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A Climate of Extreme Weather Events: U.S. Impacts and Vulnerability

June 2011

This white paper, from the Pew Center on Global Climate Change (now the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions "C2ES"), provides an easy-to-understand overview of flooding, heat waves, wildfires, and drought. Past and projected frequency, details of impacts, some location specific vulnerability and potential risks are provided for each of the four types of extreme events.

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America's Water Risk: Water Stress and Climate Variability

February 2013

With the support of Veolia Water, this study was conducted by Columbia University’s Water Center, examining the nation's water supply, and how climate could affect vulnerability to short and long term droughts.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Daniel Shi, Naresh Devineni, Upmanu Lall, Edwin Piñero

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Climate Change and the U.S. Energy Sector: DOE Regional Vulnerabilities and Resilience Solutions

October 2015

Produced by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), this report addresses the energy vulnerabilities to climate change in each of nine regions across the U.S. This report aims to assist infrastructure owners and utility planners by identifying climate change threats to energy sectors, and providing current resilience solutions - on a local, regional, and national level.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Chris Gillespie, Matt Antes

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State of the Climate: New Jersey

2013

From the New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance and Rutgers Climate Institute, “State of the Climate: New Jersey” provides an overview of recent climate events and trends, their impacts, and their implications for the future of New Jersey. The report highlights climate impacts as related to temperature, precipitation and sea level rise for the state.

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Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change: Anticipating Surprises

December 3, 2013

From the National Academies’ Committee on Understanding and Monitoring Abrupt Climate Change and Its Impacts, Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change was published in paperback format, and is made available in PDF format on the Academies website. This publication summarizes the current state of knowledge on potential abrupt changes to the ocean, atmosphere, ecosystems, and high latitude areas; explores how to monitor climate change for warnings of abrupt changes and emerging impacts; and identifies key research and monitoring needs.

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Niches, models, and climate change: Assessing the assumptions and uncertainties

August 28, 2009

Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, this paper provides a brief perspective on “ecological niches” - describing how niche thinking and modeling have been used to project changes in the distributions of species, and assessing several related assumptions and uncertainties. These areas are illustrated using examples from research on California birds. The paper concludes with an assessment the usefulness of niche-based models for projecting climate-change impacts on biodiversity and the resulting implications for conservation and management.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John A. Wiens, Diana Stralberg, Dennis Jongsomjit, Christine A. Howell, Mark A. Snyder

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Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, Present and Future

June 2012

This study provides the first comprehensive regional projections of the changes in sea level expected in California, Oregon, and Washington - posing serious risks to the infrastructure, development, and wetlands along this 1,600 mile shoreline. California Executive Order S-13-08 directed state agencies to plan for sea-level rise and coastal impacts, and asked the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies to establish a committee to assess sea-level rise. Oregon, Washington, and several federal agencies joined California to sponsor the study.

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Climate Change Impacts on Forestry

August 16, 2007

Changing temperature and precipitation patterns and increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2 are likely to drive significant changes in natural and modified forests. This article provides a scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change on forests worldwide giving significant attention to forests in the U. S. This review is focused on publications that discuss the changes in commercial forestry, excluding the ecosystem functions of forests and non-timber forest products. The report concentrates on potential direct and indirect impacts of climate change on the forest industry, including economic impacts, the projections of future trends in commercial forestry, the possible role of biofuels, and changes in supply and demand.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Andrei P. Kirilenko, Roger A. Sedjo

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Colorado River Basin Water Management: Evaluating and Adjusting to Hydroclimatic Variability

February 2007

This brief from the National Research Council of the National Academies summarizes an assessment of existing sources of scientific information - including temperature and streamflow records, tree-ring based reconstructions, and climate model projections - and how they relate to Colorado River Basin water supplies and demands, water management, and drought. 

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Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change (NCHRP Report 938)

2020

This guidebook, Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change (Guidebook), provides a comprehensive resource to help transportation agencies incorporate cost-benefit analysis (CBA) into planning processes and decisions regarding needs for adapting to climate change and extreme weather. The Guidebook was published in 2020 and developed through the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, with input from practitioners at state departments of transportation (DOTs).

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