• Ecosystems Resources

Fish and Fisheries Resources

This tab includes resources that focus on potential impacts of climate change on fish and fisheries.

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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the North-central California Coast and Ocean

May 2015

From the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), this vulnerability assessment is a science-based effort to identify how and why focal resources - including habitats, species, and ecosystem services - across the North-central California coast and ocean region are likely to be affected by future climate conditions.

Related Organizations: Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, Department of the Interior (DOI): California Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Sara Hutto, S.V Hutto, K.D. Higgason, J.M. Kershner, W.A. Reynier, D.S. Gregg

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change Adaptation Report: Georgetown, Maine

May 2015

This report summarizes the findings of the Georgetown Conservation Commission’s assessment of climate risks for the island community of Georgetown, Maine. It aims to make meaningful climate action seem possible for residents by including some preliminary recommendations in this assessment. The report is organized around a framework that outlines common interests and climate factors that impact those interests. Each chapter focuses on one of the interest areas, frames the problem through the local context, and identifies specific vulnerabilities.

Related Organizations: Georgetown, Maine Conservation Commission

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change & Aspen: An Update on Impacts to Guide Resiliency Planning & Stakeholder Engagement

December 2014

This report, adopted by the City of Aspen, is an update to the City's climate change impact assessment adopted in 2006. The report details the range of impacts that the City is likely to experience as a result of climate change, including: longer summertime warm periods, earlier spring snowmelt, more precipitation as rain and not snow, longer dry periods, and increased frequency of heavy downpour events. These changes are anticipated to increase wildfire risk, put increased pressure on water supply, and economically impact ski resorts and other winter and summer time recreational businesses. The report also details adaptation strategies for each of six key sectors.  

Related Organizations: Aspen Global Change Institute, City of Aspen

Author or Affiliated User: James Arnott

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Our Changing Climate 2012: Vulnerability and Adaptation to the Increasing Risks from Climate Change in California

2012

Produced by the California Institute of Energy and the Environment based in the University of California, this is a brief summary report on the 2012 Vulnerability and Adaptation Study, California's third major assessment on climate change.  Our Changing Climate 2012 used climate projections and refined topographic, demographic and land use information to identify California's primary vulnerabilities to climate change. The report describes extreme heat impacts on public health and vulnerable populations, water supply and management, energy sector risks of wildfire on transmission and drought to hydropower, sea level rise and coastal storms, the increasing risks of California's ecosystems and species to wildfire, and agriculture's vulnerabilities and potential for adaptation.

Related Organizations: California Climate Change Center (CCCC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Susanne C. Moser, Julia Ekstrom, Guido Franco

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

2010

Evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism. This report, requested by Congress, reviews the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems, the chemistry of seawater, and the physiology of marine organisms. The report reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program.

Related Organizations: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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California Climate Action Team Biennial Report - 2009 CAT Report

March 2009

In June 2005, Executive Order S-05-05 was signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger which mandated the preparation of biennial science assessment reports on climate change impacts and adaptation options for California. The first Climate Action Team (CAT) Assessment Report was produced in March 2006. This 2009 assessment expands on the policy-oriented 2006 assessment, and provides new information and scientific findings including: 1) the development of new climate and sea-level projections using new information and tools that have become available in the last two years; and 2) an evaluation of climate change within the context of broader social changes, such as land-use changes and demographic shifts.

Related Organizations: California Climate Action Team (CAT)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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An Adaptation Portfolio for the United States Coastal and Marine Environment

June 2009

This report presents a suite of federal, state and local policy actions to enhance the resilience of human and natural systems to the effects of climate change and variability for marine and coastal environments. Strategies discussed include: investments in habitat restoration, permitting decisions under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, the purchase of coastal lands, controls for reducing non-point and point source pollution upstream of intertidal estuaries, the inspection and prevention of invasive species, marine protected areas (MPAs), incentive‐based fishery management policies, and in general a better definition of rights to marine and coastal resources that creates stewardship incentives.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Authors or Affiliated Users: David Kling, James N. Sanchirico

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Global Warming in the Free State

July 2008

This comprehensive climate change impact assessment was developed to support adaptation planning in the state of Maryland. It was prepared by a Scientific and Technical Working Group, by leading experts in the state in climate change and its impacts, including experts from the University of Maryland.  This assessment informed development of the state's Phase II Adaptation Strategy, A Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland's Vulnerability to Climate Change.

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of the Environment, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland Commission on Climate Change, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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4th National Climate Assessment, Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States

November 23, 2018

On November 23, 2018, the U. S. Global Change Research Program released Volume II of the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) entitled Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the United States. NCA4 includes sixteen chapters focusing on national topics and specific sectors, nine chapters focusing on different regions of the country, and two chapters focusing on both mitigation (reducing greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation responses to climate change. NCA4 concludes that: “ [o]bservations collected around the world provide significant, clear, and compelling evidence that global average temperature is much higher, and is rising more rapidly, than anything modern civilization has experienced, with widespread and growing impacts.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Pacific Northwest Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

September 2012

The Pacific Northwest Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, a project undertaken by the University of Washington and other collaborators, provides information on the likely effects of climate change on species and ecosystems in the region. The assessment involves scientists, natural resource managers, and conservation planners, and covers an area that extends beyond the borders of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho both south into the U. S. and north into Canada. The assessment contains four main component projects including a sensitivity database, case studies, habitat suitability modeling, and species population modeling.

Related Organizations: National Park Service (NPS), The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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