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USGCRP Global Climate Change Impacts in the U.S. - Society

June 2009

This report is one of seven sector-specific chapters from the United States Global Change Research Program's 2009 National Climate Assessment, "Global Climate Change Impacts in the U. S. "  The 'Society' chapter synthesizes current and projected impacts from climate change to society in the U. S. The chapter emphasizes several key messages: population shifts and development choices are making more Americans vulnerable to the expected impacts of climate change; vulnerability is greater for those who have few resources and few choices; city residents and city infrastructure have unique vulnerabilities to climate change; climate change affects communities through changes in climate-sensitive resources that occur both locally and at great distances; and that the insurance industry is particularly vulnerable to increasing extreme weather events such as severe storms, but it can also help society manage the risks.

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Using the NatureServe Climate Change Vulnerability Index: A Nevada Case Study

August 2009

The State of Nevada is amending its State Wildlife Action Plan (SWAP) to incorporate the potential effects of climate change in more detail. The Nevada Department of Wildlife, The Nature Conservancy, Nevada Natural Heritage Program (a NatureServe network member program), Lahontan Audubon Society, and Great Basin Bird Observatory have formed a partnership to complete the amendment. Nevada's SWAP was approved in 2006, and although it identified climate change as a stressor to key habitats and species of conservation concern in a few specific areas, it did not address the degree of vulnerability each species may face due to a warming climate.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Bruce E. Young, Elizabeth Byers, Kelly Gravuer, Kimberly R. Hall, Geoffrey A. Hammerson, Alan Redder, Kristin Szabo, Jennifer E. Newmark

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Climate Change Impacts on Water Supply and Agricultural Water Management in California's Western San Joaquin Valley, and Potential Adaptation Strategies - Final Report

August 2009

Based on an application of the Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) system developed for the Sacramento River basin and Delta export region of the San Joaquin Valley, this report by the California Climate Change Center provides an assessment of climate change impacts and potential adaptation strategies for the region.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Brian Joyce, Vishal Mehta, David Purkey, Larry Dale, Michael Hanemann

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FHWA Literature Review: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, Risk Assessment, and Adaptation Approaches

July 24, 2009

In 2008, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) commissioned a review of U. S. and international approaches to address global climate change adaptation as it relates to transportation. This literature review focuses on three major categories of activities: vulnerability assessments, risk assessments, and adaptation approaches. For each of these, an overview is provided, with sample frameworks or methodologies, and examples. For adaptation approaches, strategies are also provided by climate change impact.

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Climate Change Impacts on Florida (with a specific look at groundwater impacts)

September 2009

This article discusses the impact of climate change on Florida's hydrologic cycle and groundwater.

Author or Affiliated User: Frederick Bloetscher

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Niches, models, and climate change: Assessing the assumptions and uncertainties

August 28, 2009

Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, this paper provides a brief perspective on “ecological niches” - describing how niche thinking and modeling have been used to project changes in the distributions of species, and assessing several related assumptions and uncertainties. These areas are illustrated using examples from research on California birds. The paper concludes with an assessment the usefulness of niche-based models for projecting climate-change impacts on biodiversity and the resulting implications for conservation and management.

Authors or Affiliated Users: John A. Wiens, Diana Stralberg, Dennis Jongsomjit, Christine A. Howell, Mark A. Snyder

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Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and other Recent Estimates

August 2009

This report reviews the costs of adapting to climate change in a range of sectors. It aims to demonstrate the uncertainties of current cost estimates for climate change adaptation. The review examines these costs at the sector level, including several sectors which had previously not been fully considered in cost estimates - and advocates for further refinement of these estimates.

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The Impacts of Sea-Level Rise on the California Coast

May 2009

Provided by the California Energy Commission's Climate Change Center, this study includes a detailed analysis of California's infrastructure, property, and current population at risk from projected sea-level rise, as well as the cost of building structural measures to reduce that risk. Specifically, it identifies the risks of flooding and erosion to specific populations, roads, railways, power plants, water treatment plants, ports and airports, emergency and healthcare facilities, wetlands, coastal and San Francisco Bay properties, and groundwater aquifers.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Matthew Heberger, Heather Cooley, Pablo Herrera, Peter H. Gleick, Eli Moore

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An Adaptation Portfolio for the United States Coastal and Marine Environment

June 2009

This report presents a suite of federal, state and local policy actions to enhance the resilience of human and natural systems to the effects of climate change and variability for marine and coastal environments. Strategies discussed include: investments in habitat restoration, permitting decisions under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, the purchase of coastal lands, controls for reducing non-point and point source pollution upstream of intertidal estuaries, the inspection and prevention of invasive species, marine protected areas (MPAs), incentive‐based fishery management policies, and in general a better definition of rights to marine and coastal resources that creates stewardship incentives.

Authors or Affiliated Users: David Kling, James N. Sanchirico

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Terrestrial Ecosystem Adaptation

June 2009

Terrestrial Ecosystem Adaptation provides an evaluation of adaptation issues for natural ecosystems with a focus on the climate impacts of vegetation response, phenology, wildfire and other system-wide disturbances. It also describes adaptation scenarios of several species affected by climate change, including the snowshoe hare, wolverine, waterfowl, bighorn sheep, and amphibians. The report is limited to natural ecosystems, or those that have not been planted, irrigated, or fertilized - agricultural and grazing lands are excluded.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Steven W. Running, L. Scott Mills

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