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USGCRP Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. - Society

June 2009

This report is one of seven sector-specific chapters from the United States Global Change Research Program's 2009 National Climate Assessment, "Global Climate Change Impacts in the U. S. "  The 'Society' chapter synthesizes current and projected impacts from climate change to society in the U. S. The chapter emphasizes several key messages: population shifts and development choices are making more Americans vulnerable to the expected impacts of climate change; vulnerability is greater for those who have few resources and few choices; city residents and city infrastructure have unique vulnerabilities to climate change; climate change affects communities through changes in climate-sensitive resources that occur both locally and at great distances; and that the insurance industry is particularly vulnerable to increasing extreme weather events such as severe storms, but it can also help society manage the risks.

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Climate Change Impacts on Florida (with a specific look at groundwater impacts)

September 2009

This article discusses the impact of climate change on Florida's hydrologic cycle and groundwater.

Author or Affiliated User: Frederick Bloetscher

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Adapting to Climate Change in Ontario

November 2009

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts for the Province of Ontario, Canada, and proposes potential strategies to address these impacts.

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Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and other Recent Estimates

August 2009

This report reviews the costs of adapting to climate change in a range of sectors. It aims to demonstrate the uncertainties of current cost estimates for climate change adaptation. The review examines these costs at the sector level, including several sectors which had previously not been fully considered in cost estimates - and advocates for further refinement of these estimates.

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Hazard Awareness and Risk Mitigation in Integrated Coastal Area Management

2009

This report from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) provides broad guidelines for coastal planners related to the risks presented by tsunamis, storm surge, extreme wind-forced waves, coastal erosion, and the effects rising sea levels. These guidelines are intended to assist federal and local policy makers and coastal managers and planners in the reduction of the risks to coastal communities, their infrastructure, and service-providing ecosystems from coastal hazards being exacerbated by climate change.

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An Analysis of Climate Change Impacts and Options Relevant to Legal and Policy Issues at the Department of the Interior (DOI)

2008

In March 2007, former Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne established the Department of the Interior's Climate Change Task Force. Three subcommittees were formed to undertake this assignment. This Draft report was issued by the Law & Policy Subcommittee to identify the legal and policy issues facing the DOI and to suggest possible options for addressing them.

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Economic and Environmental Costs of Climate Change: State Case Studies

This site provides PDF files of individual state case studies pertaining to the economic and environmental costs of climate change.   The studies were prepared by the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and the Center for Integrative Environmental Research (CIER) at the University of Maryland. The reports summarize climatic changes affecting 12 states, their potential fiscal impact, and the effect that future changes in climate may have on state economies. The research highlights the importance of planning for the possible effects of climate change on state natural and economic resources and explores options for reducing these effects.

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Preparing for Climate Change in the Rogue River Basin of Southwest Oregon

December 8, 2008

This report presents the projected impacts of climate change on the Rogue River Basin of southwest Oregon. A panel of scientists and policy experts recommend strategies for building resistance and resilience to climate change for natural, human, built and economic systems in the region.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Bob Doppelt, Roger Hamilton, Marni Koopman, Cindy Deacon Williams

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 3.4: Abrupt Climate Change

December 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 SAPs produced between 2004 and 2009 by the U. S. Climate Change Science Program, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This report considers progress in understanding four abrupt changes in the paleoclimatic record whose impacts are so rapid and large that they would pose clear risks to society if they were to recur: 1) rapid change in glaciers, ice sheets, and hence sea level; 2) widespread and sustained changes to the hydrologic cycle; 3) abrupt change in the northward flow of warm, salty water in the upper layers of the Atlantic Ocean associated with the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and southward flow of cold water in the deep Atlantic; and 4) rapid release to the atmosphere of methane trapped in permafrost and on continental margins.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter U. Clark, Andrew J. Weaver, Edward Brook, Edward R. Cook, Thomas L. Delworth, Konrad Steffen

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Assessment of the Impacts of Global Change on Regional U.S. Air Quality: A Synthesis of Climate Change Impacts on Ground-Level Ozone

April 2009

This report, released in April 2009 by the U. S. EPA’s Global Change Research Program, is intended to provide managers and scientists working on air quality with information on the potential effects of climate change on regional air quality in the U. S. The report summarizes results from the assessment’s first phase, which focused on the development of regional modeling tools that demonstrate the sensitivity of air quality to climate change, with a particular emphasis on summertime ozone.

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