• Ecosystems Resources

 

An Introduction to Adaptation in Biodiversity and Ecosystems

Some of the known impacts of climate change include shifts in species distributions, population decline, and even extinction. Warmer temperatures are enhancing pest outbreaks and causing more severe and extensive wildfires. Lakes and oceans are warming too, which can increase “dead zones,” harmful algal blooms, parasites, ocean acidification, and coral bleaching.

Use the resources below as a starting point to better understand how climate change will affect natural systems. 

 

 

 

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Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity, Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services

December 18, 2012

This report was developed as technical input for the 2014 National Climate Assessment*, to synthesize the scientific understanding of the way climate change is affecting ecosystems, ecosystem services and the diversity of species, as well as what strategies might be used by natural resource practitioners to decrease current and future risks. More than 60 federal, academic and other scientists authored this impact assessment.

Related Organizations: University of Alaska Fairbanks, Arizona State University, National Wildlife Federation, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Michelle D. Staudinger, Nancy B. Grimm, Amanda Staudt, Shawn L. Carter, Stuart F. Chapin III, Peter Kareiva, Mary Ruckelshaus, Bruce A. Stein

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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A Review of Climate-Change Adaptation Strategies for Wildlife Management and Biodiversity Conservation

March 4, 2009

This report describes observed and potential effects of global climate change on species and ecosystems. It reviews climate change adaptation plans and other planning approaches from the United States, Canada, England, Mexico, and South Africa. The report also includes sixteen possible adaptation strategies, all proposed in scientific literature and public policy documents, that directly address the conservation of biological diversity. These strategies are grouped into four broad categories: land and water protection and management, direct species management, monitoring and planning, and law and policy.

Related Organizations: The Heinz Center

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jonathan R. Mawdsley, Robin O'Malley, Dennis S. Ojima

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Wildlife in a Warming World: Confronting the Climate Crisis

January 30, 2013

From the National Wildlife Federation (NWF), Wildlife in a Warming World examines case studies from across the country illustrating how climate change is altering wildlife habitats and contributing to population declines. Recommendations are made to protect both wildlife and communities in various ecosystems from the impacts of climate change, such as extreme weather, sea level rise and wildfires.

Related Organizations: National Wildlife Federation

Authors or Affiliated Users: Amanda Staudt, Corey Shott, Douglass B. Inkley, Isabel Ricker

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.3: The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity

May 2008

This report is one in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) produced between 2004 and 2009, aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science in the U. S. to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. SAPs are being produced under the auspices of the U. S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP), which coordinates the climate change research activities of U. S. government agencies. The lead sponsor of this particular assessment product is the U. S.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Peter Backlund, Anthony Janetos, David Schimel, J. Hatfield, K. Boote, P. Fay, L. Hahn, C. Izaurralde, B.A. Kimball, T. Mader, J. Morgan, D. Ort, W. Polley, A. Thomson, D. Wolfe, M.G. Ryan, S.R. Archer, R. Birdsey, C. Dahm, L. Heath, J. Hicke, D. Hollinger, T. Huxman, G. Okin, R. Oren, J. Randerson, W. Schlesinger, D. Lettenmaier, D. Major, L. Poff, S. Running, L. Hansen, D. Inouye, B.P. Kelly, L. Meyerson, B. Peterson, R. Shaw.

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy

March 26, 2013

Founded on an agreement among major conservation interests (e. g. local governments, states, tribes, conservation organizations, federal agencies, and private landowners), the National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy is an integrated, coordinated, and comprehensive response to the threats of climate change. This multi-partner strategy outlines a unified approach to maintaining the key terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems needed to sustain fish, wildlife and plant resources and the services they provide in the face of accelerating climate change.

Related Organizations: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), New York Division of Fish, Wildlife, and Marine Resources, Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Wildlife & Wildlands Toolkit

The Climate Change, Wildlife and Wildlands Toolkit for Formal and Informal Educators is an updated and expanded version of the popular Climate Change, Wildlife and Wildlands Toolkit for Teachers and Interpreters first published in 2001, in which over 40,000 kits distributed in all 50 states and the U.S. territories and over a dozen countries across the world.

Related Organizations: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Forest Service (USFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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Beyond Season's End: A Path Forward for Fish and Wildlife in the Era of Climate Change

2009

Seasons End: Global Warming's Threat to Hunting and Fishing (see separate entry)  described the impacts of climate change to coldwater fisheries, big game, upland birds, and waterfowl. A year later, this book, Beyond Seasons' End, was released to explain what can be done to protect fish and wildlife populations and sporting traditions under changing climate conditions. It presents ideas from fish and wildlife professionals about actions that the human community can take to assist the wild community adapting to climate change.

Related Organizations: Trout Unlimited, Coastal Conservation Association, Ducks Unlimited, Bipartisan Policy Center, BASS/ESPN Outdoors, Izaac Walton League of America, Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA), American Sportfishing Association, Pheasants Forever Inc., Boone and Crockett Club

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Priority Agenda: Enhancing the Climate Resilience of America's Natural Resources

October 2014

The Climate and Natural Resources Working Group (CNRWG) of the U.S. Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience developed this Priority Agenda in response to the direction of Executive Order 13653 “Preparing the U.S. for the Impacts of Climate Change” and in coordination with the State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), U.S. Council on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Western Governors' Association Wildlife Corridors Initiative Report

June 2008

In response to policy resolution 07-01, Protecting Wildlife Migration Corridors and Crucial Wildlife Habitat in the West, the Western Governors' Association (WGA) launched a Wildlife Corridors Initiative in 2007, a multi-state and collaborative effort in which six work groups were charged with developing recommendations on various aspects of wildlife corridors and crucial habitat in the West. (For more information see the WGA's Initiative on Wildlife Corridors and Crucial Habitat.)

Related Organizations: Western Governors' Association (WGA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Audubon Birds and Climate Change Report

September 8, 2014

This report from the National Audubon Society presents the results of a seven year scientific study predicting the potential impact of climate change on 588 North American bird species. Based on four decades of bird census data, this is the broadest and most detailed study of its kind, and according to Audubon, “it’s the closest thing we have to a field guide to the future of North American birds.”

Related Organizations: National Audubon Society

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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