• Resources for Small Communities

Adaptation Strategies for Rural and Small Communities

This tab includes strategies, best practices, and legal and policy analysis relevant to adaptation efforts in rural and small communities.

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Arizona Water Meter - A Comparison of Water Conservation Programs in 15 Arizona Communities

October 2010

In response to climate change and other factors that increase competition and reduce availability of water in Arizona, Western Resource Advocates' Arizona Water Meter report highlights the water conservation programs of 15 diverse Arizona communities and evaluates their programs by seven important water conservation criteria: 1) minimizing per capita water use; 2) water rate structures that encourage wise water use; 3) community-based water conservation programs; 4) conservation ordinances; 5) funding for conservation programs; 6) stemming system water loss; and 7) effluent reuse.

Related Organizations: Western Resource Advocates (WRA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Winslow Way Street Redesign (Bainbridge Island, WA)

2011

The City of Bainbridge Island redesigned its main downtown street to update aging water infrastructure, improve walkability and multimodal uses, and better manage stormwater using more natural and vegetated solutions. The new design is more walkable and accessible, supports biking, better manages stormwater with green infrastructure practices, and encourages social cohesion through smart design. Over half a mile in length, this innovative redesign protects street trees and incorporates stormwater planters, rain gardens, and other methods to retain stormwater and prevent flooding.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Sea Level Rise: Technical Guidance for Dorchester County, Maryland

October 2008

This report describes Dorchester County's vulnerability to sea-level rise and specific policy response options. The report follows the outline established in the state's sea-level rise response strategy, including: Vulnerability and Impact Assessment; Long-Range and Comprehensive Planning; Codes, Regulations and Development Standards; and Public Education and Outreach.

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Chesapeake and Coastal Program

Author or Affiliated User: Wanda Diane Cole

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Alaska Climate Impact Assessment Commission 2008 Final Report

March 17, 2008

In May 2006, the Alaska Legislature adopted House Concurrent Resolution 30, creating an Alaska Climate Impact Commission. The Commission was charged with assessing the impacts and costs of climate change to Alaska and developing recommendations for preventative measures potentially implemented by Alaskan communities and governments. The eleven-member commission released their final report in March 2008

Related Organizations: Joint Alaska Climate Impact Assessment Commission

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Managing Drought in a Changing Climate: Four Essential Reforms 

September 6, 2018

This Public Policy Institute of California report examines climate change impacts on water resources in California, and the state’s capacity for adaptation to water scarcity and drought. California’s 2012–2016 drought - which was the hottest in the state’s recorded history and one of the driest - is used to assess water management and responses from that time in four sectors: cities and suburbs, irrigated agriculture, rural communities, and freshwater ecosystems. Policy and management reforms are recommended for drought planning, water infrastructure and operations, water rights administration, and funding.

Related Organizations: Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Marin County, California Ocean Coast Sea-Level Rise Adaptation Report

February 27, 2018

Marin County’s “Collaboration: Sea-level Marin Adaptation Response Team” (C-SMART) is a multi-stakeholder, inter-governmental partnership that collaborates to determine sea level rise impacts and adaptation options for the county. This comprehensive analysis from C-SMART presents strategies for increasing resiliency of Marin’s coast with options to accommodate, protect against, or retreat from the threats of sea level rise and coastal hazards.

Related Organizations: Marin County Collaboration - Sea-level Marin Adaptation Response Team (C-SMART)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jack Liebster, Alex Westhoff

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Green Infrastructure in Parks: A Guide to Collaboration, Funding, and Community Engagement

May 2017

In May 2017, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency released a guide on how stormwater management agencies could work with parks departments to integrate green infrastructure solutions into park lands. The guide walks municipalities through the steps of developing a green infrastructure program including: (1) identifying and engaging partners, (2) building relationships, (3) leveraging funding, (4) identifying opportunities for green infrastructure, (5) planning maintenance, and (6) undertaking pilot projects.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Sustainable Climate Change Adaptation in Indian Country

July 2017

Limited land and resource rights allocated to indigenous peoples in the United States create structural barriers that restrict many tribes’ ability to sustainably manage natural resources and adapt to climate change. This article reviews these barriers, and how land fragmentation and policies that hinder a tribe’s authority and control of natural resources restrict their capacity to manage climate change risks. After describing the history of political barriers for tribes, the report is primarily a case study of water rights and management at the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming.

Related Organizations: North Central Climate Adaptation Science Center

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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USDA Building Blocks for Climate Smart Agriculture and Forestry: Case Studies

May 2016

The U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Building Blocks for Climate Smart Agriculture and Forestry initiative is the Department's framework for helping farmers, ranchers, and forest land owners respond to climate change. The effort involves voluntary, incentive-based conservation, resilience planning, resource conservation, and energy programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increase carbon sequestration, and expand renewable energy production in the agricultural and forestry sectors. In this report USDA published the results of case studies that demonstrate exemplary climate smart agriculture and forestry practices for each of the ten “building blocks:” Soil Health Nitrogen Stewardship Livestock Partnerships Conservation of Sensitive Lands Grazing and Pasture Lands Private Forest Growth and Retention Stewardship of Federal Forests Promotion of Wood Products Urban Forests Energy Generation and Efficiency Each case study is a one page review describing the sustainability achievements and climate solutions implemented.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Greening Your Community through Cost-Effective LID

This series of five fact sheets explain Low Impact Development (LID), Green Infrastructure (GI), and sustainable design in order to help communities understand and adopt smart land use. This information describes how LID and GI not only help to manage stormwater and improve groundwater supplies, but also can reduce flooding, improve water quality, lower maintenance costs, and increase property values. MassAudubon suggests that preserving existing GI is a first line of defense against climate impacts such as increased storm intensities, while achieving long-term cost savings.

Related Organizations: Massachusetts Audubon Society

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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