• Ecosystems Resources

Biodiversity and Ecosystems Law and Policy

This tab includes strategies for how to avoid or reduce climate change impacts to ecosystems. It also includes any laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to biodiversity and ecosystems. 

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Buying Time: A User's Manual for Building Resistance and Resilience to Climate Change in Natural Systems

August 2003

Designed by the World Wildlife Fund for natural resource managers who are ready to confront the impacts of climate change, this manual brings together assessments and initial adaptation strategies for various ecosystems. Written by experts, and with 200+ pages, this manual introduces practical ideas to increase the resiliency of ecosystems and protected areas in response to the threat of climate change.

Related Organizations: World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Mid-Atlantic Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment and Synthesis: A Report from the Mid-Atlantic Climate Change Response Framework Project

October 2018

This U. S. Forest Service report develop provides an assessment of the vulnerability of forest ecosystems in the Mid-Atlantic region and was designed to help resource managers incorporate climate change considerations into management practices. The report synthesizes the best available scientific information on climate change and forest ecosystems, focusing on a study area including 60 million acres of land across eastern Maryland, southern New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Of this area, about 32 million acres are forested.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), USFS Northern Research Station

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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2016 Report on the Health of Colorado’s Forests: Fire and Water

January 2017

The 2016 Colorado State Forest Service (CSFS) report provides information on the health of Colorado’s 24. 4 million acres of forested land framed by the role that fire and water play in the state’s forest ecosystems. The report also details the impact of insects and diseases, especially the mountain pine beetle epidemic, which has killed over 3 million acres in the state and fueled an increase in forest fires. The CSFS recognizes that these risks, including increasingly severe wildfires, drought and insect infestations are likely to be amplified by climate change in the future.

Related Organizations: Colorado State Forest Service

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

2010

Evidence suggests ocean acidification will have negative effects on corals, shellfish, and other marine life, with wide-ranging consequences for ecosystems, fisheries, and tourism. This report, requested by Congress, reviews the effects of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems, the chemistry of seawater, and the physiology of marine organisms. The report reviews the current state of knowledge and identifies gaps in understanding, and provides scientific advice to help guide the national ocean acidification research program.

Related Organizations: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Ecosystem Services and Climate Adaptation

July 2010

This policy brief discusses the economic value of natural resources and ecological systems, the impacts climate change will have on natural systems and the wealth they generate, and the difficulties in pricing ecosystem goods and services. This brief focuses on two broad questions: 1) What kinds of adaptation challenges will be created by climate‐driven changes in the form, scale, and location of ecosystem goods and services. and 2) How should climate adaptation policies protect and manage natural wealth as its delivery is affected by climate change.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: James Boyd

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Puyallup Tribe Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options

2016

The Pullayup Tribe of Indians, from the Puget Sound area of Washington State, have completed a climate impact assessment and adaptation strategy for the natural resources in the area on which they depend. This report combines the latest climate knowledge for the region with input from Tribal staff and members, and presents primary projected climate impacts for the Tribe and surrounding ecosystems, as well as strategic actions to build climate resilience. 

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Actions Likely to Increase Plant and Animal Resilience to Climate Change

2018

The Nature Conservancy has mapped locations across California with strategic recommendations for land managers to support wildlife and plant resilience to climate change. The interactive online tool is a map of California’s Landscape Vulnerability which presents conservation actions for terrestrial species across the state. 

Related Organizations: The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Managing Risks to Conservation Investments Through Climate Adaptation

April 25, 2019

The Wildlife Conservation Society partnered with the Climate Resilience Fund to offer this guidance for investors funding conservation projects - such as private foundations, public agencies and local governments - on how to consider climate change risks inherent in their investments. Climate change is causing dramatic and unpredictable effects on ecosystems and natural resources - creating uncertainties for conservation funding decision making and the future outcome of investments. This guidance for conservation investors supports intentionality in anticipating and assessing climate change risks, which in turn safeguards these investments to advance conservation goals.

Resource Category: Funding

 

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Maryland Forest Preservation Act of 2013

October 1, 2013

In April 2013, the Maryland General Assembly passed the Forest Preservation Act of 2013 (HB 706, approved by Governor Martin O’Malley on May 2, 2013 and effective October 1, 2013), which seeks to stop forest loss in the state and maintain the state’s existing 40 percent tree canopy cover by instituting a “No Net Forest Loss” policy. Instead of using regulations or maintenance requirements to prevent forest loss, the Act utilizes new and modified incentives for private landowners to conserve and preserve forestland.

Related Organizations: State of Maryland

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maryland Department of Natural Resources Policy: “Building Resilience to Climate Change”

October 15, 2010

As the lead agency in Maryland for climate change adaptation efforts, the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) issued this policy to “provide direction and guidance regarding the Department’s investments in and management of land, resources and assets in the face of climate change.” The policy is “to make sound investments in land and facilities and to manage [DNR] assets and natural resources so as to better understand, mitigate and adapt to climate change.”

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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