental and community resilience. The legislation expands and codifies commitments of Executive Order 569 to ensure climate change adaptation and resiliency continue to be prioritized, state agency climate change vulnerability assessments are ongoing, and the State Integrated Hazard Mitigation Plan and Climate Adaptation Plan are continuously updated and implemented.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Dallas Comprehensive Environmental and Climate Action Plan

April 2020

The Dallas Comprehensive Environmental and Climate Action Plan (CECAP) is a roadmap developed by the city and community stakeholders that outlines steps the city can take to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while enhancing the city’s climate resilience. The plan provides an overview of the environmental and climate challenges that the city faces, recommends actions to improve the environmental quality of the city, build resilience, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and identifies funding and partnership opportunities to support plan implementation.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Monroe County, Florida Resolution 028-2017 - Interim Road Design Standards

January 18, 2017

In 2017, as a result of severe tidal flooding from king (i. e. exceptionally high) tides in 2015 and 2016 and increasing sea-level rise estimates, Monroe County, Florida—a low-lying area covering the Florida Keys and Everglades—adopted interim design standards specifying minimum road elevation requirements. [ref title=""]Monroe County Board of Commissioners Meeting, Wednesday, January 18, 2017; Agenda Items M. 6, M. 7. [/ref] The design standards are largely informed by recommendations included in the County’s Final Report for the Monroe County Pilot Roads Project: The Sands and Twin Lakes Communities (Final Report) which examined nuisance flooding in Key Largo and Big Pine Key, where king tide flooding was highest.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Florida Sea Grant's "Environmentally Compromised Roads" Model Ordinance

October 2015

The “Environmentally Compromised Road Segments” model ordinance provides a framework for local governments in Florida to recognize and proactively address two related challenges: changing environmental conditions that cause natural degradation of public roads and rising maintenance costs. The ordinance does so by creating exceptions to both levels of service and uniform design standards for “environmentally compromised road segments. ” Such road segments must meet certain maintenance cost thresholds and be within areas where typical repair activities and standards are infeasible due to naturally-occurring environmental conditions.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Gleason Beach, California (Highway 1) Road Realignment Project

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is proposing to realign a section of Highway 1 near Gleason Beach in Sonoma County to provide long-term protection from coastal bluff erosion threatening the highway and surrounding area. The highway provides the only access between Bodega Bay and Jenner communities and is the sole vehicular route north to south for coastal Sonoma County. Multiple efforts since the late 1990s have sought to stabilize the roadway in place via various measures to shore up the bluff, but these protective measures cannot offer a reliable long-term solution.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Florida “Sacrificial” Roads Projects

2007

Recognizing the increasing maintenance and replacement costs for coastal roads in Florida due to more frequent flooding and storm surge, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) – Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division (EFL), assisted the National Park Service and other partners designing specific roads that are prone to be frequently washed out to have minimal environmental impact. Rising sea levels and coastal storms, which are projected to increase in intensity as a result of climate change, are creating more challenges for building and maintaining transportation infrastructure along coastal shorelines.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Tribal Leaders Summit on Climate Change: A Focus on Climate Adaptation Planning and Implementation

November 2015

In November 2015, the University of Arizona Native Nations Climate Adaptation Program and Center for Climate Adaptation Science and Solutions convened tribal environmental managers and leaders at a Tribal Leaders Summit to share experiences and build capacity in climate adaptation planning. Participants shared adaptation planning successes and lessons learned, discussed opportunities to supplement climate science with traditional knowledge, and offered feedback on the challenges to implementation.

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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