• Transportation Resources

Transportation Sector Assessments and Tools

This tab provides climate science, vulnerability assessments, and tools for understanding climate change impacts to the water sector and potential adaptation options.

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79 results are shown below.

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PANYNJ Assessment of the Vulnerability to the Impacts of Climate Change

April 2011

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) conducted a vulnerability and risk assessment of the agency’s critical infrastructure to the anticipated effects of climate change, including sea-level rise and increased storm surge, precipitation, and temperatures.   PANYNJ analyzed climate-related vulnerability and level of risk for a wide variety of agency infrastructure, including airports, marine terminals, tunnels and bridges, rails, bus stations, and other facilities.   The risk analysis was used to prioritize the highest risk assets and develop adaptation strategies for those assets.

Related Organizations: The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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FHWA-HEP-12-010: The Use of Climate Information in Vulnerability Assessments

January 2011

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) memorandum “The Use of Climate Information in Vulnerability Assessments” provides guidance on how to access and use historical climate change information and projections of future climate conditions when performing vulnerability assessments for transportation systems. This memorandum describes several sources of climate information and technical assistance, and provides recommendations on how transportation planners can use this information as they consider their climate-related risks.

Related Organizations: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Identifying Surface Transportation Vulnerabilities and Risk Assessment Opportunities Under Climate Change: Case Study in Portland, Oregon

2011

Researchers at Portland State University (PSU) and the Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium developed a framework for assessing climate change vulnerabilities to multi-modal transportation systems using a geographic information system (GIS). They used Portland as a case study for testing the GIS model and provided recommendations for how the GIS could be used to develop adaptive responses in the transportation sector. In the study, the researchers focused on two climate impacts that could affect surface transportation networks in Portland – flooding and landslides - and used GIS to model hazard locations in Portland.

Related Organizations: Portland State University, Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium (OTREC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Lindsay Walker, Miguel A. Figliozzi, Ashley R. Haire, John MacArthur

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Alaska Highway Case Study: Heat Transfer, Permafrost Degradation, and Transportation Infrastructure Stability

2011

The Alaska University Transportation Center (AUTC) of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, has supported multiple projects to research measures to reduce permafrost thaw and the resulting impacts to roads, specifically along the Alaska Highway (the only road connecting Alaska to the continental U. S. ). Structural damage occurs when the permafrost under road infrastructure thaws. Thermal modeling demonstrates that the stability of permafrost below roadways and embankments is greatly affected by surface temperatures of roadways, and it has therefore been predicted that as the climate warms, permafrost degradation will be a major issue for the design and maintenance of roads in Alaska.

Related Organizations: University of Alaska Fairbanks

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Impacts of Climate Change in Flood Frequency Analysis for Transportation Design in Alaska

July 2010

This study addresses whether or not current flood frequency estimates for south-central Alaska adequately characterize true flood occurrences given limited observational data, the influence of natural climate variability on extreme events, and potential climate change. The research is intended to lead to the understanding of regional hydrology while resulting in the least total cost for this aspect of transportation infrastructure in Alaska.

Related Organizations: Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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FHWA - Regional Climate Change Effects: Useful Information for Transportation Agencies

May 10, 2010

Developed by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), this report is intended to provide the transportation community (including highway engineers, planners, NEPA practitioners) with transparent, regional information on projected climate changes and effects that are most relevant to the U. S. highway system. This information is designed to inform assessments of the risks and vulnerabilities facing the current U. S. transportation system, and support planning and project development activities.

Related Organizations: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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Oyster River (New Hampshire) Culvert Analysis Project

March 2010

In this project the Piscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership (PREP) performed a vulnerability assessment of the hydrology and drainage system of the Oyster River watershed in southeastern New Hampshire and its capacity to adapt to climate change impacts and increased development. The project used a geographic information system (GIS) based watershed model to identify the road/stream crossing culverts that are vulnerable to failure due to extreme storms with increased precipitation, in combination with development of the watershed.

Related Organizations: New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, Piscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership, U.S. EPA Climate Ready Estuaries

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Climate Change and Transportation in Maine

October 14, 2009

This report reviews the best available science on observed and projected climate patterns in Maine, synthesizes the influence of climate change on Maine's transportation infrastructure, and lists the measures the state's Department of Transportation (Maine DOT) will take to address project climate impacts. The report is a preliminary summary of Maine’s proactive approach to transportation planning that addresses climate impacts, positioning Maine DOT to receive support from federal agencies.

Related Organizations: Maine Department of Transportation

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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FHWA Literature Review: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, Risk Assessment, and Adaptation Approaches

July 24, 2009

In 2008, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) commissioned a review of U. S. and international approaches to address global climate change adaptation as it relates to transportation. This literature review focuses on three major categories of activities: vulnerability assessments, risk assessments, and adaptation approaches. For each of these, an overview is provided, with sample frameworks or methodologies, and examples. For adaptation approaches, strategies are also provided by climate change impact.

Related Organizations: ICF International, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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USGCRP Global Climate Change Impacts in the US - Transportation

June 2009

This report is one of seven sector-specific chapters from the United States Global Change Research Program's 2009 National Climate Assessment, "Global Climate Change Impacts in the U. S. "  The 'Transportation' chapter presents current and projected impacts to the U. S. transportation system from climate change. Primarily the effects of climate change on infrastructure, such as highways, air strips, and port facilities, are described in detail. Regional case studies demonstrating these types of impacts from extreme weather events in the recent past are included.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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