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Oregon Health Authority Climate Health Impact Assessments

2014

Oregon Health Authority (OHA), Oregon’s state public health agency, conducted three climate-focused Health Impact Assessments (HIAs) between 2011 and 2014 in order to determine the potential health benefits of greenhouse gas reduction projects. Requested by Metro Regional Government (Metro), Portland’s regional planning authority for transportation and land use, OHA’s HIA found that adopting the climate strategies proposed by Metro could reduce heart disease, stroke, and diabetes 2-4% by improving air quality and increasing active transportation. The HIAs also focused on the inequities of disease burden based on proximity to high volume roads, leading to increased injuries and respiratory disease, among other impacts; increasing active transportation and reducing the number of vehicles on the road could help to reduce this inequity. From the HIAs, OHA determined that implementing these strategies could also save over $100 million annually in health care costs. The 39-member Advisory Committee that helped shape and give feedback to the HIA included some community representatives and a representative from the Oregon Health Authority’s Office of Equity and Inclusion, but was primarily made up of local and regional government representatives. 

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Risk Assessment of Toronto’s Culverts Using the Canadian Public Infrastructure Engineering Vulnerability Committee (PIEVC) Protocol

December 2011

The City of Toronto utilized a risk assessment tool to help evaluate the risk of climate impacts on the City’s culverts. The PIEVC Protocol, developed by the Canadian Public Infrastructure Engineering Vulnerability Committee (PIEVC), is a step-by-step protocol in which risk scoring systems incorporate climate modeling data to outline explicit procedures to help engineers design a particular structure to withstand current and future climatic conditions. Although this study evaluated only three Toronto culverts, the results can be used to assist Toronto in incorporating climate change adaptation into the design, development and management of all of its culverts - and could be applied in other municipalities as well.

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Warming World: Impacts by Degree

2011

This booklet summarizes the findings of a report from the National Research Council, Climate Stabilization Targets: Emissions, Concentrations, and Impacts over Decades to Millennia (2011). The report summarizes the impacts of greenhouse gas stabilization targets on near-term and future climate change - evaluating the implications of different  targets, with particular emphasis on avoiding serious or irreversible impacts on the Earth’s climate. Each stabilization target discussed results in a different future climate, with changes that may be difficult or impossible to reverse for millennia.

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Assessment of Intraseasonal to Interannual Climate Prediction and Predictability

2010

This report focuses on ways to improve the quality of intraseasonal and interannual climate forecasts. It examines current capabilities for forecasting predictions for the climate system, analyzes how past improvements in these capabilities have been achieved, and recommends opportunities for future improvement. The report informs and guides decisions regarding future opportunities in climate research and operational forecasting.

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Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

2010

Evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism. This report, requested by Congress, reviews the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems, the chemistry of seawater, and the physiology of marine organisms. The report reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program.

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Impacts of Global Warming on North Carolina's Coastal Economy

June 21, 2007

A scientific study was undertaken by researchers at four North Carolina universities to consider three aspects of the state's coastal economy and their vulnerability to a changing climate including: the impacts of sea-level rise on the coastal real estate market, the impacts of sea-level rise on coastal recreation and tourism, and the impacts of stronger tropical storms and hurricanes on business activity. The study used a range of moderate  assumptions, not best- or worst-case scenarios. This brief summary brochure is designed to present the main findings of the study for the benefit of the public and policy makers.

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Critical Issues in Aviation and the Environment

April 2014

The Transportation Research Board (TRB) reviews the critical concerns and research priorities for environmental issues impacted by and affecting aviation activities in this report, including the issue of climate change.  TRB evaluated the aviation impacts on noise, air quality, climate change, and water quality; sustainable solutions to minimize impacts; and processes and tools for solution implementation. Adaptation planning and preparedness is addressed with the general recommendation that downscaled, region-specific climate projections should be incorporated into airport planning processes and operations.

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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments: A Review of Water Utility Practices

August 2010

The study describes the activities of eight water utilities who have conducted climate vulnerability assessments: East Bay Municipal Utility District (CA), City of Boulder Utilities Division (CO), Denver Water (CO), Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Portland Water Bureau (OR), Lower Colorado River Authority (CO), and Seattle Public Utilities (WA). This report provides a review of best practices in this emerging effort across the industry for the purpose of informing utilities considering engaging in this issue about the various methods used by their peers.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joel B. Smith, Jason M. Vogel

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A Comprehensive Review of Climate Adaptation in the United States: more than before, but less than needed

September 18, 2012

Abstract: "We reviewed existing and planned adaptation activities of federal, tribal, state, and local governments and the private sector in the U.S. to understand what types of adaptation activities are underway across different sectors and scales throughout the country. Primary sources of review included material officially submitted for consideration in the upcoming 2013 U.S. National Climate Assessment and supplemental peer-reviewed and grey literature.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Rosina Bierbaum, Arthur Lee, Maria Blair, Lynne Carter, Stuart F. Chapin III, Paul Fleming, Susan Ruffo, Missy Stults, Shannon McNeeley, Emily Wasley, Laura Verduzco, Joel B. Smith

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California Climate Action Team Biennial Report - 2009 CAT Report

March 2009

In June 2005, Executive Order S-05-05 was signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger which mandated the preparation of biennial science assessment reports on climate change impacts and adaptation options for California. The first Climate Action Team (CAT) Assessment Report was produced in March 2006. This 2009 assessment expands on the policy-oriented 2006 assessment, and provides new information and scientific findings including: 1) the development of new climate and sea-level projections using new information and tools that have become available in the last two years; and 2) an evaluation of climate change within the context of broader social changes, such as land-use changes and demographic shifts.

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