• Emergency Preparedness Resources

Emergency Preparedness Adaptation Strategies

This tab includes strategies for how to avoid or reduce climate change impacts on emergency preparedness, including best practices and legal and policy analysis.

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In the Eye of the Storm: A People's Guide to Transforming Crisis and Advancing Equity in the Disaster Continuum

September 26, 2018

This Guide developed by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) discusses how low-income, communities of color, and other frontline communities are disproportionately affected by the effects of climate change, extreme weather, and other natural and human-caused disasters (like industrial accidents or chemical contamination).  To address these disproportionate risks, the Guide provides a framework for helping communities embed considerations of equity in all phases of emergency management: prevention, mitigation, preparedness, resilience building, recovery, and redevelopment.

Related Organizations: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Lorah Steichen, Jacqui Patterson

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Stronger Housing, Safer Communities: Strategies for Seismic and Flood Risks

March 2015

From the Association of Bay Area Governments, and the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC), this report describes the characteristics of housing and communities vulnerable to earthquakes and sea level rise in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. Recommended strategies are provided with a focus on reducing housing and community vulnerability to help the region meet its resilience, sustainability, prosperity, and equity goals.

Related Organizations: Association of Bay Area Local Governments (ABAG), San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Dana Brechwald, Cynthia Kroll, Wendy Goodfriend, Lindy Lowe

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Resilience Hubs: Shifting Power to Communities and Increasing Community Capacity

March 28, 2018

This report describes an initiative of the Urban Sustainability Directors Network (USDN) to encourage the creation of Resilience Hubs, which are defined as community-serving facilities meant to both support residents and coordinate resource distribution and services before, during or after a natural hazard event. While these are primarily meant to address vulnerability and risk, this report explains how Resilience Hubs can also help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support social equity. The report draws on lessons from Washington, DC, and Baltimore, Maryland, two cities that are actively exploring the Resilience Hub concept.

Related Organizations: Urban Sustainability Directors Network (USDN)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kristin Baja, Kristin Baja, CFM

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Adaptation and Federal Megadisaster Policy: Lessons from Katrina

February 2010

This issue brief is one in a series that results from a domestic adaptation research project conducted by Resources for the Future.

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: Marc Landy

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Degrees of Risk: Defining a Risk Management Framework For Climate Security

February 2011

The implications of current security analysis are clear: unless climate change is limited to levels where its impacts can be managed effectively, and unless successful adaptation programs are implemented, there will be major threats to national and international security. This report addresses the need for countries to develop a comprehensive risk management approach to climate change.

Related Organizations: Third Generation Environmentalism Ltd (E3G), The Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Authors or Affiliated Users: Nick Mabey, Jay Gulledge, Bernard Finel, Katherine Silverthorne

Resource Category: Planning

 

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FEMA Guides to Expanding Mitigation

September 2020

FEMA’s Guides to Expanding Mitigation are part of a series designed to highlight how emerging partnerships connecting communities to public and private actors in key sectors can support more effective hazard mitigation projects and planning. The guides cover a range of sectors and topics, including equity, transportation, electric power, municipal financing, public health, agriculture, and arts and culture. This project supports FEMA’s goal of building a culture of preparedness as part of the agency’s strategic plan.

Related Organizations: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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A Post-Event Review of the October 2015 Floods in South Carolina: A Deep Dive into the Columbia and Charleston Event

October 11, 2016

Using the narrative of the October 2015 flood in South Carolina, this report focuses on how to better reduce risks, improve response activities, and be more strategic about planning for flood recovery. The report analyzes flooding in both Columbia and Charleston, South Carolina, drawing on interviews with impacted people and hard data on economic and physical impacts. The report recognizes that climate change will be an ongoing stress in the region, and offers lessons about planning for flood resilience, but does not focus specifically on climate impacts.

Related Organizations: Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (ISET) - International

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kanmani Venkateswaran, Karen MacClune, Michael Szoenyi, Sierra Gladfelter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Climate Change, Resilience and Fairness - How Nonstructural Adaptation Can Protect and Empower Socially Vulnerable Communities on the Gulf Coast

April 2016

Utilizing case studies from extreme flooding events, this paper synthesizes lessons learned, hazard mitigation strategies, and best practices in adaptation. The focus is on nonstructural adaptation strategies such as disaster planning and mitigation, and property buyouts. The best practices for implementing nonstructural adaptation strategies are also discussed with respect to impacts on, and solutions for, vulnerable communities.  The paper is grounded in three case studies of flooding events that each caused widespread damage, occurred across a range of demographic and socio-economic conditions, and involved both structural and nonstructural post-disaster adaptation strategies.

Related Organizations: Center for Progressive Reform

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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A Primer on Disaster and Emergency Appropriations

March 2, 2016

This issue brief from the Heritage Foundation explains three classifications of disaster and emergency spending including “regular appropriations,” “disaster designated appropriations,” and “emergency supplemental appropriations. ” The paper argues that most events should be funded through regular appropriations. Additionally, Congress should establish higher thresholds for disasters so that funding is reserved for major events. This document does not directly address climate adaptation, but this resource is included in the Clearinghouse because disaster policy will be critical to the nation's ability to respond to climate change since climate will increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events and is likely to increase disaster costs.

Related Organizations: The Heritage Foundation

Author or Affiliated User: Justin Bogie

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Annexing and Preparing Higher Ground Receiving Areas in Princeville, North Carolina Through Post-Disaster Recovery Processes

In 2017, the Town of Princeville, North Carolina engaged experts and communities in a long-term, comprehensive planning process to annex a 53-acre parcel of land located outside of the town’s 100-year floodplain to develop a safer, higher ground area where residents, structures, and infrastructure can be relocated. After experiencing flooding impacts from Hurricane Matthew in 2016, Princeville was selected as one of six municipalities in North Carolina to receive technical and funding support from the state through the Hurricane Matthew Disaster Recovery and Resilience Initiative. Princeville provides an example for other municipalities either in a pre-or post-disaster context for how to balance the preservation of original townships while dealing with flooding vulnerabilities, while increasing the resiliency of core community assets and services through adaptation actions. As done in Princeville, local governments may consider options for relocating vulnerable residences and community facilities and services, including by annexing new land where sufficient higher ground land within existing municipal boundaries is not available to reallocate critical land uses and maintain local communities, tax bases, and economies.

Related Organizations: Town of Princeville, North Carolina

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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