• Ecosystems Resources

Biodiversity and Ecosystems Law and Policy

This tab includes strategies for how to avoid or reduce climate change impacts to ecosystems. It also includes any laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to biodiversity and ecosystems. 

Resources are automatically presented by rating, but can be sorted by date or title. Apply additional filters to narrow by resource type, state, region, impact, or jurisdictional focus.

 

 

 

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14 Solutions to Problems Climate Change Poses for Conservation - Examples from the WCS Climate Adaptation Fund

2017

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation created the WCS Climate Adaptation Fund to “incentivize new and innovative efforts to help wildlife and ecosystems respond to climate change. ” As of 2016, the WCS Climate Adaptation Fund awarded more than $12 million to 66 adaptation projects across the United States.  This report presents 14 climate change adaptation strategies or “solutions” for sustaining wildlife populations and ecosystems, with examples of projects supported by the Climate Adaptation Fund that exemplify each solution.

Related Organizations: Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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2016 Report on the Health of Colorado’s Forests: Fire and Water

January 2017

The 2016 Colorado State Forest Service (CSFS) report provides information on the health of Colorado’s 24. 4 million acres of forested land framed by the role that fire and water play in the state’s forest ecosystems. The report also details the impact of insects and diseases, especially the mountain pine beetle epidemic, which has killed over 3 million acres in the state and fueled an increase in forest fires. The CSFS recognizes that these risks, including increasingly severe wildfires, drought and insect infestations are likely to be amplified by climate change in the future.

Related Organizations: Colorado State Forest Service

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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A Review of Climate-Change Adaptation Strategies for Wildlife Management and Biodiversity Conservation

March 4, 2009

This report describes observed and potential effects of global climate change on species and ecosystems. It reviews climate change adaptation plans and other planning approaches from the United States, Canada, England, Mexico, and South Africa. The report also includes sixteen possible adaptation strategies, all proposed in scientific literature and public policy documents, that directly address the conservation of biological diversity. These strategies are grouped into four broad categories: land and water protection and management, direct species management, monitoring and planning, and law and policy.

Related Organizations: The Heinz Center

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jonathan R. Mawdsley, Robin O'Malley, Dennis S. Ojima

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Actions Likely to Increase Plant and Animal Resilience to Climate Change

2018

The Nature Conservancy has mapped locations across California with strategic recommendations for land managers to support wildlife and plant resilience to climate change. The interactive online tool is a map of California’s Landscape Vulnerability which presents conservation actions for terrestrial species across the state. 

Related Organizations: The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Adaptation to Climate Change in Public Lands Management

February 2010

This issue brief recommends a number of short- and long-term changes in federal land management policy to adapt to climate change.  Policy recommendations include the use of vulnerability assessments and strategic planning, development of effective monitoring systems, implementation of adaptive management and ecosystems management, coordinated research programs, and use of public lands planning and management processes to test adaptation strategies and tactics.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joel B. Smith, William R. Travis

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Adapting Forests to Climate Change

April 5, 2017

University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources (UC ANR) has produced a 13-page peer-reviewed paper that outlines adaptation strategies that California land owners can take to sustain their forests' value while facing climate change impacts. The report provides specific recommendations for care of three common types of forest from across California, including: Mixed Conifer, Oak Woodlands, and Coastal Redwood Forests. The focal climate impacts addressed are Fire, Moisture Stress, and Insects and Disease, which are detailed for each forest type - along with some indicators of adaptability.

Related Organizations: University of California - Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANR)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Adrienne Marshall, Susie Kocher, Amber Kerr, Peter Stine

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Alaska Wildlife Action Plan

December 2016

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game developed Alaska’s Wildlife Action Plan to provide a common strategic framework for wildlife management, updated species data, and tools to support the conservation of the state’s aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. The original 2006 plan was updated in 2015, approved in 2016, and has been revised to focus on strategic approaches that will guide priorities and projects over the next 10 years. The purpose of the plan is to identify species of greatest conservation need in Alaska, describe their distribution and habitat use, and the key threats to these species.

Related Organizations: Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Best Practices for State Wildlife Action Plans - Voluntary Guidance to States for Revision and Implementation

November 2012

In 2005, Congress mandated that state fish and wildlife agencies develop State Wildlife Action Plans (SWAPs) that identified the species and habitats in greatest conservation need, key threats, and recommended actions - in order to receive federal funding through the State and Tribal Wildlife Grants Program. The Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies prepared a report with guidance focused on integrating climate change adaptation planning into SWAPs in 2009 - Voluntary Guidance for States to Incorporate Climate Change into State Wildlife Action Plans and Other Management Plans.

Related Organizations: Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Better-Defined Rights and Responsibilities in Marine Adaptation Policy

December 2009

This issue brief discusses key elements of marine environment adaptation policy, including rights, resources, and governance. The brief recommends establishing better-defined rights and responsibilities for commercial and recreational fisheries in order to create an adaptation portfolio for marine and coastal resources. In addition, the report suggests establishing a broader ocean governance framework that includes comprehensive planning, allocation of dominant use zones and user rights within zones, and ecological standards.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: James N. Sanchirico

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Beyond Season's End: A Path Forward for Fish and Wildlife in the Era of Climate Change

2009

Seasons End: Global Warming's Threat to Hunting and Fishing (see separate entry)  described the impacts of climate change to coldwater fisheries, big game, upland birds, and waterfowl. A year later, this book, Beyond Seasons' End, was released to explain what can be done to protect fish and wildlife populations and sporting traditions under changing climate conditions. It presents ideas from fish and wildlife professionals about actions that the human community can take to assist the wild community adapting to climate change.

Related Organizations: Trout Unlimited, Coastal Conservation Association, Ducks Unlimited, Bipartisan Policy Center, BASS/ESPN Outdoors, Izaac Walton League of America, Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA), American Sportfishing Association, Pheasants Forever Inc., Boone and Crockett Club

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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