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Climate Change and Infectious Diseases in North America: The Road Ahead

March 11, 2008

This journal article provides an overview of the expected nature and direction of infectious diseases in North America under a changing climate. Vector-borne, zoonotic (infectious diseases of animal origin that may be transmitted to humans), water and food-borne diseases, and diseases with environmental reservoirs (e. g. , endemic fungal diseases) pose current and future challenges to health care providers and public health agencies. The authors predict that health consequences of climate change and changes in weather patterns and ecosystems will become increasingly more significant, with the most severe impacts in far northern regions (e.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amy Greer, Victoria Ng, David Fisman

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Hotter and Drier: The West's Changed Climate

March 2008

Comparing average temperatures in the last five years to 20th century averages, the West has experienced 70 percent more warming than the world as a whole. This report assesses impacts the West faces with rising temperatures and changes in precipitation levels and patterns. Chapters 6 and 7 provide an overview of mitigation actions to date (2008) and makes high-level recommendations for policymakers. Appendix A provides a 100-year analysis of warming for each of the 11 states in the West (1908-2007).

Authors or Affiliated Users: Stephen Saunders, Charles Montgomery, Tom Easley, Theo Spencer

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.7: Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure - Gulf Coast Study

March 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP investigates risks to transportation systems in the Gulf Coast from climate change, and assesses the steps managers and policy makers can take to ensure the safety and resilience of those transportation systems. The findings represent the first phase of a three phased research effort.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michael J. Savonis, Virginia R Burkett, Joanne R. Potter

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Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications for Management and Research

March 2008

The report is intended for managers and scientists working with AIS to provide them with information on the potential effects of climate change on AIS, strategies for adapting their management to accommodate these environmental changes, and highlight further research needs and gaps. Invasive species are one of the leading causes of degraded ecological condition and ecosystem services, and climate change has the potential to interact with this stressor through multiple mechanisms. The report assesses the state of the science of climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS).

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An Analysis of Climate Change Impacts and Options Relevant to the Department of the Interior's (DOI's) Managed Lands and Waters

2008

In March 2007, then Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne established the Department of the Interior (DOI) Climate Change Task Force. Three subcommittees were formed to undertake the assignment. This Draft report was issued by the Land & Water Management Subcommittee to identify potential issues and challenges facing the DOI as a consequence of climate change and to suggest possible options for addressing them.

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Climate Change in Colorado: A Synthesis to Support Water Resources Management and Adaptation (2008)

2008

This report is a synthesis of climate change science that is important for evaluating impacts on Colorado's water resources. This document provides scientific analyses to support state and regional efforts to develop a water adaptation plan, while presenting scientific analyses on observed trends, modeling, and projections of hydro-climatic variables - including temperature, precipitation, snowmelt, and runoff. This analysis includes a record of Colorado climate that covers trends in temperature, precipitation, snow and stream flow; a section describing climate models, emissions scenarios, and downscaling; followed by climate attributions, projections, and implications for the state.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrea J. Ray, Joseph J. Barsugli, Kristen B. Averyt

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Impacts of Global Warming on North Carolina's Coastal Economy

June 21, 2007

A scientific study was undertaken by researchers at four North Carolina universities to consider three aspects of the state's coastal economy and their vulnerability to a changing climate including: the impacts of sea-level rise on the coastal real estate market, the impacts of sea-level rise on coastal recreation and tourism, and the impacts of stronger tropical storms and hurricanes on business activity. The study used a range of moderate  assumptions, not best- or worst-case scenarios. This brief summary brochure is designed to present the main findings of the study for the benefit of the public and policy makers.

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Estimating Future Costs for Alaska Public Infrastructure at Risk from Climate Change

June 2007

The Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER) at the University of Alaska Anchorage created a model to estimate how much climate change could add to the costs of maintaining public infrastructure in Alaska in the near future (by 2030). This report describes how that model was developed, and presents preliminary estimates of additional public infrastructure costs resulting from climate change. The report concludes that a changing climate could make it 10 to 20 percent more expensive to build and maintain infrastructure, and that climate change induced damages could add $3.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter Larsen, Scott Goldsmith, Orson Smith, Meghan Wilson, Ken Strzepek, Paul Chinowsky, Ben Saylor

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Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability - Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

2007

From the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group II, this report summarizes the 2007 scientific understanding of the impacts of climate change on natural, managed, and human systems around the world, the capacity of these systems to adapt, and their vulnerability. It builds upon past IPCC assessments and incorporates new knowledge gained since the Third Assessment. Consistent with all IPCC reports, the WGII contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report is a comprehensive assessment of the peer-reviewed published literature and selected gray literature on climate change impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Martin L. Parry, Osvaldo F. Canziani, Jean P. Palutikof, Paul J. van der Linden, Clair E. Hanson

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The US Economic Impacts of Climate Change and the Costs of Inaction

October 2007

This report presents a review of economic studies for the U. S. , as related to some predicted impacts of climate change. The "costs of inaction" are evaluated - how a failure to reduce greenhouse gases can make response and adaptation to climate impacts even more expensive. The analysis is not focused on the costs of controlling emissions, rather it considers resultant expenses, such as rebuilding communities and other ripple economic effects on many sectors, in order to develop a more comprehensive estimate of financial impact.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Matthias Ruth, Dana Coelho, Daria Karetnikov

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