• Ecosystems Resources

Biodiversity and Ecosystems Law and Policy

This tab includes strategies for how to avoid or reduce climate change impacts to ecosystems. It also includes any laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to biodiversity and ecosystems. 

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Maryland's Department of Natural Resources Policy Number 2010-11: Building Resilience to Climate Change

October 12, 2010

Enacted in 2010 by the State of Maryland’s Department of Natural Resources, this document sets forth the Department’s policy to manage the state’s land, natural resources and assets toward better understanding, mitigating and adapting to climate change. In this policy, the Department identifies climate change-related practices, procedures and implementation actions across seven areas: new land investments, facility and infrastructure siting and design, habitat restoration, government operations, research and monitoring, resource planning, and advocacy.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Improving the Odds: Using Climate-Readiness to Reduce the Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Ecosystem

October 2010

This National Wildlife Federation report documents the efforts of Great Lakes' cities, businesses, scientists and resource managers to adapt to climate change and protect people, wildlife and natural resources. The report calls for the widespread adoption of "climate-ready" strategies like those cited in a diverse set of case studies. The report features current climate-ready practices and policies that help build adaptive capacity in the region, and identifies tools and future opportunities for action.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Ecosystem Services and Climate Adaptation

July 2010

This policy brief discusses the economic value of natural resources and ecological systems, the impacts climate change will have on natural systems and the wealth they generate, and the difficulties in pricing ecosystem goods and services. This brief focuses on two broad questions: 1) What kinds of adaptation challenges will be created by climate‐driven changes in the form, scale, and location of ecosystem goods and services. and 2) How should climate adaptation policies protect and manage natural wealth as its delivery is affected by climate change.

Author or Affiliated User: James Boyd

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Weathering Climate Change: Framing Strategies to Minimize Impacts on Pennsylvania Ecosystems and Wildlife

March 24, 2010

As an initial effort to inform Pennsylvania’s climate adaptation planning process, the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, the Pennsylvania Game Commission and The Nature Conservancy interviewed stakeholders from state and federal natural resource management agencies, research institutions, and environmental non-profit organizations. The findings from the interviews are presented in this report subtitled: “Perspectives from Conservation Leaders and Experts on Climate Change Adaptation.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Adaptation to Climate Change in Public Lands Management

February 2010

This issue brief recommends a number of short- and long-term changes in federal land management policy to adapt to climate change.  Policy recommendations include the use of vulnerability assessments and strategic planning, development of effective monitoring systems, implementation of adaptive management and ecosystems management, coordinated research programs, and use of public lands planning and management processes to test adaptation strategies and tactics.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joel B. Smith, William R. Travis

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

2010

Evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism. This report, requested by Congress, reviews the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems, the chemistry of seawater, and the physiology of marine organisms. The report reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program.

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Better-Defined Rights and Responsibilities in Marine Adaptation Policy

December 2009

This issue brief discusses key elements of marine environment adaptation policy, including rights, resources, and governance. The brief recommends establishing better-defined rights and responsibilities for commercial and recreational fisheries in order to create an adaptation portfolio for marine and coastal resources. In addition, the report suggests establishing a broader ocean governance framework that includes comprehensive planning, allocation of dominant use zones and user rights within zones, and ecological standards.

Author or Affiliated User: James N. Sanchirico

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Responding to Climate Change: Working Together to Conserve Land, Wildlife and Habitat

September 2009

On November 15, 2008, 10 organizations consisting of non-profits and Massachusetts state agencies sponsored a conference at Bentley College in Waltham, Massachusetts. The conference, "Responding to Climate Change: Working Together to Conserve Land, Wildlife and Habitat," was the first of its kind in the Commonwealth and in the nation. The conference brought together nearly 200 conservation leaders from across 60 organizations, including scientists, land stewards, hunters, anglers, government officials, advocates, foundation officers, and policy-makers.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Climate Change and National Park Wildlife: A Survival Guide for a Warming World

August 2009

This report, from the National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA), recommends strategies to help wildlife adapt to the conditions caused by climate change, including providing land corridors, and reducing stress from pollution and invasive species. Included are five steps for safeguarding wildlife from climate change, and eleven wildlife profiles which address impacts to specific vulnerable eco-regions and provide possible solutions. .

Author or Affiliated User: Kirk Repanshek

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Connecting Biodiversity and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

2009

The Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) on Biodiversity and Climate Change was established under the Convention of Biological Diversity to inform and update the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on biodiversity-related information. This report of the second AHTEG provides scientific and technical assessments and advice on integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources into climate change mitigation and adaptation activities.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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