• Coastal Resources

Coastal Sector Adaptation Strategies

This tab includes strategies for how to adapt to climate impacts in the coastal sector, including best practices and legal and policy analysis.

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140 results are shown below.

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Roadmap to Support Local Climate Resilience: Lessons from the Rising Tides Summit

December 2016

The World Resource Institute released a report discussing actions that the federal government can take to promote local resilience initiatives on December 15, 2016.  The report describes the federal actions that have been taken to promote state and local resilience initiatives by the Obama administration and describes ways that the new administration can build upon and enhance these efforts.  The report also includes case studies from around the country about ways that cities, states and tribal governments are preparing for the impacts of climate change.

Related Organizations: World Resources Institute (WRI)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Claiborne Tompkins, Nathan Cogswell

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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City of Coral Gables: Legal Considerations Surrounding Adaptation to the Threat of Sea Level Rise

September 28, 2016

This comprehensive report discusses the policy options available to the City of Coral Gables, Florida, as it prepares for sea level rise and other effects of climate change. It also explores potential legal issues likely to arise as climate change adaptation measures are implemented. It explores these challenges in light of Coral Gables’s (and all of South Florida’s) unique vulnerability to climate change, as a result of its low elevation above current sea level and its porous limestone base, which makes protecting areas of South Florida like Coral Gables with sea walls, dikes, or canals impractical.

Related Organizations: The City of Coral Gables, Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Florida Forever Land Acquisition Program

In 1999, the Florida Legislature passed the Florida Forever Act that established the Florida Forever land acquisition and protection program. The Florida Forever program serves as the state’s blueprint for conservation of natural resources. Through the Florida Forever program, the state is implementing effective land acquisition and preservation strategies supported by mapping tools and ecological data that help the state conduct scientific review and establish conservation priorities based upon climate change risks. Florida’s state legislature prioritized climate change considerations in the Florida Forever Act (Florida Stat. ch. 259.105(17)(d) (2018)) by requiring the Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of State Lands to evaluate lands for acquisition based on their potential benefits to sequester carbon or adapt to climate change impacts, among other criteria. Florida Forever can serve as an example of how other governments and partners can incorporate climate change into land acquisition programs to enhance adaptation and natural resource conservation. 

Related Organizations: State of Florida Department of Transportation

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Yankeetown, Florida Natural Resource Adaptation Action Area

The Town of Yankeetown, Florida is utilizing a state authorized land-use planning tool - called Adaptation Action Areas - to mitigate the impacts of sea-level rise on local ecosystems. Specifically, Yankeetown is experiencing coastal inundation due to sea-level rise that is causing large swaths of coastal forests to rapidly decline and salt marshes to migrate inland, creating a phenomenon known as “ghost forests.” Yankeetown has taken a unique approach to planning for coastal change by utilizing Adaptation Action Areas. Adaptation Action Areas are overlay districts local governments can utilize to increase management attention and oversight over defined areas within their municipality with the goal of increasing resilience to sea-level rise impacts. Yankeetown amended its local comprehensive plan to create a “Natural Resource Adaptation Action Area,” which is the first instance of a locality in Florida using this tool for the purpose of natural resource management rather than solely infrastructure protection. The tool is helping Yankeetown shape future growth and development to conserve and protect its natural resources in the face of rising seas. Local governments could consider adopting overlay districts like Adaptation Action Areas or other zoning, land-use, or planning tools to reduce or limit development in wetland and forest migration pathways as a part of comprehensive retreat strategies. 

Related Organizations: Town of Yankeetown, Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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New Hampshire Senate Bill (S.B.) 285: Establishing a Coastal Resilience and Economic Development Program

August 3, 2019

On August 3, 2019, the State of New Hampshire passed Senate Bill (S. B. ) 285 to establish a coastal resilience and economic development program and provide local governments with innovative new tools to address climate emergencies due to sea-level rise, storm surge, and flooding. One notable provision of the bill allows municipalities to either alter their existing boundaries or create a new municipality by combining existing ones (Section 2, codified in New Hampshire Revised Statutes § 31:9-d).

Related Organizations: State of New Hampshire

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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City of Marina, California Urban Growth Boundary Initiative

November 2000

In November 2000, the City of Marina approved an update to add an Urban Growth Boundary (UGB) to its city General Plan and Local Coastal Program (LCP) to prevent urban sprawl and to preserve undeveloped land near the coast. The main purpose of the UGB Initiative is to restrict land within the UGB to open space and recreational uses until at least December 31, 2020 (when the current initiative expires, unless it is extended by the city). Low-density zones that were mapped along the coast provide the guidance and land-use controls for these areas. While the UGB and low-density zones were not established for the explicit purpose of managed retreat, they can serve as an example of land-use and zoning tools other municipalities could consider to conserve coasts, natural resources, and other open spaces in the face of sea-level rise and erosion.

Related Organizations: City of Marina, California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Recommendations to the Secure Commonwealth Panel on the Issue of Sea Level Rise and Recurrent Flooding in Coastal Virginia

September 5, 2014

From the Recurrent Flooding Sub-Panel of Virginia’s Secure Commonwealth Panel, this draft report provides recommendations on actions Virginia can take to prepare for sea level rise and increased flooding as caused by climate change. This comprehensive report also offers analysis of which tools, authorities, initiatives and resources already exist, what actions can be taken, and how to coordinate it all into a united effort to adapt to these impacts.

Related Organizations: Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) Center for Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Secure Commonwealth Panel

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Southeast Florida Regional Compact: Climate Action Plan - 2014 Municipal Implementation Survey

December 2014

The Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC), on behalf of the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact, has administered the Regional Climate Action Plan (RCAP) 2014 Municipal Implementation Survey, compiling climate-related ordinances, resolutions, regulations and administrative policy information from the 108 municipalities in Broward, Miami-Dade, Monroe, and Palm Beach Counties, Florida. The data collected from this survey will allow the Compact and ISC to create a database on the Compact’s official website highlighting municipal work in mitigating and adapting to climate change impacts, and will allow for peer-to-peer knowledge and resource sharing.

Related Organizations: Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact, Institute for Sustainable Communities

Author or Affiliated User: Ariel Elyse Moger

Resource Category: Monitoring and Reporting

 

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Washington Marine Shoreline Design Guidelines – Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Considerations

March 2014

Prepared for the Washington State Aquatic Habitat Guidelines Program, the purpose of these guidelines is to promote responsible management of Puget Sound shores, preserve natural resources and coastal ecological processes, and increase resilience of the shoreline. These guidelines are intended to give the coastal designer an overview of all of the necessary elements to inform the development of project goals and the tools to design appropriate and environmentally responsible projects for marine shores in Puget Sound.

Related Organizations: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife , Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office, Puget Sound Partnership, Washington State Department of Ecology, Washington State Department of Transportation

Authors or Affiliated Users: J. Johannessen, A. MacLennan, A. Blue, J. Waggoner, S. Williams, W. Gerstel, R. Barnard, R. Carman, H. Shipman

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Preparing for Tomorrow's High Tide: Final Recommendations for Preparing Delaware for Sea Level Rise

September 2013

These recommendations, formally released in September 2013, were developed by Delaware’s Sea Level Rise Advisory Committee and by staff of the Delaware Coastal Programs section of the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC). Fifty-five recommendations were developed for adapting to sea level rise in the state, which target the 16 vulnerable resources noted of high or moderate concern in Delaware’s 2012 Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Assessment. These recommendations focus on building the necessary capacity for Delaware agencies, local governments, businesses and individuals to plan for and put into place strategies for responding to sea level rise.

Related Organizations: State of Delaware, Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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