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Adapting to Climate Change at Olympic National Forests: Olympic National Park

August 2011

From the US Forest Service (USFS) Pacific Northwest Research Station, this technical report details a case study determining how to adapt federal land management practices to climate change on the Olympic Peninsula. In collaboration with the Olympic National Park, the Olympic Climate Change Case Study was conducted at Olympic National Forest and involved sensitivity assessments, reviews of management activities and constraints, and focus-area adaptation workshops.

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Confusion Hill Bypass in Mendocino County, California

2009

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) completed the Confusion Hill Bypass project to reduce the vulnerability of Highway 101 in Northern California to landslides. Between 1996 and 2003, Caltrans spent a total of $14 million repairing and maintaining a 2-mile stretch of the highway. In the winter of 2002/2003, Highway 101 was closed 10 times due to landslides. Caltrans identified landslides and flooding as constant challenges in Caltrans District 1, which includes Confusion Hill in Mendocino County.

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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Can Improve New York City’s Environment: Research on the Impacts of Mitigation Strategies

October 2008

Green “living” roofs and “cool” highly reflective roofs are building technologies that may offer solutions to mitigate the problems of the urban heat island effect.   Focusing on why these particular techniques may be incorporated into strategies for urban heat island mitigation, this paper reviews research assessing their environmental impacts, and discusses the effects of these "smart" rooftops on ambient air temperatures, energy use, and air quality.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joyce Klein Rosenthal, Rob Crauderuff, Majora Carter

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Porous Asphalt Study: “Effect of Road Shoulder Treatments on Highway Runoff Quality and Quantity”

July 1997

The Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC) studied the effectiveness of porous asphalt road shoulder treatments at reducing the quantity and improving the quality of highway stormwater runoff, compared to traditional asphalt and gravel. Out of the three treatments tested, the porous asphalt shoulders produced both the lowest volume of runoff and runoff with the lowest concentration of pollutants. The report suggests that although porous asphalt may have higher installation costs than traditional asphalt, the use of porous asphalt road shoulders may have long-term economic benefits along with safety and environmental advantages.

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California Extreme Heat Adaptation Final Guidance Document – Transportation Recommendations

October 2013

California’s Climate Action Team (CAT) developed the guidance document, Preparing California for Extreme Heat: Guidance and Recommendations, to provide California agencies with best practices for adapting to heat-related climate change impacts. Several of the recommendations focus on adaptations to the transportation sector and make recommendations for actions that can be taken by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to increase heat resilience. Transportation improvements, such as road pavement and the removal of vegetation, can contribute to higher temperatures in urban areas resulting in what are often referred to as urban heat islands.

Author or Affiliated User: Michael McCormick

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Flooded Bus Barns and Buckled Rails: Public Transportation and Climate Change Adaptation

August 2011

This report from the Federal Transit Administration compiles climate change adaptation analyses and information for use in adapting U.S. public transportation assets and services to climate change impacts. The report is targeted at transit professionals and aims to prompt the consideration of climate resiliency in the transit industry by providing sector-specific adaptation information.

Author or Affiliated User: Tina Hodges

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Charles River Watershed Association Green Infrastructure Demonstration Projects

The Charles River Watershed Association (CRWA), through its “Blue Cities Initiative,” develops demonstration projects that feature green infrastructure along streets and in other public and private spaces, with the goal of managing increases in precipitation caused by climate change. More frequent and intense rainfall events will increase the risks of flooding, sewer overflows, and water pollution in the Northeast. CRWA has implemented demonstration projects in the Boston metropolitan area to illustrate and assess the effectiveness of different green stormwater management techniques, including permeable pavements and roadside vegetation, and to encourage replication of these strategies in other areas.

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Adapting to Climate Change While Planning for Disaster: Footholds, Rope Lines, and the Iowa Floods

December 20, 2011

This report uses the example of flood recovery after the 2008 Midwest floods to propose a more effective way for federal, state, and municipal governments to work together to address the impacts of climate change. The Environmental Protection Agency conducted a pilot project providing technical assistance to vulnerable cities in eastern Iowa, and the analysis was utilized as a case study for this report. The results of the Iowa Pilot Project are relevant to many climate change adaptation efforts around the country.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Robert R.M. Verchick, Abby Hall

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Forest-Climate Working Group

February 2009

The Forest-Climate Working Group (FCWG) is a broad and diverse coalition of forest stakeholders formed to develop consensus recommendations for U. S. forest components of federal climate legislation. The participants in the Forest-Climate Working Group — landowner, industry, conservation, wildlife, carbon finance, and forestry organizations — engaged in a year of facilitated consensus dialog to develop this policy platform. Their recommendations focus in three areas:  1) Offset Credits for Forest Carbon Activities; 2) Beyond Offsets - Incentive, Research, and Technical Assistance Programs; and 3) Forest Adaptation; which are detailed in this report.

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Urban Planning Tools for Quality Growth, 2002 Supplement

2002

Originally released in 2000, Urban Planning Tools for Quality Growth ( “The Toolbox”) has been a resource for municipalities seeking to create quality neighborhoods and projects, and to balance growth with the preservation of sensitive lands and other precious resources. Envision Utah re-issued this guide with four additional chapters, including one on Urban Forestry. While this is an older publication (2002) it is still useful in understanding the benefits of urban forestry (including the mitigation of urban heat island effect and the absorption of CO2), steps for creating an urban forestry plan, and considerations for species selection and planting.

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