Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Initiative

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) have identified ecological and evolutionary sciences, including field biology and mathematical modeling, and socio-ecology as essential disciplines to understand and predict transmission of zoonotic and other infectious diseases that involve biotic or abiotic vectors, including diseases of humans, other animals, and plants. FIC, NIGMS, NSF and USDA will continue this multi-year collaboration on an important initiative to advance our ability to address the environmental and public health components of disease control.

The Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID) program supports research on the ecological, evolutionary, and socio-ecological principles and processes that influence the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases. The central theme of submitted projects must be quantitative or computational understanding of pathogen transmission dynamics. The intent is discovery of principles of infectious disease transmission and on testing mathematical or computational models that elucidate infectious disease systems. Projects should be broad, interdisciplinary efforts that go beyond the scope of typical studies. They should focus on the determinants and interactions of transmission among humans, non-human animals, and/or plants. This includes, for example, the spread of pathogens; the influence of environmental factors such as climate; the population dynamics and genetics of reservoir species or hosts; or the cultural, social, behavioral, and economic dimensions of disease transmission. Research may be on zoonotic, environmentally-borne, vector-borne, or enteric diseases of either terrestrial or freshwater systems and organisms, including diseases of animals and plants, at any scale from specific pathogens to inclusive environmental systems.

Proposals for research on disease systems of public health concern to developing countries are strongly encouraged, as are disease systems of concern in agricultural systems. Investigators are encouraged to involve the public health research community, including for example, epidemiologists, physicians, veterinarians, food scientists, social scientists, entomologists, pathologists, virologists, or parasitologists with the goal of integrating knowledge across disciplines to enhance our ability to predict and control infectious diseases.

Beginning in FY2013, EEID projects must have a minimum budget of $1,000,000. Research that falls within the scope of the EEID initiative but with project aims that do not require a million dollar budget should be directed to either the Population and Community Ecology or Evolutionary Processes clusters in the Division of Environmental Biology. For US-UK Collaborative Projects, the US budget must be at least $750,000.

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